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Arbetslöshetsfrågan i historisk belysning : en diskussion om arbetslöshet och social politik i Sverige 1830-1920

Olofsson, Jonas LU (1996) In Lund Studies in Economic History 6.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I debatterna om sociala och ekonomiska frågor under 1800-talets första hälft utvecklades grundvalarna för de förhållningssätt till arbetslöshetsfrågan som sedan återkommit i skilda former. Det gällde t.ex. det perspektiv som betonade politikens roll och behovet av statlig intervention för att stimulera produktion och sysselsättning. Det gällde också det renodlade marknadsliberala perspektivet på sociala - tilltron till marknadernas problemlösande förmåga utan statligt intrång och statliga tvångsåtgärder.



Arbetslinjen har alltid utgjort en central ingrediens i den svenska debatten om arbetslöshetsfrågan. Arbetslinjen i allmänhet och frågan om produktiva allmänna arbeten i... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I debatterna om sociala och ekonomiska frågor under 1800-talets första hälft utvecklades grundvalarna för de förhållningssätt till arbetslöshetsfrågan som sedan återkommit i skilda former. Det gällde t.ex. det perspektiv som betonade politikens roll och behovet av statlig intervention för att stimulera produktion och sysselsättning. Det gällde också det renodlade marknadsliberala perspektivet på sociala - tilltron till marknadernas problemlösande förmåga utan statligt intrång och statliga tvångsåtgärder.



Arbetslinjen har alltid utgjort en central ingrediens i den svenska debatten om arbetslöshetsfrågan. Arbetslinjen i allmänhet och frågan om produktiva allmänna arbeten i synnerhet går alltså längre tillbaka än vad som tidigare framhållits i forkningen. Debatten om arbetslinjens inriktning har avspeglat skilda uppfattningtar om statens roll i ekonomin och har tenderat att komma tillbaka under perioder med särskilt stora omställnings- och snpassningsproblem på arbetsmarknaden.



I avhandlingen behandlas arbetslöshetsfrågans uppkomst och utveckling i Sverige från det tidiga 1800-talets undsättningspolitik till 1920-talets AK-politik. De första arbetslöshetspolitiska ansatsernja har inte uppmärksammats i tidigare forskning. (Less)
Abstract
Labour market policy has been at the forefront of economic and political debate in Sweden during the postwar period. Much research effort has been focused on the evolution of labour market policy and its historical roots. The time-perspective has often been narrow, however, and has very seldom extended to include the period prior to the first two decades of the twentieth century. This study emphasises the important part played by nineteenth century political and social events in the genesis of modern labour market policy and the Swedish "work principle". It is argued here that the first steps towards the development of this policy were taken during the 1830s and 1840s.



Unemployment became a social threat during the rapid... (More)
Labour market policy has been at the forefront of economic and political debate in Sweden during the postwar period. Much research effort has been focused on the evolution of labour market policy and its historical roots. The time-perspective has often been narrow, however, and has very seldom extended to include the period prior to the first two decades of the twentieth century. This study emphasises the important part played by nineteenth century political and social events in the genesis of modern labour market policy and the Swedish "work principle". It is argued here that the first steps towards the development of this policy were taken during the 1830s and 1840s.



Unemployment became a social threat during the rapid social and economic changes of the nineteenth century, making measures for relieving unemployment an important task. This may be explained by the rise of liberalism in Swedish politics, a development which reflected the structural transformation taking place in the nation at that time. Changes in the agricultural sector, social differentiation and rapid population growth necessitated a more flexible labour market. Policies changed, and mercantilist restraints were abolished. The appearance of free-market structures and wage-dependent groups gave new meaning to the word "unemployment" and to the social problems associated with the unemployment question. In the tense situation generated by the conflicts between a regulated and a market society, between a society based on the Estates and one based on class, and between conservatism and liberalism, the first steps were taken towards an unemployment policy.



Concern over the growth of a poor and unpropertied class marked the debate over poor relief, in which the problems of "involuntary unemployment" were ventilated for the first time. The report submitted in 1839 by the Poor Relief Commission appointed two years earlier, along with the poor relief statutes promulgated in 1847 and 1853, did not merely acknowledge the existence of involuntary unemployment. They also declared that society had an obligation to alleviate the plight of the unemployed in the form of relief works or public work projects. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Öhman, Berndt
organization
alternative title
The Unemployment Question in a Historical Perspective. A Discussion of the Unemployment Question in Swedish Policy 1830-1920
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
unemployment, labour market policy, "work principle", Ekonomisk och social historia, Social and economic history
in
Lund Studies in Economic History
volume
6
pages
258 pages
publisher
Studentlitteratur AB
defense location
Holger Crafoords Ekonomicentrum
defense date
1997-01-25 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAEH--96/1050--SE
ISSN
1400-4860
ISBN
91-7966-400-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
8120b7e3-a45d-400f-bb7d-ffc8aecba56f (old id 17653)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 09:30:39
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:54
@phdthesis{8120b7e3-a45d-400f-bb7d-ffc8aecba56f,
  abstract     = {Labour market policy has been at the forefront of economic and political debate in Sweden during the postwar period. Much research effort has been focused on the evolution of labour market policy and its historical roots. The time-perspective has often been narrow, however, and has very seldom extended to include the period prior to the first two decades of the twentieth century. This study emphasises the important part played by nineteenth century political and social events in the genesis of modern labour market policy and the Swedish "work principle". It is argued here that the first steps towards the development of this policy were taken during the 1830s and 1840s.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Unemployment became a social threat during the rapid social and economic changes of the nineteenth century, making measures for relieving unemployment an important task. This may be explained by the rise of liberalism in Swedish politics, a development which reflected the structural transformation taking place in the nation at that time. Changes in the agricultural sector, social differentiation and rapid population growth necessitated a more flexible labour market. Policies changed, and mercantilist restraints were abolished. The appearance of free-market structures and wage-dependent groups gave new meaning to the word "unemployment" and to the social problems associated with the unemployment question. In the tense situation generated by the conflicts between a regulated and a market society, between a society based on the Estates and one based on class, and between conservatism and liberalism, the first steps were taken towards an unemployment policy.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Concern over the growth of a poor and unpropertied class marked the debate over poor relief, in which the problems of "involuntary unemployment" were ventilated for the first time. The report submitted in 1839 by the Poor Relief Commission appointed two years earlier, along with the poor relief statutes promulgated in 1847 and 1853, did not merely acknowledge the existence of involuntary unemployment. They also declared that society had an obligation to alleviate the plight of the unemployed in the form of relief works or public work projects.},
  author       = {Olofsson, Jonas},
  isbn         = {91-7966-400-8},
  issn         = {1400-4860},
  keyword      = {unemployment,labour market policy,"work principle",Ekonomisk och social historia,Social and economic history},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {258},
  publisher    = {Studentlitteratur AB},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Economic History},
  title        = {Arbetslöshetsfrågan i historisk belysning : en diskussion om arbetslöshet och social politik i Sverige 1830-1920},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {1996},
}