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Adults with Asperger syndrome with and without a cognitive profile associated with ‘‘non-verbal learning disability.’’ A brief report

Nydén, Agneta; Niklasson, Lena; Ståhlberg, Ola; Anckarsäter, Henrik LU ; Dahlgren-Sandberg, Annika; Wentz, Elisabet and Råstam, Maria LU (2010) In Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 4(4). p.612-618
Abstract
Asperger syndrome (AS) and non-verbal learning disability (NLD) are both characterized by impairments in motor coordination, visuo-perceptual abilities, pragmatics and comprehension of language and social understanding. NLD is also defined as a learning disorder affecting functions in the right cerebral hemisphere. The present study

investigates if individuals with AS and a cognitive profile consistent with NLD (i.e. verbal IQ > performance IQ) would also have other problems inherent in NLD, visual memory and attention, reading/writing ability and arithmetic in the presence of preserved verbal memory and attention. Forty-four individuals with AS were assessed with a battery of neuropsychological tests. Reading/writing and... (More)
Asperger syndrome (AS) and non-verbal learning disability (NLD) are both characterized by impairments in motor coordination, visuo-perceptual abilities, pragmatics and comprehension of language and social understanding. NLD is also defined as a learning disorder affecting functions in the right cerebral hemisphere. The present study

investigates if individuals with AS and a cognitive profile consistent with NLD (i.e. verbal IQ > performance IQ) would also have other problems inherent in NLD, visual memory and attention, reading/writing ability and arithmetic in the presence of preserved verbal memory and attention. Forty-four individuals with AS were assessed with a battery of neuropsychological tests. Reading/writing and arithmetic abilities were investigated.

Education and global social adaptive levels were studied. Very few AS participants, even though with NLD cognitive profile showed problems with any of the neurocognitive abilities or academic achievements. However, all had poor global social adaptive functioning and few had paid employment, regardless of their cognitive profile. The present study suggests that AS and NLD are two different conditions even though some individuals in both groups have the verbal IQ > performance IQ profile that has been proposed to be typical of both AS and NLD. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Non-verbal learning disability, Asperger syndrome, Adults, Neuropsychology
in
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
volume
4
issue
4
pages
612 - 618
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000280343500008
  • scopus:77957561765
ISSN
1878-0237
DOI
10.1016/j.rasd.2009.12.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e293d3cf-6137-4925-a93f-30719a78086e (old id 1550689)
date added to LUP
2010-08-26 09:24:58
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:03:42
@article{e293d3cf-6137-4925-a93f-30719a78086e,
  abstract     = {Asperger syndrome (AS) and non-verbal learning disability (NLD) are both characterized by impairments in motor coordination, visuo-perceptual abilities, pragmatics and comprehension of language and social understanding. NLD is also defined as a learning disorder affecting functions in the right cerebral hemisphere. The present study<br/><br>
investigates if individuals with AS and a cognitive profile consistent with NLD (i.e. verbal IQ &gt; performance IQ) would also have other problems inherent in NLD, visual memory and attention, reading/writing ability and arithmetic in the presence of preserved verbal memory and attention. Forty-four individuals with AS were assessed with a battery of neuropsychological tests. Reading/writing and arithmetic abilities were investigated.<br/><br>
Education and global social adaptive levels were studied. Very few AS participants, even though with NLD cognitive profile showed problems with any of the neurocognitive abilities or academic achievements. However, all had poor global social adaptive functioning and few had paid employment, regardless of their cognitive profile. The present study suggests that AS and NLD are two different conditions even though some individuals in both groups have the verbal IQ &gt; performance IQ profile that has been proposed to be typical of both AS and NLD.},
  author       = {Nydén, Agneta and Niklasson, Lena and Ståhlberg, Ola and Anckarsäter, Henrik and Dahlgren-Sandberg, Annika and Wentz, Elisabet and Råstam, Maria},
  issn         = {1878-0237},
  keyword      = {Non-verbal learning disability,Asperger syndrome,Adults,Neuropsychology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {612--618},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders},
  title        = {Adults with Asperger syndrome with and without a cognitive profile associated with ‘‘non-verbal learning disability.’’ A brief report},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2009.12.004},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2010},
}