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Energy availability from livestock and agricultural productivity in Europe, 1815-1913: a new comparison

Kander, Astrid LU and Warde, Paul (2011) In Economic History Review 64(1). p.1-29
Abstract
This article explores the proposition that a reason for high agricultural productivity in the early nineteenth century was relatively high energy availability from draught animals. The article is based on the collection of extensive new data indicating different trends in draught power availability and the efficiency of its use in different

countries of Europe. This article shows that the proposition does not hold, and demonstrates that, although towards the end of the nineteenth century England had relatively high numbers of draught animals per agricultural worker, it also had low number of workers and animals per hectare, indicating the high efficiency of muscle power, rather than an abundance of such power.The higher efficiency... (More)
This article explores the proposition that a reason for high agricultural productivity in the early nineteenth century was relatively high energy availability from draught animals. The article is based on the collection of extensive new data indicating different trends in draught power availability and the efficiency of its use in different

countries of Europe. This article shows that the proposition does not hold, and demonstrates that, although towards the end of the nineteenth century England had relatively high numbers of draught animals per agricultural worker, it also had low number of workers and animals per hectare, indicating the high efficiency of muscle power, rather than an abundance of such power.The higher efficiency was related to a specialization on less labour-intensive farming and a preference for horses over

oxen. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
draught animals, horses, oxen, land productivity, England, labour productivity, energy
in
Economic History Review
volume
64
issue
1
pages
1 - 29
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000285879800001
  • scopus:78650799813
ISSN
1468-0289
DOI
10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00526.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f2ed8431-6a04-4993-afc2-0c9423e1ef87 (old id 1729183)
date added to LUP
2010-12-06 12:22:43
date last changed
2017-06-11 04:05:48
@article{f2ed8431-6a04-4993-afc2-0c9423e1ef87,
  abstract     = {This article explores the proposition that a reason for high agricultural productivity in the early nineteenth century was relatively high energy availability from draught animals. The article is based on the collection of extensive new data indicating different trends in draught power availability and the efficiency of its use in different<br/><br>
countries of Europe. This article shows that the proposition does not hold, and demonstrates that, although towards the end of the nineteenth century England had relatively high numbers of draught animals per agricultural worker, it also had low number of workers and animals per hectare, indicating the high efficiency of muscle power, rather than an abundance of such power.The higher efficiency was related to a specialization on less labour-intensive farming and a preference for horses over<br/><br>
oxen.},
  author       = {Kander, Astrid and Warde, Paul},
  issn         = {1468-0289},
  keyword      = {draught animals,horses,oxen,land productivity,England,labour productivity,energy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--29},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Economic History Review},
  title        = {Energy availability from livestock and agricultural productivity in Europe, 1815-1913: a new comparison},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00526.x},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2011},
}