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Psychosocial working conditions and exhaustion in a working population sample of Swedish middle-aged men and women.

Lindeberg, Sara LU ; Rosvall, Maria LU ; Choi, Bongkyoo; Canivet, Catarina LU ; Isacsson, Sven-Olof LU ; Karasek, Robert and Östergren, Per-Olof LU (2011) In European Journal of Public Health 21. p.190-196
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Exhaustion is a concept of interest for both occupational health research and stress-disease theory research. The aim of the present study was to explore associations between chronic stressors, in terms of psychosocial working conditions, and exhaustion in a Swedish middle-aged population sample. METHODS: A vocationally active population sample of the Malmö Shoulder and Neck Study cohort, comprising 2555 men and 2466 women between 45 and 64 years of age, was used. Psychosocial working conditions, assessed by means of the demand-control-support model, were measured longitudinally with a 1-year interval. Exhaustion was assessed by the SF-36 vitality scale and measured at follow-up, yielding a cross-sectional study design.... (More)
BACKGROUND: Exhaustion is a concept of interest for both occupational health research and stress-disease theory research. The aim of the present study was to explore associations between chronic stressors, in terms of psychosocial working conditions, and exhaustion in a Swedish middle-aged population sample. METHODS: A vocationally active population sample of the Malmö Shoulder and Neck Study cohort, comprising 2555 men and 2466 women between 45 and 64 years of age, was used. Psychosocial working conditions, assessed by means of the demand-control-support model, were measured longitudinally with a 1-year interval. Exhaustion was assessed by the SF-36 vitality scale and measured at follow-up, yielding a cross-sectional study design. RESULTS: Exhaustion was twice as common in women as in men. High psychological job demands, low job control and low job support were independently associated with exhaustion in both men and women. These associations remained after controlling for a variety of potential confounders and mediators, including socio-demographic factors, lifestyle factors, musculoskeletal pain, disease, other work-related factors (including physical workload) and non-work-related factors. High demands in combination with low control (job strain), and job strain combined with low job support (iso-strain), increased the risk for exhaustion. CONCLUSION: Psychosocial working conditions seem to contribute to exhaustion in middle-aged men and women. Future research should include exploration of exhaustion as a possible mediator between work stress and disease, as well as exploration of other chronic stressors, including non-work-related stressors, regarding their effects on exhaustion in men and women. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Public Health
volume
21
pages
190 - 196
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000288806600013
  • pmid:20504950
  • scopus:79953174597
ISSN
1101-1262
DOI
10.1093/eurpub/ckq039
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
28c318fe-957c-4a9a-a2eb-d1649b3093c9 (old id 1609894)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20504950?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-06-02 11:25:21
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:52:46
@article{28c318fe-957c-4a9a-a2eb-d1649b3093c9,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Exhaustion is a concept of interest for both occupational health research and stress-disease theory research. The aim of the present study was to explore associations between chronic stressors, in terms of psychosocial working conditions, and exhaustion in a Swedish middle-aged population sample. METHODS: A vocationally active population sample of the Malmö Shoulder and Neck Study cohort, comprising 2555 men and 2466 women between 45 and 64 years of age, was used. Psychosocial working conditions, assessed by means of the demand-control-support model, were measured longitudinally with a 1-year interval. Exhaustion was assessed by the SF-36 vitality scale and measured at follow-up, yielding a cross-sectional study design. RESULTS: Exhaustion was twice as common in women as in men. High psychological job demands, low job control and low job support were independently associated with exhaustion in both men and women. These associations remained after controlling for a variety of potential confounders and mediators, including socio-demographic factors, lifestyle factors, musculoskeletal pain, disease, other work-related factors (including physical workload) and non-work-related factors. High demands in combination with low control (job strain), and job strain combined with low job support (iso-strain), increased the risk for exhaustion. CONCLUSION: Psychosocial working conditions seem to contribute to exhaustion in middle-aged men and women. Future research should include exploration of exhaustion as a possible mediator between work stress and disease, as well as exploration of other chronic stressors, including non-work-related stressors, regarding their effects on exhaustion in men and women.},
  author       = {Lindeberg, Sara and Rosvall, Maria and Choi, Bongkyoo and Canivet, Catarina and Isacsson, Sven-Olof and Karasek, Robert and Östergren, Per-Olof},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {190--196},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {European Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Psychosocial working conditions and exhaustion in a working population sample of Swedish middle-aged men and women.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckq039},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2011},
}