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Fæstninger, magasiner og symboler - Østersøens flertydige kirker

Wienberg, Jes LU (2000) In META: Medeltidsarkeologisk tidskrift p.26-58
Abstract
Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence... (More)
Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors. (Less)
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author
organization
alternative title
Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Medieval churches, crusades
in
META: Medeltidsarkeologisk tidskrift
issue
4
pages
26 - 58
publisher
Medeltidsarkeologiska föreningen
ISSN
0348-7903
language
Danish
LU publication?
yes
id
87edcf59-3d11-4756-978f-9606672d9501 (old id 161533)
date added to LUP
2007-07-25 15:45:11
date last changed
2016-06-17 20:28:48
@article{87edcf59-3d11-4756-978f-9606672d9501,
  abstract     = {Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors.},
  author       = {Wienberg, Jes},
  issn         = {0348-7903},
  keyword      = {Medieval churches,crusades},
  language     = {dan},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {26--58},
  publisher    = {Medeltidsarkeologiska föreningen},
  series       = {META: Medeltidsarkeologisk tidskrift},
  title        = {Fæstninger, magasiner og symboler - Østersøens flertydige kirker},
  year         = {2000},
}