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Numerical modelling of resolution and sensitivity of ERT in horizontal boreholes

Danielsen, Berit Ensted LU and Dahlin, Torleif LU (2010) In Journal of Applied Geophysics 70(3). p.245-254
Abstract
Resistivity in horizontal boreholes can give useful detailed information about the geological conditions for construction in rock, i.e. in front of a tunnel bore machine. This paper is an attempt to identify a suitable methodology for an effective measuring routine for this type of geophysical measurements under actual construction site conditions. Prior to any measurements numerical modelling was done in order to evaluate the resolution of different electrode arrays. Four different arrays were tested; dipole-pole, cross-hole dipole-dipole, cross-hole pole-tripole and multiple gradient array. Additionally the resolution of a combination of cross-hole dipole-dipole and multiple gradient was assessed. The 2D sensitivity patterns for various... (More)
Resistivity in horizontal boreholes can give useful detailed information about the geological conditions for construction in rock, i.e. in front of a tunnel bore machine. This paper is an attempt to identify a suitable methodology for an effective measuring routine for this type of geophysical measurements under actual construction site conditions. Prior to any measurements numerical modelling was done in order to evaluate the resolution of different electrode arrays. Four different arrays were tested; dipole-pole, cross-hole dipole-dipole, cross-hole pole-tripole and multiple gradient array. Additionally the resolution of a combination of cross-hole dipole-dipole and multiple gradient was assessed. The 2D sensitivity patterns for various arrangements of the cross-hole dipole-dipole and multiple gradient array were examined. The sensitivity towards inaccurate borehole geometry and the influence of water in the boreholes were also investigated. Based on the model study the cross-hole dipole-dipole array, multiple gradient array and a combination of these were found to give the best result and therefore were used for test measurements in horizontal boreholes. The boreholes were 28.5 m long and drilled 6.5 m apart. Prototypes of semi-rigid borehole cables made it possible to insert multi electrode cables in an efficient way, allowing fast measurement routines. These measurements were then studied to determine their accuracy and applicability. The results showed a high resistivity rock mass at the site. A transition from high resistivity to slightly lower resistivity coincides well with a change in lithology from gneiss-granite to gneiss. It is likely that the shotcrete on the tunnel wall is seen as a low resistivity zone. The measurements are a valuable tool, but further development of the cables and streamlining of measuring routines have to be performed before the resistivity tomography can be used routinely in pilot holes during construction in rocks. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Water filled boreholes, Non-parallel, patterns, 2D sensitivity, Arrays, Numerical modelling, ERT, Horizontal boreholes
in
Journal of Applied Geophysics
volume
70
issue
3
pages
245 - 254
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000276417700007
  • scopus:77958198232
ISSN
0926-9851
DOI
10.1016/j.jappgeo.2010.01.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d6b453a2-f12b-47ba-be11-46708555e04f (old id 1603848)
date added to LUP
2010-05-17 14:06:50
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:03:03
@article{d6b453a2-f12b-47ba-be11-46708555e04f,
  abstract     = {Resistivity in horizontal boreholes can give useful detailed information about the geological conditions for construction in rock, i.e. in front of a tunnel bore machine. This paper is an attempt to identify a suitable methodology for an effective measuring routine for this type of geophysical measurements under actual construction site conditions. Prior to any measurements numerical modelling was done in order to evaluate the resolution of different electrode arrays. Four different arrays were tested; dipole-pole, cross-hole dipole-dipole, cross-hole pole-tripole and multiple gradient array. Additionally the resolution of a combination of cross-hole dipole-dipole and multiple gradient was assessed. The 2D sensitivity patterns for various arrangements of the cross-hole dipole-dipole and multiple gradient array were examined. The sensitivity towards inaccurate borehole geometry and the influence of water in the boreholes were also investigated. Based on the model study the cross-hole dipole-dipole array, multiple gradient array and a combination of these were found to give the best result and therefore were used for test measurements in horizontal boreholes. The boreholes were 28.5 m long and drilled 6.5 m apart. Prototypes of semi-rigid borehole cables made it possible to insert multi electrode cables in an efficient way, allowing fast measurement routines. These measurements were then studied to determine their accuracy and applicability. The results showed a high resistivity rock mass at the site. A transition from high resistivity to slightly lower resistivity coincides well with a change in lithology from gneiss-granite to gneiss. It is likely that the shotcrete on the tunnel wall is seen as a low resistivity zone. The measurements are a valuable tool, but further development of the cables and streamlining of measuring routines have to be performed before the resistivity tomography can be used routinely in pilot holes during construction in rocks. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Danielsen, Berit Ensted and Dahlin, Torleif},
  issn         = {0926-9851},
  keyword      = {Water filled boreholes,Non-parallel,patterns,2D sensitivity,Arrays,Numerical modelling,ERT,Horizontal boreholes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {245--254},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Applied Geophysics},
  title        = {Numerical modelling of resolution and sensitivity of ERT in horizontal boreholes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jappgeo.2010.01.005},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2010},
}