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The development of generic maDur/man for the construction of discourse stance in Icelandic and Swedish

Strömqvist, Sven LU and Ragnarsdóttir, Hrafnhildur (2005) In Journal of Pragmatics 37(2). p.143-155
Abstract
The paper compares two lexical items, Icelandic ma@?ur and Swedish man, for the construction of a detached, general discourse stance (Berman, Ragnarsdottir and Stromqvist, 2002). Both forms mean 'man', but they can also be used in a generic sense. In that usage, Icelandic ma@?ur is associated with several semantic, pragmatic, and stylistic constraints, whereas Swedish man is more freely applicable across contexts and genres. Data derived from 632 discourse tokens produced by 158 subjects were analyzed, focusing on frequency distributions of generic usages of ma@?ur/man with respect to age (10-11, 13-14, 16-17 years, adults), genre (narrative, expository), modality (speaking, writing), and language (Icelandic, Swedish). Both Icelandic and... (More)
The paper compares two lexical items, Icelandic ma@?ur and Swedish man, for the construction of a detached, general discourse stance (Berman, Ragnarsdottir and Stromqvist, 2002). Both forms mean 'man', but they can also be used in a generic sense. In that usage, Icelandic ma@?ur is associated with several semantic, pragmatic, and stylistic constraints, whereas Swedish man is more freely applicable across contexts and genres. Data derived from 632 discourse tokens produced by 158 subjects were analyzed, focusing on frequency distributions of generic usages of ma@?ur/man with respect to age (10-11, 13-14, 16-17 years, adults), genre (narrative, expository), modality (speaking, writing), and language (Icelandic, Swedish). Both Icelandic and Swedish revealed a clear preference for using maDur/man in expository discourse, a finding which validates the assumption that these terms play a role in the construction of a depersonalized, general discourse stance. Further, Swedish man was used considerably more frequently than Icelandic ma@?ur, a finding which is explained as due to the difference in the constraints restricting the domain of use of the apparently equivalent term in the two languages. By and large, two main factors were found to underlie the distributions of maDur/man: general socio-cognitive development and culturally specific stylistic constraints. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Expository, Generic pronouns, Discourse stance, Narrative, Later language development, Scandinavian languages
in
Journal of Pragmatics
volume
37
issue
2
pages
143 - 155
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000225517000004
  • scopus:9144256897
ISSN
0378-2166
DOI
10.1016/j.pragma.2004.08.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c7112774-280b-471c-9a9d-b03e99516b53 (old id 161921)
date added to LUP
2007-07-27 16:23:51
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:36:55
@article{c7112774-280b-471c-9a9d-b03e99516b53,
  abstract     = {The paper compares two lexical items, Icelandic ma@?ur and Swedish man, for the construction of a detached, general discourse stance (Berman, Ragnarsdottir and Stromqvist, 2002). Both forms mean 'man', but they can also be used in a generic sense. In that usage, Icelandic ma@?ur is associated with several semantic, pragmatic, and stylistic constraints, whereas Swedish man is more freely applicable across contexts and genres. Data derived from 632 discourse tokens produced by 158 subjects were analyzed, focusing on frequency distributions of generic usages of ma@?ur/man with respect to age (10-11, 13-14, 16-17 years, adults), genre (narrative, expository), modality (speaking, writing), and language (Icelandic, Swedish). Both Icelandic and Swedish revealed a clear preference for using maDur/man in expository discourse, a finding which validates the assumption that these terms play a role in the construction of a depersonalized, general discourse stance. Further, Swedish man was used considerably more frequently than Icelandic ma@?ur, a finding which is explained as due to the difference in the constraints restricting the domain of use of the apparently equivalent term in the two languages. By and large, two main factors were found to underlie the distributions of maDur/man: general socio-cognitive development and culturally specific stylistic constraints.},
  author       = {Strömqvist, Sven and Ragnarsdóttir, Hrafnhildur},
  issn         = {0378-2166},
  keyword      = {Expository,Generic pronouns,Discourse stance,Narrative,Later language development,Scandinavian languages},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {143--155},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Pragmatics},
  title        = {The development of generic maDur/man for the construction of discourse stance in Icelandic and Swedish},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2004.08.007},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2005},
}