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Rational Engineering of Mannosyl Binding in the Distal Glycone Subsites of Cellulomonas fimi Endo-beta-1,4-mannanase: Mannosyl Binding Promoted at Subsite-2 and Demoted at Subsite-3

Hekmat, Omid LU ; Lo Leggio, Leila; Rosengren, Anna LU ; Kamarauskaite, Jurate; Kolenová, Katarina LU and Stålbrand, Henrik LU (2010) In Biochemistry 49(23). p.4884-4896
Abstract
To date, rational redesign of glycosidase active-site clefts has been mainly limited to the removal of essential functionalities rather than their introduction. The glycoside hydrolase family 26 endo-beta-1, 4-mannanase from the soil bacterium Cellulomonas fimi depolymerizes various abundant plant mannans. On the basis of differences in the structures and hydrolytic action patterns of this wild-type (but recombinantly expressed) enzyme and a homologous mannanase from Cellvibrio japonicus, two nonconserved amino acid residues at two distal glycone-binding subsites of the C. fimi enzyme were substituted, Ala323Arg at subsite -2 and Phe325Ala at subsite -3, to achieve inverted mannosyl affinities in the respective subsites, mimicking the... (More)
To date, rational redesign of glycosidase active-site clefts has been mainly limited to the removal of essential functionalities rather than their introduction. The glycoside hydrolase family 26 endo-beta-1, 4-mannanase from the soil bacterium Cellulomonas fimi depolymerizes various abundant plant mannans. On the basis of differences in the structures and hydrolytic action patterns of this wild-type (but recombinantly expressed) enzyme and a homologous mannanase from Cellvibrio japonicus, two nonconserved amino acid residues at two distal glycone-binding subsites of the C. fimi enzyme were substituted, Ala323Arg at subsite -2 and Phe325Ala at subsite -3, to achieve inverted mannosyl affinities in the respective subsites, mimicking the Ce.japonicus enzyme that has an Arg providing mannosyl interactions at subsite -2. The X-ray crystal structure of the C.fimi doubly substituted mannanase was determined to 2.35 angstrom resolution and shows that the introduced Arg323 is in a position suitable for hydrogen bonding to mannosyl at subsite -2. We report steady-state enzyme kinetics and hydrolysis-product analyses using anion-exchange chromatography and a novel rapid mass spectrometric profiling method of O-18-labeled products obtained using (H2O)-O-18 as a solvent. The results obtained with oligosacharide substrates show that although the catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K-m) is wild-type-like for the engineered enzyme, it has an altered hydrolytic action pattern that stems from promotion of substrate binding at subsite -2 (due to the introduced Arg323) and demotion of it at subsite -3 (to which removal of Phe325 contributed). However, k(cat)/K-m decreased similar to 1 order of magnitude with polymeric substrates, possibly caused by spatial repositioning of the substrate at subsite -3 and beyond for the engineered enzyme. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biochemistry
volume
49
issue
23
pages
4884 - 4896
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000278452300020
  • scopus:77953243269
ISSN
0006-2960
DOI
10.1021/bi100097f
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a98fb723-b0e0-4618-a5c8-03c176c3fe6f (old id 1632289)
date added to LUP
2010-07-21 08:59:37
date last changed
2018-06-03 03:18:21
@article{a98fb723-b0e0-4618-a5c8-03c176c3fe6f,
  abstract     = {To date, rational redesign of glycosidase active-site clefts has been mainly limited to the removal of essential functionalities rather than their introduction. The glycoside hydrolase family 26 endo-beta-1, 4-mannanase from the soil bacterium Cellulomonas fimi depolymerizes various abundant plant mannans. On the basis of differences in the structures and hydrolytic action patterns of this wild-type (but recombinantly expressed) enzyme and a homologous mannanase from Cellvibrio japonicus, two nonconserved amino acid residues at two distal glycone-binding subsites of the C. fimi enzyme were substituted, Ala323Arg at subsite -2 and Phe325Ala at subsite -3, to achieve inverted mannosyl affinities in the respective subsites, mimicking the Ce.japonicus enzyme that has an Arg providing mannosyl interactions at subsite -2. The X-ray crystal structure of the C.fimi doubly substituted mannanase was determined to 2.35 angstrom resolution and shows that the introduced Arg323 is in a position suitable for hydrogen bonding to mannosyl at subsite -2. We report steady-state enzyme kinetics and hydrolysis-product analyses using anion-exchange chromatography and a novel rapid mass spectrometric profiling method of O-18-labeled products obtained using (H2O)-O-18 as a solvent. The results obtained with oligosacharide substrates show that although the catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K-m) is wild-type-like for the engineered enzyme, it has an altered hydrolytic action pattern that stems from promotion of substrate binding at subsite -2 (due to the introduced Arg323) and demotion of it at subsite -3 (to which removal of Phe325 contributed). However, k(cat)/K-m decreased similar to 1 order of magnitude with polymeric substrates, possibly caused by spatial repositioning of the substrate at subsite -3 and beyond for the engineered enzyme.},
  author       = {Hekmat, Omid and Lo Leggio, Leila and Rosengren, Anna and Kamarauskaite, Jurate and Kolenová, Katarina and Stålbrand, Henrik},
  issn         = {0006-2960},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {23},
  pages        = {4884--4896},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Biochemistry},
  title        = {Rational Engineering of Mannosyl Binding in the Distal Glycone Subsites of Cellulomonas fimi Endo-beta-1,4-mannanase: Mannosyl Binding Promoted at Subsite-2 and Demoted at Subsite-3},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi100097f},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2010},
}