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Dissociative tendencies and individual differences in high hypnotic suggestibility.

Terhune, Devin LU ; Cardeña, Etzel LU and Lindgren, Magnus LU (2011) In Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 16. p.113-135
Abstract
Introduction. Inconsistencies in the relationship between dissociation and hypnosis may result from heterogeneity among highly suggestible individuals, in particular the existence of distinct highly suggestible subtypes that are of relevance to models of psychopathology and the consequences of trauma. This study contrasted highly suggestible subtypes high or low in dissociation on measures of hypnotic responding, cognitive functioning, and psychopathology. Methods. Twenty-one low suggestible (LS), 19 low dissociative highly suggestible (LDHS), and 11 high dissociative highly suggestible (HDHS) participants were administered hypnotic suggestibility scales and completed measures of free recall, working memory capacity, imagery,... (More)
Introduction. Inconsistencies in the relationship between dissociation and hypnosis may result from heterogeneity among highly suggestible individuals, in particular the existence of distinct highly suggestible subtypes that are of relevance to models of psychopathology and the consequences of trauma. This study contrasted highly suggestible subtypes high or low in dissociation on measures of hypnotic responding, cognitive functioning, and psychopathology. Methods. Twenty-one low suggestible (LS), 19 low dissociative highly suggestible (LDHS), and 11 high dissociative highly suggestible (HDHS) participants were administered hypnotic suggestibility scales and completed measures of free recall, working memory capacity, imagery, fantasy-proneness, psychopathology, and exposure to stressful life events. Results. HDHS participants were more responsive to positive and negative hallucination suggestions and experienced greater involuntariness during hypnotic responding. They also exhibited impaired working memory capacity, elevated pathological fantasy and dissociative symptomatology, and a greater incidence of exposure to stressful life events. In contrast, LDHS participants displayed superior object visual imagery. Conclusions. These results provide further evidence for two highly suggestible subtypes: a dissociative subtype characterised by deficits in executive functioning and a predisposition to psychopathology, and a subtype that exhibits superior imagery and no observable deficits in functioning. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
volume
16
pages
113 - 135
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:20721761
  • wos:000304252000004
  • scopus:79952569271
ISSN
1354-6805
DOI
10.1080/13546805.2010.503048
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f10b2faa-331f-441b-a8c0-f1a7a7147f7f (old id 1662270)
date added to LUP
2010-09-08 15:28:42
date last changed
2017-09-17 03:18:38
@article{f10b2faa-331f-441b-a8c0-f1a7a7147f7f,
  abstract     = {Introduction. Inconsistencies in the relationship between dissociation and hypnosis may result from heterogeneity among highly suggestible individuals, in particular the existence of distinct highly suggestible subtypes that are of relevance to models of psychopathology and the consequences of trauma. This study contrasted highly suggestible subtypes high or low in dissociation on measures of hypnotic responding, cognitive functioning, and psychopathology. Methods. Twenty-one low suggestible (LS), 19 low dissociative highly suggestible (LDHS), and 11 high dissociative highly suggestible (HDHS) participants were administered hypnotic suggestibility scales and completed measures of free recall, working memory capacity, imagery, fantasy-proneness, psychopathology, and exposure to stressful life events. Results. HDHS participants were more responsive to positive and negative hallucination suggestions and experienced greater involuntariness during hypnotic responding. They also exhibited impaired working memory capacity, elevated pathological fantasy and dissociative symptomatology, and a greater incidence of exposure to stressful life events. In contrast, LDHS participants displayed superior object visual imagery. Conclusions. These results provide further evidence for two highly suggestible subtypes: a dissociative subtype characterised by deficits in executive functioning and a predisposition to psychopathology, and a subtype that exhibits superior imagery and no observable deficits in functioning.},
  author       = {Terhune, Devin and Cardeña, Etzel and Lindgren, Magnus},
  issn         = {1354-6805},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {113--135},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Cognitive Neuropsychiatry},
  title        = {Dissociative tendencies and individual differences in high hypnotic suggestibility.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13546805.2010.503048},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2011},
}