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Transscleral visible/near-infrared spectroscopy for quantitative assessment of melanin in a uveal melanoma phantom of ex vivo porcine eyes

Krohn, Jorgen; Xu, Can LU ; Svenmarker, Pontus LU ; Khoptyar, Dmitry LU and Andersson-Engels, Stefan LU (2010) In Experimental Eye Research 90(2). p.330-336
Abstract
Optical spectroscopy has been used as a supplement to conventional techniques for analyzing and diagnosing cancer in many human organs. Because ocular tumors may be characterized by their different melanin content, we investigated the feasibility of using transscleral visible/near-infrared spectroscopy (Vis/NIRS) to estimate the quantity of melanin in a novel uveal melanoma phantom of ex vivo porcine eyes. The phantoms were made by injecting a freshly prepared suspension of 15% (wt/vol) gelatin, 10 mg/ml titanium dioxide (TiO2), and natural melanin, isolated from the ink sac of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), into the suprachoroidal space of 30 enucleated porcine eyes. The melanin concentrations used were 1 mg/ml, 2 mg/ml, and 3 mg/ml,... (More)
Optical spectroscopy has been used as a supplement to conventional techniques for analyzing and diagnosing cancer in many human organs. Because ocular tumors may be characterized by their different melanin content, we investigated the feasibility of using transscleral visible/near-infrared spectroscopy (Vis/NIRS) to estimate the quantity of melanin in a novel uveal melanoma phantom of ex vivo porcine eyes. The phantoms were made by injecting a freshly prepared suspension of 15% (wt/vol) gelatin, 10 mg/ml titanium dioxide (TiO2), and natural melanin, isolated from the ink sac of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), into the suprachoroidal space of 30 enucleated porcine eyes. The melanin concentrations used were 1 mg/ml, 2 mg/ml, and 3 mg/ml, with 10 eyes in each group. After gelation, the size and location of the phantoms were documented by B-scan ultrasonography and transillumination. Vis/NIRS recordings, covering the wavelength region from 550 to 1000 nm, were performed with two optical fibers separated by 6 mm to deliver and collect the light through the sclera. During all measurements, the exact pressure exerted by the fiber probe on the scleral surface was monitored by placing the eye on an electronic scale. Transscleral Vis/NIRS was performed across the phantom inclusion, as well as on the opposite (normal) side of each eye. A total of three consecutive measurements were carried out alternately on each side of the globe. The spectral data were analyzed using partial least squares regression. In the melanin concentration groups of 1 mg/ml (n = 10), 2 mg/ml (n = 10), and 3 mg/ml (n 10), the largest basal phantom diameters (mean +/- SD) were 14.9 +/- 1.6 mm, 14.6 +/- 1.5 mm, and 14.3 +/- 1.0 mm, respectively (p > 0.05). The largest phantom thicknesses (mean +/- SD) were 4.0 +/- 0.5 mm, 4.4 +/- 0.7 mm, and 4.5 +/- 0.5 mm, respectively (p > 0.05). Statistical regression modeling of the Vis/NIRS data revealed that it was possible to correctly classify the phantoms according to their melanin concentrations in 84.4% of cases. The correct classification rate for phantoms with the lowest (1 mg/ml) and highest (3 mg/ml) melanin concentrations was 99.2%. The study demonstrates that transscleral Vis/NIRS is a feasible and accurate method for predicting the content of melanin in choroidal lesions. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
phantom, melanin, uveal melanoma, near-infrared, spectroscopy, visible, model, porcine
in
Experimental Eye Research
volume
90
issue
2
pages
330 - 336
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000274639100020
  • scopus:77649192109
ISSN
0014-4835
DOI
10.1016/j.exer.2009.11.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
41374a9d-471f-4f47-b0ba-352a7b00203a (old id 1568590)
date added to LUP
2010-03-17 14:51:44
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:05:53
@article{41374a9d-471f-4f47-b0ba-352a7b00203a,
  abstract     = {Optical spectroscopy has been used as a supplement to conventional techniques for analyzing and diagnosing cancer in many human organs. Because ocular tumors may be characterized by their different melanin content, we investigated the feasibility of using transscleral visible/near-infrared spectroscopy (Vis/NIRS) to estimate the quantity of melanin in a novel uveal melanoma phantom of ex vivo porcine eyes. The phantoms were made by injecting a freshly prepared suspension of 15% (wt/vol) gelatin, 10 mg/ml titanium dioxide (TiO2), and natural melanin, isolated from the ink sac of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), into the suprachoroidal space of 30 enucleated porcine eyes. The melanin concentrations used were 1 mg/ml, 2 mg/ml, and 3 mg/ml, with 10 eyes in each group. After gelation, the size and location of the phantoms were documented by B-scan ultrasonography and transillumination. Vis/NIRS recordings, covering the wavelength region from 550 to 1000 nm, were performed with two optical fibers separated by 6 mm to deliver and collect the light through the sclera. During all measurements, the exact pressure exerted by the fiber probe on the scleral surface was monitored by placing the eye on an electronic scale. Transscleral Vis/NIRS was performed across the phantom inclusion, as well as on the opposite (normal) side of each eye. A total of three consecutive measurements were carried out alternately on each side of the globe. The spectral data were analyzed using partial least squares regression. In the melanin concentration groups of 1 mg/ml (n = 10), 2 mg/ml (n = 10), and 3 mg/ml (n 10), the largest basal phantom diameters (mean +/- SD) were 14.9 +/- 1.6 mm, 14.6 +/- 1.5 mm, and 14.3 +/- 1.0 mm, respectively (p > 0.05). The largest phantom thicknesses (mean +/- SD) were 4.0 +/- 0.5 mm, 4.4 +/- 0.7 mm, and 4.5 +/- 0.5 mm, respectively (p > 0.05). Statistical regression modeling of the Vis/NIRS data revealed that it was possible to correctly classify the phantoms according to their melanin concentrations in 84.4% of cases. The correct classification rate for phantoms with the lowest (1 mg/ml) and highest (3 mg/ml) melanin concentrations was 99.2%. The study demonstrates that transscleral Vis/NIRS is a feasible and accurate method for predicting the content of melanin in choroidal lesions. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Krohn, Jorgen and Xu, Can and Svenmarker, Pontus and Khoptyar, Dmitry and Andersson-Engels, Stefan},
  issn         = {0014-4835},
  keyword      = {phantom,melanin,uveal melanoma,near-infrared,spectroscopy,visible,model,porcine},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {330--336},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Experimental Eye Research},
  title        = {Transscleral visible/near-infrared spectroscopy for quantitative assessment of melanin in a uveal melanoma phantom of ex vivo porcine eyes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2009.11.010},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2010},
}