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Respiratory Symptoms among Waste-Picking Child Laborers A Cross-Sectional Study

Hernandez, Danilo LU ; Oudin, Anna LU ; Strömberg, Ulf LU ; Karlsson, Jan-Eric LU ; Welinder, Hans LU ; Sequeira, Gustavo; Blanco, Luis; Jimenez, Mario; Sanchez, Felix and Albin, Maria LU (2010) In International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health 16(2). p.124-135
Abstract
This study evaluates respiratory symptoms, lung function, and exposure to airborne particles among waste-picking children. We enrolled 103 waste-picking children at a dump in Managua, Nicaragua and 103 children who do not pick waste. Exposure to airborne particles was assessed by area sampling. Health data were obtained from a questionnaire, clinical examination, and spirometry. Exposure effects were evaluated with multivariate regression analysis. Exposure to particles exceeded national and international standards. Wheezing among children was related to exposure status, with waste-picking children who are both "never highly exposed" and "ever highly exposed" having greater prevalence of wheezing compared to the children who do not pick... (More)
This study evaluates respiratory symptoms, lung function, and exposure to airborne particles among waste-picking children. We enrolled 103 waste-picking children at a dump in Managua, Nicaragua and 103 children who do not pick waste. Exposure to airborne particles was assessed by area sampling. Health data were obtained from a questionnaire, clinical examination, and spirometry. Exposure effects were evaluated with multivariate regression analysis. Exposure to particles exceeded national and international standards. Wheezing among children was related to exposure status, with waste-picking children who are both "never highly exposed" and "ever highly exposed" having greater prevalence of wheezing compared to the children who do not pick waste. FEV1 among "ever highly exposed" waste-picking children with wheeze was 13% lower than non-waste-picking children with wheeze. Exposure to small particles was unacceptably high and associated with wheeze and decreased lung function. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
waste-picking, lung volumes, allergy, asthma, child labor, wheeze, particles, Managua, Nicaragua
in
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
volume
16
issue
2
pages
124 - 135
publisher
Abel Publication Services
external identifiers
  • wos:000277343600004
  • scopus:77950811245
ISSN
1077-3525
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
652d7c7e-ac76-4533-8a23-0d595dbe2898 (old id 1618460)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20465057
date added to LUP
2010-06-22 08:33:11
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:32:31
@article{652d7c7e-ac76-4533-8a23-0d595dbe2898,
  abstract     = {This study evaluates respiratory symptoms, lung function, and exposure to airborne particles among waste-picking children. We enrolled 103 waste-picking children at a dump in Managua, Nicaragua and 103 children who do not pick waste. Exposure to airborne particles was assessed by area sampling. Health data were obtained from a questionnaire, clinical examination, and spirometry. Exposure effects were evaluated with multivariate regression analysis. Exposure to particles exceeded national and international standards. Wheezing among children was related to exposure status, with waste-picking children who are both "never highly exposed" and "ever highly exposed" having greater prevalence of wheezing compared to the children who do not pick waste. FEV1 among "ever highly exposed" waste-picking children with wheeze was 13% lower than non-waste-picking children with wheeze. Exposure to small particles was unacceptably high and associated with wheeze and decreased lung function.},
  author       = {Hernandez, Danilo and Oudin, Anna and Strömberg, Ulf and Karlsson, Jan-Eric and Welinder, Hans and Sequeira, Gustavo and Blanco, Luis and Jimenez, Mario and Sanchez, Felix and Albin, Maria},
  issn         = {1077-3525},
  keyword      = {waste-picking,lung volumes,allergy,asthma,child labor,wheeze,particles,Managua,Nicaragua},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {124--135},
  publisher    = {Abel Publication Services},
  series       = {International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  title        = {Respiratory Symptoms among Waste-Picking Child Laborers A Cross-Sectional Study},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2010},
}