Advanced

A parametric grammar of Seediq

Holmer, Arthur LU (1996) In Travaux de l'Institut de Linguistique de Lund 30.
Abstract
Seediq is an Austronesian language spoken in Taiwan. It has several characteristics which are typologically unusual but typical for Austronesian languages. VOS word order, subject-focus (i.e. a multipolar voice distinction which does not imply valency reduction) and cliticisation of subject pronouns.



This dissertation comprises a surface description of the grammar of the language presented in the same form as traditional grammars, which is included to allow the reader to get acquainted with the surface facts of the language. This is followed by a GB analysis of the syntax. Due to the valency-neutral properties of subject-focus, it is proposed that focus does not imply a change in Case-marking within VP, but rather that... (More)
Seediq is an Austronesian language spoken in Taiwan. It has several characteristics which are typologically unusual but typical for Austronesian languages. VOS word order, subject-focus (i.e. a multipolar voice distinction which does not imply valency reduction) and cliticisation of subject pronouns.



This dissertation comprises a surface description of the grammar of the language presented in the same form as traditional grammars, which is included to allow the reader to get acquainted with the surface facts of the language. This is followed by a GB analysis of the syntax. Due to the valency-neutral properties of subject-focus, it is proposed that focus does not imply a change in Case-marking within VP, but rather that it functions as agreement reflecting movement which has taken place for discourse reasons. The consequence of this is that movement in Seediq evidently can and does take place from one Case-position to another. It is furthermore proposed that this is exactly what also takes place in Western passives which imply a valency reduction, the difference being that Austronesian languages have a Case-marked SpecVP whereas Western languages do not.



Each parametric value given for Seediq is then compared with languages sharing this value and languages having the opposite value. This concerns both pure word order parameters and parameters which in some way affect movement. The purpose of this is to show how cross-linguistic variation of a given set of parameters can cause important syntactic differences between both related and unrelated languages.



This is followed by an analysis of the verbal morphology of Seediq, where a markedness-based model is illustrated which can account for the non-cooccurrence of certain morphemes (such as the active -m- and the imperative -i) and the portmanteau status of other morphemes. The dissertation concludes with a template-based analysis of the morphophonology of Seediq, where the inflection morphemes treated in the preceding section are projected onto a word structure template of the shape CVCVC. This accounts for the rather complex morphophonemic variations in Seediq. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • unknown], [unknown
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Austronesian, Atayalic, Formosan, Seediq, Sediq, subject-focus, Taiwan, Linguistics, Lingvistik, template, autosegmental phonology, morphophonology, markedness, morphology, word order, parametric variation, Case-theory, syntax, GB theory, voice, agreement, parameters
in
Travaux de l'Institut de Linguistique de Lund
volume
30
pages
237 pages
defense location
Inst. för Lingvistik, Absalon, Helgonabacken 12, Lund
defense date
1996-10-19 10:15
ISSN
0347-2558
ISBN
91-7966-382-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a3fc7ade-5aa2-49b2-bf95-2eab055e5a26 (old id 17731)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 09:10:00
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:00
@phdthesis{a3fc7ade-5aa2-49b2-bf95-2eab055e5a26,
  abstract     = {Seediq is an Austronesian language spoken in Taiwan. It has several characteristics which are typologically unusual but typical for Austronesian languages. VOS word order, subject-focus (i.e. a multipolar voice distinction which does not imply valency reduction) and cliticisation of subject pronouns.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This dissertation comprises a surface description of the grammar of the language presented in the same form as traditional grammars, which is included to allow the reader to get acquainted with the surface facts of the language. This is followed by a GB analysis of the syntax. Due to the valency-neutral properties of subject-focus, it is proposed that focus does not imply a change in Case-marking within VP, but rather that it functions as agreement reflecting movement which has taken place for discourse reasons. The consequence of this is that movement in Seediq evidently can and does take place from one Case-position to another. It is furthermore proposed that this is exactly what also takes place in Western passives which imply a valency reduction, the difference being that Austronesian languages have a Case-marked SpecVP whereas Western languages do not.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Each parametric value given for Seediq is then compared with languages sharing this value and languages having the opposite value. This concerns both pure word order parameters and parameters which in some way affect movement. The purpose of this is to show how cross-linguistic variation of a given set of parameters can cause important syntactic differences between both related and unrelated languages.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This is followed by an analysis of the verbal morphology of Seediq, where a markedness-based model is illustrated which can account for the non-cooccurrence of certain morphemes (such as the active -m- and the imperative -i) and the portmanteau status of other morphemes. The dissertation concludes with a template-based analysis of the morphophonology of Seediq, where the inflection morphemes treated in the preceding section are projected onto a word structure template of the shape CVCVC. This accounts for the rather complex morphophonemic variations in Seediq.},
  author       = {Holmer, Arthur},
  isbn         = {91-7966-382-6},
  issn         = {0347-2558},
  keyword      = {Austronesian,Atayalic,Formosan,Seediq,Sediq,subject-focus,Taiwan,Linguistics,Lingvistik,template,autosegmental phonology,morphophonology,markedness,morphology,word order,parametric variation,Case-theory,syntax,GB theory,voice,agreement,parameters},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {237},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Travaux de l'Institut de Linguistique de Lund},
  title        = {A parametric grammar of Seediq},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {1996},
}