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Mild hypothermia reduces acute mortality and improves hemodynamic outcome in a cardiogenic shock pig model.

Götberg, Matthias LU ; vanderPals, Jesper LU ; Olivecrona, Göran LU ; Götberg, Michael; Koul, Sasha and Erlinge, David LU (2010) In Resuscitation 81. p.1190-1196
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Cardiogenic shock is the main cause of death in patients hospitalized due to an acute myocardial infarction. Mild hypothermia reduces metabolism and could offer protective effects for this condition. The aim of our study was to investigate if mild therapeutic hypothermia would improve outcome and hemodynamic parameters in an ischemic cardiogenic shock pig model. METHODS: Twenty-five pigs (40-50kg) were anesthetized and a normothermic temperature of 38 degrees C was established utilising an endovascular cooling catheter in a closed-chest model. A Swan-Ganz catheter was placed in the pulmonary artery. Hemodynamic parameters were continuously monitored and blood gases were sampled every 30min. Ischemia was induced by inflation... (More)
INTRODUCTION: Cardiogenic shock is the main cause of death in patients hospitalized due to an acute myocardial infarction. Mild hypothermia reduces metabolism and could offer protective effects for this condition. The aim of our study was to investigate if mild therapeutic hypothermia would improve outcome and hemodynamic parameters in an ischemic cardiogenic shock pig model. METHODS: Twenty-five pigs (40-50kg) were anesthetized and a normothermic temperature of 38 degrees C was established utilising an endovascular cooling catheter in a closed-chest model. A Swan-Ganz catheter was placed in the pulmonary artery. Hemodynamic parameters were continuously monitored and blood gases were sampled every 30min. Ischemia was induced by inflation of a PCI balloon in proximal LAD for 40min. Sixteen pigs that have fulfilled predefined shock criteria were randomized to hypothermia (n=8), or normothermia (n=8). Hypothermia (33 degrees C) was induced after onset of reperfusion by using an endovascular temperature modulating catheter and was maintained until termination of the experiment. RESULTS: The pigs in the hypothermia group were cooled to <34 degrees C in approximately 45min. 5/8 pigs in the normothermia group died while all pigs in the hypothermia group survived (p<0.01). Stroke volume and blood pressure were significantly higher in the hypothermia group (p<0.05), whereas heart rate was significantly lower in the hypothermia group (p=0.01). Cardiac output did not differ among the groups (p=0.13). Blood gas analysis revealed higher mixed venous oxygen saturation, pH, and base excess in the hypothermia group indicating less development of metabolic acidosis (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In this pig model, mild therapeutic hypothermia reduces acute mortality in cardiogenic shock, improves hemodynamic parameters and reduces metabolic acidosis. These findings suggest a possible clinical benefit of therapeutic hypothermia for patients with acute cardiogenic shock. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Resuscitation
volume
81
pages
1190 - 1196
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000282120600026
  • pmid:20627520
  • scopus:77955843170
ISSN
1873-1570
DOI
10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.04.033
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8030fded-dae4-4604-8c15-746bbe18f1ad (old id 1644996)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20627520?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-08-02 11:42:23
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:15:46
@article{8030fded-dae4-4604-8c15-746bbe18f1ad,
  abstract     = {INTRODUCTION: Cardiogenic shock is the main cause of death in patients hospitalized due to an acute myocardial infarction. Mild hypothermia reduces metabolism and could offer protective effects for this condition. The aim of our study was to investigate if mild therapeutic hypothermia would improve outcome and hemodynamic parameters in an ischemic cardiogenic shock pig model. METHODS: Twenty-five pigs (40-50kg) were anesthetized and a normothermic temperature of 38 degrees C was established utilising an endovascular cooling catheter in a closed-chest model. A Swan-Ganz catheter was placed in the pulmonary artery. Hemodynamic parameters were continuously monitored and blood gases were sampled every 30min. Ischemia was induced by inflation of a PCI balloon in proximal LAD for 40min. Sixteen pigs that have fulfilled predefined shock criteria were randomized to hypothermia (n=8), or normothermia (n=8). Hypothermia (33 degrees C) was induced after onset of reperfusion by using an endovascular temperature modulating catheter and was maintained until termination of the experiment. RESULTS: The pigs in the hypothermia group were cooled to &lt;34 degrees C in approximately 45min. 5/8 pigs in the normothermia group died while all pigs in the hypothermia group survived (p&lt;0.01). Stroke volume and blood pressure were significantly higher in the hypothermia group (p&lt;0.05), whereas heart rate was significantly lower in the hypothermia group (p=0.01). Cardiac output did not differ among the groups (p=0.13). Blood gas analysis revealed higher mixed venous oxygen saturation, pH, and base excess in the hypothermia group indicating less development of metabolic acidosis (p&lt;0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In this pig model, mild therapeutic hypothermia reduces acute mortality in cardiogenic shock, improves hemodynamic parameters and reduces metabolic acidosis. These findings suggest a possible clinical benefit of therapeutic hypothermia for patients with acute cardiogenic shock.},
  author       = {Götberg, Matthias and vanderPals, Jesper and Olivecrona, Göran and Götberg, Michael and Koul, Sasha and Erlinge, David},
  issn         = {1873-1570},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1190--1196},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Resuscitation},
  title        = {Mild hypothermia reduces acute mortality and improves hemodynamic outcome in a cardiogenic shock pig model.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.04.033},
  volume       = {81},
  year         = {2010},
}