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The Estonian forest sector in transition to sustainability? Capturing sustainability with the help of integrated assessment

Urbel, Evelin LU (2010) In Meddelanden from Lund universitets geografiska institution. Avhandlingar 189.
Abstract
This thesis has two main objectives. The first is to analyse the potential of existing assessment tools and methods to incorporate the different dimensions of sustainability in an assessment. The second is to apply some of these tools in a case study in order to determine how forest sector can better contribute to sustainable development in Estonia. The first aim is addressed in a theoretical section that provides an overview and categorization of the existing tools and methods for assessing sustainability. In the case study a transition analysis of the forest sector’s development over the last 20 years is performed together with a stakeholder analysis to determine the potential for improvements. Furthermore, a scenario analysis using a... (More)
This thesis has two main objectives. The first is to analyse the potential of existing assessment tools and methods to incorporate the different dimensions of sustainability in an assessment. The second is to apply some of these tools in a case study in order to determine how forest sector can better contribute to sustainable development in Estonia. The first aim is addressed in a theoretical section that provides an overview and categorization of the existing tools and methods for assessing sustainability. In the case study a transition analysis of the forest sector’s development over the last 20 years is performed together with a stakeholder analysis to determine the potential for improvements. Furthermore, a scenario analysis using a computer simulation in a life cycle perspective is performed to determine the sustainability impacts of the two sustainable forestry visions defined by Estonian forest stakeholders. The results revealed that even though the majority of tools and methods are non-integrated and thus not suitable for assessing sustainability in its broad sense, they can be combined in order to gain increased coverage of a variety of scales and integration of wider range of domains. Transition analysis revealed that Estonian forest sector has undergone rapid economic development with strong pressure on environment. There has also been a considerable drop in economic profitability, but an increase in sustainability-oriented initiatives. The modelling results revealed that current definition of sustainable forestry leads to a continuous separation of environmental and socio-economic aspects. It can be concluded that the Estonian forest sector faces two main sustainability challenges a) increasing the sustainability in private forests, and b) balancing the duality embedded in the definition of sustainable forestry applied in Estonia. Increasing certification, improving the woodland key habitat contracting system, empowering the non-harvesting private forest owners, identification of the needs and preferences of forest owners, a concretisation of the sustainable forestry definition, and implementation of clear, measurable long-term goals together with periodic assessment of progress toward sustainability are some of the suggestions proposed to increase the sustainability in the forest sector. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Weaver, Paul, University of Durham, UK
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Estonia, forest sector, transition analysis, sustainability assessment, scenario analysis, stakeholder analysis
in
Meddelanden from Lund universitets geografiska institution. Avhandlingar
volume
189
pages
140 pages
publisher
Lund University
defense location
Geocentrum I, Sölvegatan 10, Lund
defense date
2010-04-30 10:00
external identifiers
  • scopus:77952976938
ISSN
0346-6787
ISBN
978-91-976521-8-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0834fc80-b741-4c7c-8a63-651011f0b4b7 (old id 1584457)
date added to LUP
2010-04-09 15:31:32
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:55:56
@phdthesis{0834fc80-b741-4c7c-8a63-651011f0b4b7,
  abstract     = {This thesis has two main objectives. The first is to analyse the potential of existing assessment tools and methods to incorporate the different dimensions of sustainability in an assessment. The second is to apply some of these tools in a case study in order to determine how forest sector can better contribute to sustainable development in Estonia. The first aim is addressed in a theoretical section that provides an overview and categorization of the existing tools and methods for assessing sustainability. In the case study a transition analysis of the forest sector’s development over the last 20 years is performed together with a stakeholder analysis to determine the potential for improvements. Furthermore, a scenario analysis using a computer simulation in a life cycle perspective is performed to determine the sustainability impacts of the two sustainable forestry visions defined by Estonian forest stakeholders. The results revealed that even though the majority of tools and methods are non-integrated and thus not suitable for assessing sustainability in its broad sense, they can be combined in order to gain increased coverage of a variety of scales and integration of wider range of domains. Transition analysis revealed that Estonian forest sector has undergone rapid economic development with strong pressure on environment. There has also been a considerable drop in economic profitability, but an increase in sustainability-oriented initiatives. The modelling results revealed that current definition of sustainable forestry leads to a continuous separation of environmental and socio-economic aspects. It can be concluded that the Estonian forest sector faces two main sustainability challenges a) increasing the sustainability in private forests, and b) balancing the duality embedded in the definition of sustainable forestry applied in Estonia. Increasing certification, improving the woodland key habitat contracting system, empowering the non-harvesting private forest owners, identification of the needs and preferences of forest owners, a concretisation of the sustainable forestry definition, and implementation of clear, measurable long-term goals together with periodic assessment of progress toward sustainability are some of the suggestions proposed to increase the sustainability in the forest sector.},
  author       = {Urbel, Evelin},
  isbn         = {978-91-976521-8-6},
  issn         = {0346-6787},
  keyword      = {Estonia,forest sector,transition analysis,sustainability assessment,scenario analysis,stakeholder analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {140},
  publisher    = {Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Meddelanden from Lund universitets geografiska institution. Avhandlingar},
  title        = {The Estonian forest sector in transition to sustainability? Capturing sustainability with the help of integrated assessment},
  volume       = {189},
  year         = {2010},
}