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Adipose TriGlyceride Lipase (ATGL) and Hormone-Sensitive Lipase (HSL) protein expression is decreased in the obese insulin resistant state.

Jocken, Johan W E; Langin, Dominique; Smit, Egbert; Saris, Wim Hm; Valle, Carine; Hul, Gabby B; Holm, Cecilia LU ; Arner, Peter and Blaak, Ellen E (2007) In Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 92(6). p.2292-2299
Abstract
Obesity is associated with increased triacylglycerol (TAG) storage in adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The mobilization of stored TAG is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently discovered adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). The aim of the present study was to examine whether ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression are altered in insulin-resistant conditions. In addition, we investigated whether a possible impaired expression could be reversed by a period of weight reduction. METHODS: Adipose tissue biopsies were taken from obese subjects (n = 44) with a wide range of insulin resistance, before and just after a 10-wk hypocaloric diet. ATGL and HSL protein and mRNA expression was determined by Western blot and... (More)
Obesity is associated with increased triacylglycerol (TAG) storage in adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The mobilization of stored TAG is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently discovered adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). The aim of the present study was to examine whether ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression are altered in insulin-resistant conditions. In addition, we investigated whether a possible impaired expression could be reversed by a period of weight reduction. METHODS: Adipose tissue biopsies were taken from obese subjects (n = 44) with a wide range of insulin resistance, before and just after a 10-wk hypocaloric diet. ATGL and HSL protein and mRNA expression was determined by Western blot and quantitative RT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: Fasting insulin levels and the degree of insulin resistance (using the homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance) were negatively correlated with ATGL and HSL protein expression, independent of age, gender, fat cell size, and body composition. Both mRNA and protein levels of ATGL and HSL were reduced in insulin-resistant compared with insulin-sensitive subjects (P < 0.05). Weight reduction significantly decreased ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression. A positive correlation between the decrease in leptin and the decrease in ATGL protein level after weight reduction was observed. Finally, ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein levels seem to be highly correlated, indicating a tight coregulation and transcriptional control. CONCLUSIONS: In obese subjects, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are strongly associated with ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression, independent of fat mass. Data on weight reduction indicated that also other factors (e.g. leptin) relate to ATGL and HSL protein expression. (Less)
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independent of fat mass. Data on weight reduction indicated that also other factors (e.g. leptin) relate to ATGL and HSL protein expression., we investigated whether a possible impaired expression could be reversed by a period of weight reduction. METHODS: Adipose tissue biopsies were taken from obese subjects (n = 44) with a wide range of insulin resistance, Obesity is associated with increased triacylglycerol (TAG) storage in adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The mobilization of stored TAG is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently discovered adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). The aim of the present study was to examine whether ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression are altered in insulin-resistant conditions. In addition, before and just after a 10-wk hypocaloric diet. ATGL and HSL protein and mRNA expression was determined by Western blot and quantitative RT-PCR, independent of age, gender, fat cell size, respectively. RESULTS: Fasting insulin levels and the degree of insulin resistance (using the homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance) were negatively correlated with ATGL and HSL protein expression, ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein levels seem to be highly correlated, and body composition. Both mRNA and protein levels of ATGL and HSL were reduced in insulin-resistant compared with insulin-sensitive subjects (P < 0.05). Weight reduction significantly decreased ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression. A positive correlation between the decrease in leptin and the decrease in ATGL protein level after weight reduction was observed. Finally, indicating a tight coregulation and transcriptional control. CONCLUSIONS: In obese subjects, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are strongly associated with ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression
in
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
volume
92
issue
6
pages
2292 - 2299
publisher
The Endocrine Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000247061700049
  • scopus:34347219137
ISSN
1945-7197
DOI
10.1210/jc.2006-1318
language
English
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yes
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9428fd42-24d7-4963-be74-d8b7b3a89a95 (old id 166621)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=17356053&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-07-16 08:55:06
date last changed
2017-09-03 04:41:32
@article{9428fd42-24d7-4963-be74-d8b7b3a89a95,
  abstract     = {Obesity is associated with increased triacylglycerol (TAG) storage in adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The mobilization of stored TAG is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently discovered adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). The aim of the present study was to examine whether ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression are altered in insulin-resistant conditions. In addition, we investigated whether a possible impaired expression could be reversed by a period of weight reduction. METHODS: Adipose tissue biopsies were taken from obese subjects (n = 44) with a wide range of insulin resistance, before and just after a 10-wk hypocaloric diet. ATGL and HSL protein and mRNA expression was determined by Western blot and quantitative RT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: Fasting insulin levels and the degree of insulin resistance (using the homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance) were negatively correlated with ATGL and HSL protein expression, independent of age, gender, fat cell size, and body composition. Both mRNA and protein levels of ATGL and HSL were reduced in insulin-resistant compared with insulin-sensitive subjects (P &lt; 0.05). Weight reduction significantly decreased ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression. A positive correlation between the decrease in leptin and the decrease in ATGL protein level after weight reduction was observed. Finally, ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein levels seem to be highly correlated, indicating a tight coregulation and transcriptional control. CONCLUSIONS: In obese subjects, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are strongly associated with ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression, independent of fat mass. Data on weight reduction indicated that also other factors (e.g. leptin) relate to ATGL and HSL protein expression.},
  author       = {Jocken, Johan W E and Langin, Dominique and Smit, Egbert and Saris, Wim Hm and Valle, Carine and Hul, Gabby B and Holm, Cecilia and Arner, Peter and Blaak, Ellen E},
  issn         = {1945-7197},
  keyword      = {independent of fat mass. Data on weight reduction indicated that also other factors (e.g. leptin) relate to ATGL and HSL protein expression.,we investigated whether a possible impaired expression could be reversed by a period of weight reduction. METHODS: Adipose tissue biopsies were taken from obese subjects (n = 44) with a wide range of insulin resistance,Obesity is associated with increased triacylglycerol (TAG) storage in adipose tissue and insulin resistance. The mobilization of stored TAG is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently discovered adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). The aim of the present study was to examine whether ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression are altered in insulin-resistant conditions. In addition,before and just after a 10-wk hypocaloric diet. ATGL and HSL protein and mRNA expression was determined by Western blot and quantitative RT-PCR,independent of age,gender,fat cell size,respectively. RESULTS: Fasting insulin levels and the degree of insulin resistance (using the homeostasis model assessment index for insulin resistance) were negatively correlated with ATGL and HSL protein expression,ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein levels seem to be highly correlated,and body composition. Both mRNA and protein levels of ATGL and HSL were reduced in insulin-resistant compared with insulin-sensitive subjects (P < 0.05). Weight reduction significantly decreased ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression. A positive correlation between the decrease in leptin and the decrease in ATGL protein level after weight reduction was observed. Finally,indicating a tight coregulation and transcriptional control. CONCLUSIONS: In obese subjects,insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia are strongly associated with ATGL and HSL mRNA and protein expression},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2292--2299},
  publisher    = {The Endocrine Society},
  series       = {Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism},
  title        = {Adipose TriGlyceride Lipase (ATGL) and Hormone-Sensitive Lipase (HSL) protein expression is decreased in the obese insulin resistant state.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2006-1318},
  volume       = {92},
  year         = {2007},
}