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Multicentre prospective study of fascial closure rate after open abdomen with vacuum and mesh-mediated fascial traction.

Acosta, Stefan LU ; Bjarnason, Thordur LU ; Petersson, Ulf LU ; Pålsson, Birger LU ; Wanhainen, A; Svensson, M; Djavani, K and Björck, M (2011) In British Journal of Surgery 98. p.735-743
Abstract
BACKGROUND:: Damage control surgery and temporary open abdomen (OA) have been adopted widely, in both trauma and non-trauma situations. Several techniques for temporary abdominal closure have been developed. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the fascial closure rate in patients after vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) for long-term OA treatment, and to describe complications. METHODS:: This prospective study included all patients who received VAWCM treatment between 2006 and 2009 at four hospitals. Patients with anticipated OA treatment for fewer than 5 days and those with non-midline incisions were excluded. RESULTS:: Among 151 patients treated with an OA, 111 received VAWCM treatment.... (More)
BACKGROUND:: Damage control surgery and temporary open abdomen (OA) have been adopted widely, in both trauma and non-trauma situations. Several techniques for temporary abdominal closure have been developed. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the fascial closure rate in patients after vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) for long-term OA treatment, and to describe complications. METHODS:: This prospective study included all patients who received VAWCM treatment between 2006 and 2009 at four hospitals. Patients with anticipated OA treatment for fewer than 5 days and those with non-midline incisions were excluded. RESULTS:: Among 151 patients treated with an OA, 111 received VAWCM treatment. Median age was 68 years. Median OA treatment time was 14 days. Main disease aetiologies were vascular (45 patients), visceral surgical disease (57) and trauma (9). The fascial closure rate was 76·6 per cent in intention-to-treat analysis and 89 per cent in per-protocol analysis. Eight patients developed an intestinal fistula, of whom seven had intestinal ischaemia. Intestinal fistula was an independent factor associated with failure of fascial closure (odds ratio (OR) 8·55, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·47 to 49·72; P = 0·017). The in-hospital mortality rate was 29·7 per cent. Age (OR 1·21, 1·02 to 1·43; P = 0·027) and failure of fascial closure (OR 44·50, 1·13 to 1748·52; P = 0·043) were independently associated with in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION:: The VAWCM method provided a high fascial closure rate after long-term treatment of OA. Technique-related complications were few. No patient was left with a large planned ventral hernia. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
British Journal of Surgery
volume
98
pages
735 - 743
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000289262900021
  • pmid:21462176
  • scopus:79953696530
ISSN
1365-2168
DOI
10.1002/bjs.7383
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ad9ba327-b081-44a3-8535-cf8e58ebc0cc (old id 1777436)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21240906?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-02-01 14:27:18
date last changed
2017-11-19 04:17:08
@article{ad9ba327-b081-44a3-8535-cf8e58ebc0cc,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND:: Damage control surgery and temporary open abdomen (OA) have been adopted widely, in both trauma and non-trauma situations. Several techniques for temporary abdominal closure have been developed. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the fascial closure rate in patients after vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) for long-term OA treatment, and to describe complications. METHODS:: This prospective study included all patients who received VAWCM treatment between 2006 and 2009 at four hospitals. Patients with anticipated OA treatment for fewer than 5 days and those with non-midline incisions were excluded. RESULTS:: Among 151 patients treated with an OA, 111 received VAWCM treatment. Median age was 68 years. Median OA treatment time was 14 days. Main disease aetiologies were vascular (45 patients), visceral surgical disease (57) and trauma (9). The fascial closure rate was 76·6 per cent in intention-to-treat analysis and 89 per cent in per-protocol analysis. Eight patients developed an intestinal fistula, of whom seven had intestinal ischaemia. Intestinal fistula was an independent factor associated with failure of fascial closure (odds ratio (OR) 8·55, 95 per cent confidence interval 1·47 to 49·72; P = 0·017). The in-hospital mortality rate was 29·7 per cent. Age (OR 1·21, 1·02 to 1·43; P = 0·027) and failure of fascial closure (OR 44·50, 1·13 to 1748·52; P = 0·043) were independently associated with in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION:: The VAWCM method provided a high fascial closure rate after long-term treatment of OA. Technique-related complications were few. No patient was left with a large planned ventral hernia. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.},
  author       = {Acosta, Stefan and Bjarnason, Thordur and Petersson, Ulf and Pålsson, Birger and Wanhainen, A and Svensson, M and Djavani, K and Björck, M},
  issn         = {1365-2168},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {735--743},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {British Journal of Surgery},
  title        = {Multicentre prospective study of fascial closure rate after open abdomen with vacuum and mesh-mediated fascial traction.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.7383},
  volume       = {98},
  year         = {2011},
}