Advanced

Proghrelin peptides: Desacyl ghrelin is a powerful inhibitor of acylated ghrelin, likely to impair physiological effects of acyl ghrelin but not of obestatin A study of pancreatic polypeptide secretion from mouse islets.

Kumar, Rajesh LU ; Salehi, S Albert LU ; Rehfeld, Jens F; Höglund, Peter LU ; Lindström, Erik and Håkanson, Rolf LU (2010) In Regulatory Peptides 164. p.65-70
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Proghrelin, produced by the ghrelin (A-like) cells of the gastric mucosa, gives rise to cleavage products, including desacyl ghrelin, acyl ghrelin and obestatin. The products are thought to be secreted concomitantly. In an earlier study we found acyl ghrelin and obestatin, but not desacyl ghrelin, to suppress the release of hormones from isolated islets of mouse and rat pancreas. RESULTS: Using isolated mouse pancreatic islets to study the suppression of the spontaneous secretion of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) by acyl ghrelin and obestatin, we determined the EC(50) values for the two peptides. For acyl ghrelin it was 2x10(-13)M (ranging from 1.7 to 2.8x10(-13)M), for obestatin it was 10(-13)M (ranging from 0.3 to 1.1x10(-13)M).... (More)
BACKGROUND: Proghrelin, produced by the ghrelin (A-like) cells of the gastric mucosa, gives rise to cleavage products, including desacyl ghrelin, acyl ghrelin and obestatin. The products are thought to be secreted concomitantly. In an earlier study we found acyl ghrelin and obestatin, but not desacyl ghrelin, to suppress the release of hormones from isolated islets of mouse and rat pancreas. RESULTS: Using isolated mouse pancreatic islets to study the suppression of the spontaneous secretion of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) by acyl ghrelin and obestatin, we determined the EC(50) values for the two peptides. For acyl ghrelin it was 2x10(-13)M (ranging from 1.7 to 2.8x10(-13)M), for obestatin it was 10(-13)M (ranging from 0.3 to 1.1x10(-13)M). The Hill coefficient (i.e. the midpoint slope) for the acyl ghrelin dose-response curve was 0.30 (ranging from 0.21 to 0.35); the corresponding value for obestatin was 0.35 (ranging from 0.21 to 0.35). The PP-releasing effect of acyl ghrelin, but not that of obestatin, was counteracted by desacyl ghrelin. The acyl ghrelin dose-response curve was shifted to the right in a parallel manner by increasing concentrations of desacyl ghrelin. A Schild plot was constructed with a slope of 0.78, giving an apparent pA(2) value of 14. CONCLUSIONS: The results favour the view that acyl ghrelin and obestatin suppress spontaneous PP secretion at physiologically relevant concentrations and that they act on separate receptors. However, we conclude also that desacyl ghrelin acts as a competitive, surmountable (and quite potent) inhibitor of acyl ghrelin. In view of the allegedly high circulating concentrations of desacyl ghrelin it is to be expected that the effect of acyl ghrelin - but not that of obestatin - will be impaired, in fact probably severely blunted by desacyl ghrelin, thereby compromising the functional significance of circulating acyl ghrelin. In addition, we suggest that isolated pancreatic islets are well suited for studies of receptors to acyl ghrelin and obestatin, and that suppression of PP secretion represents a convenient way to measure the effect of both these peptides. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Regulatory Peptides
volume
164
pages
65 - 70
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000281997600003
  • pmid:20619300
  • scopus:77955842961
ISSN
1873-1686
DOI
10.1016/j.regpep.2010.06.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6a26d5f2-c41b-4cf8-8178-a85281692065 (old id 1645123)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20619300?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-08-02 11:19:16
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:41:27
@article{6a26d5f2-c41b-4cf8-8178-a85281692065,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Proghrelin, produced by the ghrelin (A-like) cells of the gastric mucosa, gives rise to cleavage products, including desacyl ghrelin, acyl ghrelin and obestatin. The products are thought to be secreted concomitantly. In an earlier study we found acyl ghrelin and obestatin, but not desacyl ghrelin, to suppress the release of hormones from isolated islets of mouse and rat pancreas. RESULTS: Using isolated mouse pancreatic islets to study the suppression of the spontaneous secretion of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) by acyl ghrelin and obestatin, we determined the EC(50) values for the two peptides. For acyl ghrelin it was 2x10(-13)M (ranging from 1.7 to 2.8x10(-13)M), for obestatin it was 10(-13)M (ranging from 0.3 to 1.1x10(-13)M). The Hill coefficient (i.e. the midpoint slope) for the acyl ghrelin dose-response curve was 0.30 (ranging from 0.21 to 0.35); the corresponding value for obestatin was 0.35 (ranging from 0.21 to 0.35). The PP-releasing effect of acyl ghrelin, but not that of obestatin, was counteracted by desacyl ghrelin. The acyl ghrelin dose-response curve was shifted to the right in a parallel manner by increasing concentrations of desacyl ghrelin. A Schild plot was constructed with a slope of 0.78, giving an apparent pA(2) value of 14. CONCLUSIONS: The results favour the view that acyl ghrelin and obestatin suppress spontaneous PP secretion at physiologically relevant concentrations and that they act on separate receptors. However, we conclude also that desacyl ghrelin acts as a competitive, surmountable (and quite potent) inhibitor of acyl ghrelin. In view of the allegedly high circulating concentrations of desacyl ghrelin it is to be expected that the effect of acyl ghrelin - but not that of obestatin - will be impaired, in fact probably severely blunted by desacyl ghrelin, thereby compromising the functional significance of circulating acyl ghrelin. In addition, we suggest that isolated pancreatic islets are well suited for studies of receptors to acyl ghrelin and obestatin, and that suppression of PP secretion represents a convenient way to measure the effect of both these peptides.},
  author       = {Kumar, Rajesh and Salehi, S Albert and Rehfeld, Jens F and Höglund, Peter and Lindström, Erik and Håkanson, Rolf},
  issn         = {1873-1686},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {65--70},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Regulatory Peptides},
  title        = {Proghrelin peptides: Desacyl ghrelin is a powerful inhibitor of acylated ghrelin, likely to impair physiological effects of acyl ghrelin but not of obestatin A study of pancreatic polypeptide secretion from mouse islets.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regpep.2010.06.005},
  volume       = {164},
  year         = {2010},
}