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Males are sensitive - sex-dependent effect of rearing conditions on nestling growth

Rosivall, Balázs LU ; Szoellosi, Eszter; Hasselquist, Dennis LU and Toeroek, Janos (2010) In Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64(10). p.1555-1562
Abstract
The sex-dependent effect of environmental conditions on nestlings has been extensively studied in size dimorphic birds. Whether males or females are more sensitive to poor conditions is not yet clear; however, the degree of sexual size-dimorphism, brood size and their interactions seem to influence the pattern. Much less is known about sex-dependent environmental sensitivity in size-monomorphic species, even though it may result in biased sex allocation. We altered the rearing conditions by brood size manipulation in the size-monomorphic collared flycatcher and then examined the sex-specific development of the nestlings. In all analyses, we controlled for the effect of paternity, because one may expect extra-pair young to be of better... (More)
The sex-dependent effect of environmental conditions on nestlings has been extensively studied in size dimorphic birds. Whether males or females are more sensitive to poor conditions is not yet clear; however, the degree of sexual size-dimorphism, brood size and their interactions seem to influence the pattern. Much less is known about sex-dependent environmental sensitivity in size-monomorphic species, even though it may result in biased sex allocation. We altered the rearing conditions by brood size manipulation in the size-monomorphic collared flycatcher and then examined the sex-specific development of the nestlings. In all analyses, we controlled for the effect of paternity, because one may expect extra-pair young to be of better genetic quality and perform better at least under poor conditions. However, this was not the case, because we did not find any difference in growth rate or fledging size between extra-and within-pair young. We found that male nestlings had the potential for faster growth under favourable conditions, but suffered more under poor conditions. We found no sex x environment interaction for fledging size probably because the growth curves level off before fledging, and the disadvantaged nestlings can catch up with their siblings. The larger sensitivity of males does not explain the previously found seasonal shift in brood sex ratios and contradicts previous findings in another size-monomorphic species where females were more sensitive. This suggests that even in size-monomorphic species, no general rule exists, which determines the more sensitive sex. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Environmental sensitivity, Environmental conditions, Extra-pair, paternity, Offspring development, Ficedula albicollis, Sex differences, Sex allocation
in
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
volume
64
issue
10
pages
1555 - 1562
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000281897000005
  • scopus:77956881009
ISSN
1432-0762
DOI
10.1007/s00265-010-0969-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9046e9f4-87b0-47cf-941d-2bccf668ec19 (old id 1697577)
date added to LUP
2010-10-22 16:38:17
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:52:52
@article{9046e9f4-87b0-47cf-941d-2bccf668ec19,
  abstract     = {The sex-dependent effect of environmental conditions on nestlings has been extensively studied in size dimorphic birds. Whether males or females are more sensitive to poor conditions is not yet clear; however, the degree of sexual size-dimorphism, brood size and their interactions seem to influence the pattern. Much less is known about sex-dependent environmental sensitivity in size-monomorphic species, even though it may result in biased sex allocation. We altered the rearing conditions by brood size manipulation in the size-monomorphic collared flycatcher and then examined the sex-specific development of the nestlings. In all analyses, we controlled for the effect of paternity, because one may expect extra-pair young to be of better genetic quality and perform better at least under poor conditions. However, this was not the case, because we did not find any difference in growth rate or fledging size between extra-and within-pair young. We found that male nestlings had the potential for faster growth under favourable conditions, but suffered more under poor conditions. We found no sex x environment interaction for fledging size probably because the growth curves level off before fledging, and the disadvantaged nestlings can catch up with their siblings. The larger sensitivity of males does not explain the previously found seasonal shift in brood sex ratios and contradicts previous findings in another size-monomorphic species where females were more sensitive. This suggests that even in size-monomorphic species, no general rule exists, which determines the more sensitive sex.},
  author       = {Rosivall, Balázs and Szoellosi, Eszter and Hasselquist, Dennis and Toeroek, Janos},
  issn         = {1432-0762},
  keyword      = {Environmental sensitivity,Environmental conditions,Extra-pair,paternity,Offspring development,Ficedula albicollis,Sex differences,Sex allocation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1555--1562},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  title        = {Males are sensitive - sex-dependent effect of rearing conditions on nestling growth},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-010-0969-1},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2010},
}