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Asthma is more prevalent in elite swimming adolescents despite better mental and physical health.

Romberg, Kerstin LU ; Tufvesson, Ellen LU and Bjermer, Leif LU (2012) In Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports Okt. p.362-371
Abstract
An increased risk of developing asthma has been reported among swimmers exposed to chloramine in pool arenas. The aim of the present study was to compare the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms among elite aspiring swimmers compared with age-matched controls with different degrees of physical activity. We also aimed to relate these findings to mental and psychosocial factors. One hundred and one elite swimmers and 1628 age-matched controls answered a questionnaire containing questions about respiratory symptoms, lifestyle factors, mental and physical well-being. The controls were divided into three different groups according to the degree of physical activity, no physical activity, recreational training and elite training.... (More)
An increased risk of developing asthma has been reported among swimmers exposed to chloramine in pool arenas. The aim of the present study was to compare the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms among elite aspiring swimmers compared with age-matched controls with different degrees of physical activity. We also aimed to relate these findings to mental and psychosocial factors. One hundred and one elite swimmers and 1628 age-matched controls answered a questionnaire containing questions about respiratory symptoms, lifestyle factors, mental and physical well-being. The controls were divided into three different groups according to the degree of physical activity, no physical activity, recreational training and elite training. Swimmers reported significantly more asthma symptoms, with 36.6% having physician-diagnosed asthma, compared with 16.2% among the controls. Use of regular medication was more common (14.9% vs 8.0%) and more swimmers reported an exacerbation of their asthma during the previous 12 months (16.8%) vs (5.8%) for the controls. Despite an increased prevalence of asthma symptoms, the swimmers reported best physical performance and best mental and physical well-being. They also had a healthier lifestyle without smoking and low alcohol consumption. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
volume
Okt
pages
362 - 371
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • WOS:000304314500010
  • PMID:20807384
  • Scopus:84861428790
ISSN
1600-0838
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01177.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f73f2f47-39cb-44aa-a43c-6c23a887517f (old id 1688675)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20807384?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-10-03 19:47:00
date last changed
2017-02-19 04:26:01
@article{f73f2f47-39cb-44aa-a43c-6c23a887517f,
  abstract     = {An increased risk of developing asthma has been reported among swimmers exposed to chloramine in pool arenas. The aim of the present study was to compare the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms among elite aspiring swimmers compared with age-matched controls with different degrees of physical activity. We also aimed to relate these findings to mental and psychosocial factors. One hundred and one elite swimmers and 1628 age-matched controls answered a questionnaire containing questions about respiratory symptoms, lifestyle factors, mental and physical well-being. The controls were divided into three different groups according to the degree of physical activity, no physical activity, recreational training and elite training. Swimmers reported significantly more asthma symptoms, with 36.6% having physician-diagnosed asthma, compared with 16.2% among the controls. Use of regular medication was more common (14.9% vs 8.0%) and more swimmers reported an exacerbation of their asthma during the previous 12 months (16.8%) vs (5.8%) for the controls. Despite an increased prevalence of asthma symptoms, the swimmers reported best physical performance and best mental and physical well-being. They also had a healthier lifestyle without smoking and low alcohol consumption.},
  author       = {Romberg, Kerstin and Tufvesson, Ellen and Bjermer, Leif},
  issn         = {1600-0838},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {362--371},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports},
  title        = {Asthma is more prevalent in elite swimming adolescents despite better mental and physical health.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01177.x},
  volume       = {Okt},
  year         = {2012},
}