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Adults with autism spectrum disorders and ADHD neuropshychological aspects

Nydén, Agneta; Niklasson, Lena; Ståhlberg, Ola; Anckarsäter, Henrik LU ; Wentz, Elisabet; Råstam, Maria LU and Gillberg, Christopher (2010) In Research in Developmental Disabilities 31(6). p.1659-1668
Abstract
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of neuropsychological deficits appear to be most commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. The effect of the combination of ASD with ADHD (ASD/ADHD) was also studied. Methods: One hundred and sixty-one adult individuals (≥ 18 years of age) were included in the study. None had full scale IQ less than 71. The neuropsychological investigations included measures of intellectual ability, learning and memory, attention/executive function and theory of mind. Results: The three diagnostic groups showed reduced performances in most cognitive domains examined. However within these domains differentiating... (More)
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of neuropsychological deficits appear to be most commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. The effect of the combination of ASD with ADHD (ASD/ADHD) was also studied. Methods: One hundred and sixty-one adult individuals (≥ 18 years of age) were included in the study. None had full scale IQ less than 71. The neuropsychological investigations included measures of intellectual ability, learning and memory, attention/executive function and theory of mind. Results: The three diagnostic groups showed reduced performances in most cognitive domains examined. However within these domains differentiating distinct features could be seen. The dysfunctions of the ASD/ADHD group can not be seen as a summary of the dysfunctions of the ASD and ADHD groups together. The ADHD group seem to be the most affected one. Conclusions: No domain-specific deficit typical of any of the group was seen. The aetiology of the ASD/ADHD group ought to be studied. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adults, neuropsychology, autism, Asperger syndrome, ADHD
in
Research in Developmental Disabilities
volume
31
issue
6
pages
1659 - 1668
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000283343000067
  • scopus:77957122534
ISSN
1873-3379
DOI
10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
569b448f-7c6f-4e5b-a3f7-68bebd08bdee (old id 1600380)
date added to LUP
2010-12-03 14:38:07
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:54:15
@article{569b448f-7c6f-4e5b-a3f7-68bebd08bdee,
  abstract     = {Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of neuropsychological deficits appear to be most commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. The effect of the combination of ASD with ADHD (ASD/ADHD) was also studied. Methods: One hundred and sixty-one adult individuals (≥ 18 years of age) were included in the study. None had full scale IQ less than 71. The neuropsychological investigations included measures of intellectual ability, learning and memory, attention/executive function and theory of mind. Results: The three diagnostic groups showed reduced performances in most cognitive domains examined. However within these domains differentiating distinct features could be seen. The dysfunctions of the ASD/ADHD group can not be seen as a summary of the dysfunctions of the ASD and ADHD groups together. The ADHD group seem to be the most affected one. Conclusions: No domain-specific deficit typical of any of the group was seen. The aetiology of the ASD/ADHD group ought to be studied.},
  author       = {Nydén, Agneta and Niklasson, Lena and Ståhlberg, Ola and Anckarsäter, Henrik and Wentz, Elisabet and Råstam, Maria and Gillberg, Christopher},
  issn         = {1873-3379},
  keyword      = {adults,neuropsychology,autism,Asperger syndrome,ADHD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1659--1668},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research in Developmental Disabilities},
  title        = {Adults with autism spectrum disorders and ADHD neuropshychological aspects},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.010},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2010},
}