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Effect of an education programme for patients with osteoarthritis in primary care - a randomized controlled trial

Ekvall-Hansson, Eva LU ; Jönsson Lundgren, Malin LU ; Ronnheden, Anne-Marie; Sorensson, Eva; Bjarnung, Asa and Dahlberg, Leif LU (2010) In BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 11.
Abstract
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease, considered to be one of the major public health problems. Research suggests that patient education is feasible and valuable for achieving improvements in quality of life, in function, well-being and improved coping. Since 1994, Primary Health Care in Malmo has used a patient education programme directed towards OA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of this education programme for patients with OA in primary health care in terms of self-efficacy, function and self-perceived health. Method: The study was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which the EuroQol-5D and Arthritis self-efficacy scale were used to measure self-perceived health and... (More)
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease, considered to be one of the major public health problems. Research suggests that patient education is feasible and valuable for achieving improvements in quality of life, in function, well-being and improved coping. Since 1994, Primary Health Care in Malmo has used a patient education programme directed towards OA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of this education programme for patients with OA in primary health care in terms of self-efficacy, function and self-perceived health. Method: The study was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which the EuroQol-5D and Arthritis self-efficacy scale were used to measure self-perceived health and self-efficacy and function was measured with Grip Ability Test for the upper extremity and five different functional tests for the lower extremity. Results: We found differences between the intervention group and the control group, comparing the results at baseline and after 6 months in EuroQol-5D (p < 0.001) and in standing one leg eyes closed (p = 0.02) in favour of the intervention group. No other differences between the groups were found. Conclusion: This study has shown that patient education for patients with osteoarthritis is feasible in a primary health care setting and can improve self-perceived health as well as function in some degree, but not self-efficacy. Further research to investigate the effect of exercise performance on function, as well as self-efficacy is warranted. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
volume
11
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000284324700001
  • scopus:78649368103
ISSN
1471-2474
DOI
10.1186/1471-2474-11-244
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9565b5ae-7bd8-4182-8e3d-77a1cbf76710 (old id 1752586)
alternative location
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2474/11/244
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2987970/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20969809
date added to LUP
2011-01-04 07:36:35
date last changed
2018-07-08 03:40:58
@article{9565b5ae-7bd8-4182-8e3d-77a1cbf76710,
  abstract     = {Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease, considered to be one of the major public health problems. Research suggests that patient education is feasible and valuable for achieving improvements in quality of life, in function, well-being and improved coping. Since 1994, Primary Health Care in Malmo has used a patient education programme directed towards OA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of this education programme for patients with OA in primary health care in terms of self-efficacy, function and self-perceived health. Method: The study was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which the EuroQol-5D and Arthritis self-efficacy scale were used to measure self-perceived health and self-efficacy and function was measured with Grip Ability Test for the upper extremity and five different functional tests for the lower extremity. Results: We found differences between the intervention group and the control group, comparing the results at baseline and after 6 months in EuroQol-5D (p &lt; 0.001) and in standing one leg eyes closed (p = 0.02) in favour of the intervention group. No other differences between the groups were found. Conclusion: This study has shown that patient education for patients with osteoarthritis is feasible in a primary health care setting and can improve self-perceived health as well as function in some degree, but not self-efficacy. Further research to investigate the effect of exercise performance on function, as well as self-efficacy is warranted.},
  author       = {Ekvall-Hansson, Eva and Jönsson Lundgren, Malin and Ronnheden, Anne-Marie and Sorensson, Eva and Bjarnung, Asa and Dahlberg, Leif},
  issn         = {1471-2474},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders},
  title        = {Effect of an education programme for patients with osteoarthritis in primary care - a randomized controlled trial},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-11-244},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2010},
}