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Mechanism of (1)H-(14)N cross-relaxation in immobilized proteins.

Persson Sunde, Erik LU and Halle, Bertil LU (2010) In Journal of Magnetic Resonance 203(2). p.257-273
Abstract
A resonant enhancement of the water-(1)H relaxation rate at three distinct frequencies in the range 0.5-3MHz has been observed in a variety of aqueous biological systems. These so-called quadrupole (Q) peaks have been linked to a dipolar flip-flop polarization transfer from (1)H nuclei to rapidly relaxing amide (14)N nuclei in rotationally immobilized proteins. While the Q-peak frequencies conform to the known amide (14)N quadrupole coupling parameters, a molecular model that accounts for the intensity and shape of the Q peaks has not been available. Here, we present such a model and test it against an extensive set of Q-peak data from two fully hydrated crosslinked proteins under conditions of variable temperature, pH and H/D isotope... (More)
A resonant enhancement of the water-(1)H relaxation rate at three distinct frequencies in the range 0.5-3MHz has been observed in a variety of aqueous biological systems. These so-called quadrupole (Q) peaks have been linked to a dipolar flip-flop polarization transfer from (1)H nuclei to rapidly relaxing amide (14)N nuclei in rotationally immobilized proteins. While the Q-peak frequencies conform to the known amide (14)N quadrupole coupling parameters, a molecular model that accounts for the intensity and shape of the Q peaks has not been available. Here, we present such a model and test it against an extensive set of Q-peak data from two fully hydrated crosslinked proteins under conditions of variable temperature, pH and H/D isotope composition. We propose that polarization transfer from bulk water to amide (14)N occurs in three steps: from bulk water to a so-called intermediary proton via material diffusion/exchange, from intermediary to amide proton by cross-relaxation driven by exchange-mediated orientational randomization of their mutual dipole coupling, and from amide proton to (14)N by resonant dipolar relaxation 'of the second kind', driven by (14)N spin fluctuations, which, in turn, are induced by restricted rigid-body motions of the protein. An essentially equivalent description of the last step can be formulated in terms of coherent (1)H-->(14)N polarization transfer followed by fast (14)N relaxation. Using independent structural and kinetic information, we show that the Q peaks from these two proteins involve approximately 7 intermediary protons in internal water molecules and side-chain hydroxyl groups with residence times of order 10(-5)s. The model not only accounts quantitatively for the extensive data set, but also explains why Q peaks are hardly observed from gelatin gels. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Water relaxation, exchange, Hydrogen, Internal water, Quadrupolar dip, Polarization transfer
in
Journal of Magnetic Resonance
volume
203
issue
2
pages
257 - 273
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000276329700009
  • pmid:20163976
  • scopus:77949485739
ISSN
1096-0856
DOI
10.1016/j.jmr.2010.01.008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
16a53785-ed70-4f80-86ec-1b841fde2d9a (old id 1552555)
date added to LUP
2010-03-18 12:03:53
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:14:09
@article{16a53785-ed70-4f80-86ec-1b841fde2d9a,
  abstract     = {A resonant enhancement of the water-(1)H relaxation rate at three distinct frequencies in the range 0.5-3MHz has been observed in a variety of aqueous biological systems. These so-called quadrupole (Q) peaks have been linked to a dipolar flip-flop polarization transfer from (1)H nuclei to rapidly relaxing amide (14)N nuclei in rotationally immobilized proteins. While the Q-peak frequencies conform to the known amide (14)N quadrupole coupling parameters, a molecular model that accounts for the intensity and shape of the Q peaks has not been available. Here, we present such a model and test it against an extensive set of Q-peak data from two fully hydrated crosslinked proteins under conditions of variable temperature, pH and H/D isotope composition. We propose that polarization transfer from bulk water to amide (14)N occurs in three steps: from bulk water to a so-called intermediary proton via material diffusion/exchange, from intermediary to amide proton by cross-relaxation driven by exchange-mediated orientational randomization of their mutual dipole coupling, and from amide proton to (14)N by resonant dipolar relaxation 'of the second kind', driven by (14)N spin fluctuations, which, in turn, are induced by restricted rigid-body motions of the protein. An essentially equivalent description of the last step can be formulated in terms of coherent (1)H-->(14)N polarization transfer followed by fast (14)N relaxation. Using independent structural and kinetic information, we show that the Q peaks from these two proteins involve approximately 7 intermediary protons in internal water molecules and side-chain hydroxyl groups with residence times of order 10(-5)s. The model not only accounts quantitatively for the extensive data set, but also explains why Q peaks are hardly observed from gelatin gels.},
  author       = {Persson Sunde, Erik and Halle, Bertil},
  issn         = {1096-0856},
  keyword      = {Water relaxation,exchange,Hydrogen,Internal water,Quadrupolar dip,Polarization transfer},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {257--273},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Magnetic Resonance},
  title        = {Mechanism of (1)H-(14)N cross-relaxation in immobilized proteins.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2010.01.008},
  volume       = {203},
  year         = {2010},
}