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The Long-term Durability of Intra-operatively Placed Palmaz Stents for the Treatment of Type Ia Endoleaks After EVAR of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Abdulrasak, M. LU ; Resch, T. LU ; Sonesson, B. LU ; Holst, J. LU ; Kristmundsson, T. LU and Dias, N. V. LU (2017) In European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 53(1). p.69-76
Abstract

Objective/Background The objective was to analyze the long-term durability of intra-operatively placed Palmaz stents for type Ia endoleaks, and the evolution of aneurysm neck morphology. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary referral centre. Patients treated between 1998 and 2012 were reviewed with regard to pre-, intra-, and post-operative data. Crude and relative survival estimates were calculated, with the latter referring only to patients with ≥ 3 months’ follow-up. Results In total, 125 patients were included (83 elective, 22 ruptures, 20 symptomatic). Nine patients died perioperatively (two elective, seven acute). Median follow-up was 43 months (range 15–72). Seven patients had late abdominal aortic... (More)

Objective/Background The objective was to analyze the long-term durability of intra-operatively placed Palmaz stents for type Ia endoleaks, and the evolution of aneurysm neck morphology. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary referral centre. Patients treated between 1998 and 2012 were reviewed with regard to pre-, intra-, and post-operative data. Crude and relative survival estimates were calculated, with the latter referring only to patients with ≥ 3 months’ follow-up. Results In total, 125 patients were included (83 elective, 22 ruptures, 20 symptomatic). Nine patients died perioperatively (two elective, seven acute). Median follow-up was 43 months (range 15–72). Seven patients had late abdominal aortic aneurysm related deaths. There were 51 re-interventions (seven type Ia endoleak related). Five year crude primary, primary assisted, and secondary success rates were 55 ± 5%, 66 ± 5%, and 70 ± 5%, respectively. These crude rates were superior for elective patients (p = .008, p = .031, and p = .037, respectively), but the relative rates were not (p = .187, p = .640, p = .558, respectively). Primary and assisted freedom from type Ia endoleak 5 years post-operatively were 84 ± 4% and 89 ± 3%, respectively. These rates were superior in elective patients (p = .066 and p = .145, respectively), especially when relative rates were analysed (p = .025 and p = .063, respectively). The visceral aortic diameter increased significantly between the first and the last post-operative imaging in 15/91 (16%), 12/91 (13%), 34/91 (37%), and 30/91 (33%) patients at the levels of coeliac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, lowest renal artery, and 9 mm distal to lowest renal artery, respectively. Conclusion Intra-operatively placed Palmaz stents confer high long-term freedom from type Ia endoleak. Palmaz stents are an acceptable intra-operative bailout tool in the acute setting, but should not be used to extend elective infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair to more demanding anatomies.

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organization
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Aortic neck anatomy, EVAR, Palmaz stent, Type Ia endoleak
in
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
volume
53
issue
1
pages
69 - 76
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85007367717
  • wos:000393261600005
ISSN
1078-5884
DOI
10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.10.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
16d5d903-cc1b-404a-a22d-f26c6304b7c2
date added to LUP
2017-01-19 14:38:41
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:45:46
@article{16d5d903-cc1b-404a-a22d-f26c6304b7c2,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective/Background The objective was to analyze the long-term durability of intra-operatively placed Palmaz stents for type Ia endoleaks, and the evolution of aneurysm neck morphology. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary referral centre. Patients treated between 1998 and 2012 were reviewed with regard to pre-, intra-, and post-operative data. Crude and relative survival estimates were calculated, with the latter referring only to patients with ≥ 3 months’ follow-up. Results In total, 125 patients were included (83 elective, 22 ruptures, 20 symptomatic). Nine patients died perioperatively (two elective, seven acute). Median follow-up was 43 months (range 15–72). Seven patients had late abdominal aortic aneurysm related deaths. There were 51 re-interventions (seven type Ia endoleak related). Five year crude primary, primary assisted, and secondary success rates were 55 ± 5%, 66 ± 5%, and 70 ± 5%, respectively. These crude rates were superior for elective patients (p = .008, p = .031, and p = .037, respectively), but the relative rates were not (p = .187, p = .640, p = .558, respectively). Primary and assisted freedom from type Ia endoleak 5 years post-operatively were 84 ± 4% and 89 ± 3%, respectively. These rates were superior in elective patients (p = .066 and p = .145, respectively), especially when relative rates were analysed (p = .025 and p = .063, respectively). The visceral aortic diameter increased significantly between the first and the last post-operative imaging in 15/91 (16%), 12/91 (13%), 34/91 (37%), and 30/91 (33%) patients at the levels of coeliac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, lowest renal artery, and 9 mm distal to lowest renal artery, respectively. Conclusion Intra-operatively placed Palmaz stents confer high long-term freedom from type Ia endoleak. Palmaz stents are an acceptable intra-operative bailout tool in the acute setting, but should not be used to extend elective infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair to more demanding anatomies.</p>},
  author       = {Abdulrasak, M. and Resch, T. and Sonesson, B. and Holst, J. and Kristmundsson, T. and Dias, N. V.},
  issn         = {1078-5884},
  keyword      = {Aortic neck anatomy,EVAR,Palmaz stent,Type Ia endoleak},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {69--76},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery},
  title        = {The Long-term Durability of Intra-operatively Placed Palmaz Stents for the Treatment of Type Ia Endoleaks After EVAR of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.10.004},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2017},
}