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Social support at work and the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in women and men.

André-Petersson, Lena LU ; Engström, Gunnar LU ; Hedblad, Bo LU ; Janzon, Lars LU and Rosvall, Maria LU (2007) In Social Science and Medicine 64(4). p.830-841
Abstract
It has been proposed that lack of social support in a work place characterized by high levels of stress, may increase the likelihood of future cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the prospective impact of social support at work in combination with self-reported work stress on incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in a cohort of 4707 women (mean age: 54.2 years) and 3063 men (mean age: 55.5 years) in Malmo, Sweden. The results are based oil self-reports of work-related stress and social support collected at baseline examinations between the years 1992 and 1996. Work-stress was operationalized according to the Karasek job strain model. Data on incidence of NIL and stroke were obtained from national and... (More)
It has been proposed that lack of social support in a work place characterized by high levels of stress, may increase the likelihood of future cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the prospective impact of social support at work in combination with self-reported work stress on incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in a cohort of 4707 women (mean age: 54.2 years) and 3063 men (mean age: 55.5 years) in Malmo, Sweden. The results are based oil self-reports of work-related stress and social support collected at baseline examinations between the years 1992 and 1996. Work-stress was operationalized according to the Karasek job strain model. Data on incidence of NIL and stroke were obtained from national and regional registers. At the end of follow-up, December 31, 2001, 38 women had experienced an MI and 53 had had a stroke. Corresponding figures for men were 114 MIs and 81 strokes. The first finding was that social support at work was an independent predictor of an M I and stroke among women. The second finding was that there was no evidence to support the iso-strain model. The third finding was that low levels of social support at work together with a passive work situation indicated an increased risk of a future cardiovascular outcome (NI I or stroke) during follow-up in the female group. In men, no association was found between any psychosocial work conditions and incidence of MI or stroke during the same follow-up period. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Social Science and Medicine
volume
64
issue
4
pages
830 - 841
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000244237100009
  • scopus:33846123039
ISSN
1873-5347
DOI
10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.10.020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1fb0f7a1-a8db-41e4-8d56-dc6a36d82024 (old id 162983)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=17123677&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-07-11 12:10:38
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:56:07
@article{1fb0f7a1-a8db-41e4-8d56-dc6a36d82024,
  abstract     = {It has been proposed that lack of social support in a work place characterized by high levels of stress, may increase the likelihood of future cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the prospective impact of social support at work in combination with self-reported work stress on incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in a cohort of 4707 women (mean age: 54.2 years) and 3063 men (mean age: 55.5 years) in Malmo, Sweden. The results are based oil self-reports of work-related stress and social support collected at baseline examinations between the years 1992 and 1996. Work-stress was operationalized according to the Karasek job strain model. Data on incidence of NIL and stroke were obtained from national and regional registers. At the end of follow-up, December 31, 2001, 38 women had experienced an MI and 53 had had a stroke. Corresponding figures for men were 114 MIs and 81 strokes. The first finding was that social support at work was an independent predictor of an M I and stroke among women. The second finding was that there was no evidence to support the iso-strain model. The third finding was that low levels of social support at work together with a passive work situation indicated an increased risk of a future cardiovascular outcome (NI I or stroke) during follow-up in the female group. In men, no association was found between any psychosocial work conditions and incidence of MI or stroke during the same follow-up period. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {André-Petersson, Lena and Engström, Gunnar and Hedblad, Bo and Janzon, Lars and Rosvall, Maria},
  issn         = {1873-5347},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {830--841},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Social Science and Medicine},
  title        = {Social support at work and the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in women and men.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.10.020},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2007},
}