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Biodiversity and the landscape ecology of agri-environment schemes

Smith, Henrik LU ; Öckinger, Erik LU and Rundlöf, Maj LU (2010) In Aspects of Applied Biology 100. p.225-232
Abstract
Loss of biodiversity in European farmland has been attributed to agricultural intensification and the resulting loss of ecological heterogeneity. To alleviate the effect of agricultural intensification, farmers are compensated via agri-environment schemes for carrying out farming in ways to preserve and restore biodiversity. However, the effectiveness of these schemes has been questioned and evaluations of their effect have produced partly contrasting results. One aspect that has received little attention is how the spatial context and configuration of agri-environment measures affect the results. We have evaluated the consequences of the spatial context of organic farming and other agri-environment measures on the abundance and diversity... (More)
Loss of biodiversity in European farmland has been attributed to agricultural intensification and the resulting loss of ecological heterogeneity. To alleviate the effect of agricultural intensification, farmers are compensated via agri-environment schemes for carrying out farming in ways to preserve and restore biodiversity. However, the effectiveness of these schemes has been questioned and evaluations of their effect have produced partly contrasting results. One aspect that has received little attention is how the spatial context and configuration of agri-environment measures affect the results. We have evaluated the consequences of the spatial context of organic farming and other agri-environment measures on the abundance and diversity of flower-visiting insects and birds. We demonstrate that the effect of agri-environment schemes on insect and bird diversity depends on both landscape complexity and the proportion of the landscape that is under agri-environment schemes. We discuss implications this have for the formulation of efficient agri-environment schemes. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
organic farming, Agri-environment schemes, biodiversity, semi-natural pastures
in
Aspects of Applied Biology
volume
100
pages
225 - 232
publisher
Association of Applied Biologists
ISSN
0265-1491
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
066d7858-d90a-4123-b24d-e114c2c0cbae (old id 1744501)
alternative location
http://www.aab.org.uk/images/0%20AES%20TITLE%20INTRO%20and%20CONTENTS.pdf
date added to LUP
2010-12-17 12:51:32
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:40:42
@article{066d7858-d90a-4123-b24d-e114c2c0cbae,
  abstract     = {Loss of biodiversity in European farmland has been attributed to agricultural intensification and the resulting loss of ecological heterogeneity. To alleviate the effect of agricultural intensification, farmers are compensated via agri-environment schemes for carrying out farming in ways to preserve and restore biodiversity. However, the effectiveness of these schemes has been questioned and evaluations of their effect have produced partly contrasting results. One aspect that has received little attention is how the spatial context and configuration of agri-environment measures affect the results. We have evaluated the consequences of the spatial context of organic farming and other agri-environment measures on the abundance and diversity of flower-visiting insects and birds. We demonstrate that the effect of agri-environment schemes on insect and bird diversity depends on both landscape complexity and the proportion of the landscape that is under agri-environment schemes. We discuss implications this have for the formulation of efficient agri-environment schemes.},
  author       = {Smith, Henrik and Öckinger, Erik and Rundlöf, Maj},
  issn         = {0265-1491},
  keyword      = {organic farming,Agri-environment schemes,biodiversity,semi-natural pastures},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {225--232},
  publisher    = {Association of Applied Biologists},
  series       = {Aspects of Applied Biology},
  title        = {Biodiversity and the landscape ecology of agri-environment schemes},
  volume       = {100},
  year         = {2010},
}