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A theoretical framework for the study of adult cognitive plasticity

Lövdén, Martin LU ; Bäckman, Lars; Lindenberger, Ulman; Schaefer, Sabine and Schmiedek, Florian (2010) In Psychological Bulletin 136(4). p.659-676
Abstract
Does plasticity contribute to adult cognitive development, and if so, in what ways? The vague and overused concept of plasticity makes these controversial questions difficult to answer. In this article, we refine the notion of adult cognitive plasticity and sharpen its conceptual distinctiveness. According to our framework, adult cognitive plasticity is driven by a prolonged mismatch between functional organismic supplies and environmental demands and denotes the brain's capacity for anatomically implementing reactive changes in behavioral flexibility (i.e., the possible range of performance and function). We distinguish between 2 interconnected but distinct cognitive outcomes of adult cognitive plasticity: alterations in processing... (More)
Does plasticity contribute to adult cognitive development, and if so, in what ways? The vague and overused concept of plasticity makes these controversial questions difficult to answer. In this article, we refine the notion of adult cognitive plasticity and sharpen its conceptual distinctiveness. According to our framework, adult cognitive plasticity is driven by a prolonged mismatch between functional organismic supplies and environmental demands and denotes the brain's capacity for anatomically implementing reactive changes in behavioral flexibility (i.e., the possible range of performance and function). We distinguish between 2 interconnected but distinct cognitive outcomes of adult cognitive plasticity: alterations in processing efficiency and alterations in representations. We demonstrate the usefulness of our framework in evaluating and interpreting (a) increments in frontal brain activations in the course of normal aging and (b) the effects of cognitive training in adulthood and old age. Finally, we outline new research questions and predictions generated by the present framework and recommend design features for future cognitive-training studies. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Psychological Bulletin
volume
136
issue
4
pages
659 - 676
publisher
American Psychological Association (APA)
external identifiers
  • wos:000279187100009
  • scopus:77954169116
ISSN
1939-1455
DOI
10.1037/a0020080
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9e55fa2e-2712-42a4-aec0-dfb59748289d (old id 1625886)
alternative location
http://resolver.scholarsportal.info/resolve/00332909/v136i0004/659_atfftsoacp
date added to LUP
2010-08-25 15:19:41
date last changed
2018-07-15 03:54:24
@article{9e55fa2e-2712-42a4-aec0-dfb59748289d,
  abstract     = {Does plasticity contribute to adult cognitive development, and if so, in what ways? The vague and overused concept of plasticity makes these controversial questions difficult to answer. In this article, we refine the notion of adult cognitive plasticity and sharpen its conceptual distinctiveness. According to our framework, adult cognitive plasticity is driven by a prolonged mismatch between functional organismic supplies and environmental demands and denotes the brain's capacity for anatomically implementing reactive changes in behavioral flexibility (i.e., the possible range of performance and function). We distinguish between 2 interconnected but distinct cognitive outcomes of adult cognitive plasticity: alterations in processing efficiency and alterations in representations. We demonstrate the usefulness of our framework in evaluating and interpreting (a) increments in frontal brain activations in the course of normal aging and (b) the effects of cognitive training in adulthood and old age. Finally, we outline new research questions and predictions generated by the present framework and recommend design features for future cognitive-training studies.},
  author       = {Lövdén, Martin and Bäckman, Lars and Lindenberger, Ulman and Schaefer, Sabine and Schmiedek, Florian},
  issn         = {1939-1455},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {659--676},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association (APA)},
  series       = {Psychological Bulletin},
  title        = {A theoretical framework for the study of adult cognitive plasticity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0020080},
  volume       = {136},
  year         = {2010},
}