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Driving forces for food packaging development in Sweden - a historical perspective

Beckeman, Märit LU and Olsson, Annika LU (2005) In World of Food Science
Abstract
Availability of safe, edible food is essential. Food shortage has caused many wars and encouraged people to try to preserve food for a longer time, allowing storage and transport, often in some kind of package/container. The USA showed the way in developing the food sector and already prior to the 2nd World War they had self-service stores filled with packed goods. Europe,

however, had to wait to apply the US ideas until after the war. As Sweden did not take part, the country got a head start, although with restricted imports and exports and rationing of some food.

When self-service retail and new food products, particularly frozen food, became available in the 1950s, the role of packaging and distribution became... (More)
Availability of safe, edible food is essential. Food shortage has caused many wars and encouraged people to try to preserve food for a longer time, allowing storage and transport, often in some kind of package/container. The USA showed the way in developing the food sector and already prior to the 2nd World War they had self-service stores filled with packed goods. Europe,

however, had to wait to apply the US ideas until after the war. As Sweden did not take part, the country got a head start, although with restricted imports and exports and rationing of some food.

When self-service retail and new food products, particularly frozen food, became available in the 1950s, the role of packaging and distribution became important, providing mass-produced food at reasonable prices. The country took the lead in frozen food in Europe and became the origin of some quite successful packaging companies and distribution/equipment suppliers, starting up as local supporting companies to the food sector but then expanding into Europe in order to grow.

The purpose of this study is to identify the key drivers in society, in the food industry and elsewhere that have affected the development of food-retail packaging, with Sweden as an example of a lead country in Europe for some years after WW II. The study is qualitative and based on semi-structured interviews with experts in the field.

The results clearly indicate that frozen food technology and the introduction of self-service stores at about the same time and mainly later chilled/fresh food are the three developments that are considered to have had the most profound influence on the food sector development. Packages

were considered as a consequence of the appearance of frozen or chilled food and self-service stores by the interviewees and not as very important in itself, even though neither frozen/chilled food nor self-service stores would exist without packaging and efficient distribution. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
driving forces, chilled food, self-service, frozen food, food packaging, packaging logistics, logistics
in
World of Food Science
publisher
International Union of Food Science & Technology
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
298ad37d-0b8e-409d-be82-5651d2ab1f49 (old id 167896)
alternative location
http://www.worldfoodscience.org/pdf/SwedenPackaging.pdf
date added to LUP
2007-07-10 10:43:31
date last changed
2016-04-16 07:29:25
@article{298ad37d-0b8e-409d-be82-5651d2ab1f49,
  abstract     = {Availability of safe, edible food is essential. Food shortage has caused many wars and encouraged people to try to preserve food for a longer time, allowing storage and transport, often in some kind of package/container. The USA showed the way in developing the food sector and already prior to the 2nd World War they had self-service stores filled with packed goods. Europe,<br/><br>
however, had to wait to apply the US ideas until after the war. As Sweden did not take part, the country got a head start, although with restricted imports and exports and rationing of some food.<br/><br>
When self-service retail and new food products, particularly frozen food, became available in the 1950s, the role of packaging and distribution became important, providing mass-produced food at reasonable prices. The country took the lead in frozen food in Europe and became the origin of some quite successful packaging companies and distribution/equipment suppliers, starting up as local supporting companies to the food sector but then expanding into Europe in order to grow.<br/><br>
The purpose of this study is to identify the key drivers in society, in the food industry and elsewhere that have affected the development of food-retail packaging, with Sweden as an example of a lead country in Europe for some years after WW II. The study is qualitative and based on semi-structured interviews with experts in the field.<br/><br>
The results clearly indicate that frozen food technology and the introduction of self-service stores at about the same time and mainly later chilled/fresh food are the three developments that are considered to have had the most profound influence on the food sector development. Packages<br/><br>
were considered as a consequence of the appearance of frozen or chilled food and self-service stores by the interviewees and not as very important in itself, even though neither frozen/chilled food nor self-service stores would exist without packaging and efficient distribution.},
  author       = {Beckeman, Märit and Olsson, Annika},
  keyword      = {driving forces,chilled food,self-service,frozen food,food packaging,packaging logistics,logistics},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {International Union of Food Science & Technology},
  series       = {World of Food Science},
  title        = {Driving forces for food packaging development in Sweden - a historical perspective},
  year         = {2005},
}