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Design Exemplars for Synchronous E-Learning: A Design Theory Approach

Hrastinski, Stefan LU ; Christina, Keller and Carlsson, Sven LU (2010) In Computers & Education 55. p.652-662
Abstract
Synchronous e-learning has received much less research attention, as compared with asynchronous e-learning. Practitioners that consider using and designing synchronous e-learning are in urgent need of guidance. In order to address this need, we propose design exemplars for synchronous e-learning. They are directed towards a primary constituent community of teachers, administrators, managers and developers of e-learning. The exemplars have been theoretically as well as empirically grounded through cross-case analyses of studies conducted between 2003 and 2006. Moreover, the exemplars have been evaluated by conducting focus group sessions with experienced practitioners having experience of using and developing e-learning. Strong support was... (More)
Synchronous e-learning has received much less research attention, as compared with asynchronous e-learning. Practitioners that consider using and designing synchronous e-learning are in urgent need of guidance. In order to address this need, we propose design exemplars for synchronous e-learning. They are directed towards a primary constituent community of teachers, administrators, managers and developers of e-learning. The exemplars have been theoretically as well as empirically grounded through cross-case analyses of studies conducted between 2003 and 2006. Moreover, the exemplars have been evaluated by conducting focus group sessions with experienced practitioners having experience of using and developing e-learning. Strong support was identified for each design exemplar. The exemplars can be used as research hypotheses and be tested in future design research. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Synchronous e-learning, Design exemplars, Design research, Design evaluation
in
Computers & Education
volume
55
pages
652 - 662
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000279137800019
  • scopus:77953322924
ISSN
0360-1315
DOI
10.1016/j.compedu.2010.02.025
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
22477600-7bc1-423a-94eb-054bb4009488 (old id 1620605)
date added to LUP
2010-06-21 12:54:25
date last changed
2018-07-15 03:48:46
@article{22477600-7bc1-423a-94eb-054bb4009488,
  abstract     = {Synchronous e-learning has received much less research attention, as compared with asynchronous e-learning. Practitioners that consider using and designing synchronous e-learning are in urgent need of guidance. In order to address this need, we propose design exemplars for synchronous e-learning. They are directed towards a primary constituent community of teachers, administrators, managers and developers of e-learning. The exemplars have been theoretically as well as empirically grounded through cross-case analyses of studies conducted between 2003 and 2006. Moreover, the exemplars have been evaluated by conducting focus group sessions with experienced practitioners having experience of using and developing e-learning. Strong support was identified for each design exemplar. The exemplars can be used as research hypotheses and be tested in future design research.},
  author       = {Hrastinski, Stefan and Christina, Keller and Carlsson, Sven},
  issn         = {0360-1315},
  keyword      = {Synchronous e-learning,Design exemplars,Design research,Design evaluation},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {652--662},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Computers & Education},
  title        = {Design Exemplars for Synchronous E-Learning: A Design Theory Approach},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.02.025},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2010},
}