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Att utforska sitt ursprung: identitetsformande under adolescensen hos utlandsfödda adopterade: betydelsen av biologiskt och etniskt ursprung

Irhammar, Malin LU (1997)
Abstract
Within the Eriksonian identity tradition, exploration of different life domains is crucial to identity formation. This is a process supposed to start during adolescence and develop in a social context. Most of the adopted children in Sweden, now in adolescence, are adopted from countries outside of Europe, which means that they neither share their biological nor ethnical roots with their adoptive parents. What does their origin mean to them? The purpose of the study has been:



1. to study the adoptees1 identity formation with respect to two life domains; biological and ethnical origin, reflected through: a) their thoughts of, and b) interest in biological origin, and c) their interest in searching for knowledge about... (More)
Within the Eriksonian identity tradition, exploration of different life domains is crucial to identity formation. This is a process supposed to start during adolescence and develop in a social context. Most of the adopted children in Sweden, now in adolescence, are adopted from countries outside of Europe, which means that they neither share their biological nor ethnical roots with their adoptive parents. What does their origin mean to them? The purpose of the study has been:



1. to study the adoptees1 identity formation with respect to two life domains; biological and ethnical origin, reflected through: a) their thoughts of, and b) interest in biological origin, and c) their interest in searching for knowledge about their ethnic origin and d) their ethnic self-identity;



2. to study a-d in relationship to social conditions and attitudes in the adoptive family concerning the child1s origin, attitudes from the environment, and characteristics of the adoptees such as psychic health, self-esteem, sex, age, and ethnic origin.



In the present study of 181 adoptees and their adoptive parents, semi-structured interviews and self-rating instruments have been used. Most of the adoptees were born in Asia and Latin America and were 13-27 years at the time of the interview. The material has been analysed with statistical and qualitative methods.



To the adoptees, the significance of their origin varied from individual to individual and during different periods in life. Exploration of origin can reflect a normal identity development, but can also be an expression of an unsatisfactory life situation. A Swedish self identity seems to be unproblematic for adoptees born abroad. But they will probably encounter situations where they meet the same attitudes in society as do ethnic minority members, and will need strategies to handle these situations in order not to experience transgression. It is argued that the adoptee´s self-esteem, as well as openness about his/her origin from the adoptive family´s side is important for the process of identity formation. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Associate Professor Granström, Kjell, Linköping University
organization
alternative title
Exploration of origin. Identity formation during adolescence in adoptees born abroad. Meaning of biological and ethnical origin
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Development psychology, adolescence, Identity formation, adoptees born abroad, ethnical origin, biological origin, Utvecklingspsykologi
pages
282 pages
publisher
Department of Psychology, Lund University
defense location
Palaestras hörsal, Universitetsplatsen, Lund
defense date
1997-05-31 13:00
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAPS--97/1076--SE
ISBN
91-630-5379-9
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
0f27f4c9-fbe7-4637-94f9-ba9882dc3661 (old id 18320)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 12:37:31
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:02
@phdthesis{0f27f4c9-fbe7-4637-94f9-ba9882dc3661,
  abstract     = {Within the Eriksonian identity tradition, exploration of different life domains is crucial to identity formation. This is a process supposed to start during adolescence and develop in a social context. Most of the adopted children in Sweden, now in adolescence, are adopted from countries outside of Europe, which means that they neither share their biological nor ethnical roots with their adoptive parents. What does their origin mean to them? The purpose of the study has been:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
1. to study the adoptees1 identity formation with respect to two life domains; biological and ethnical origin, reflected through: a) their thoughts of, and b) interest in biological origin, and c) their interest in searching for knowledge about their ethnic origin and d) their ethnic self-identity;<br/><br>
<br/><br>
2. to study a-d in relationship to social conditions and attitudes in the adoptive family concerning the child1s origin, attitudes from the environment, and characteristics of the adoptees such as psychic health, self-esteem, sex, age, and ethnic origin.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In the present study of 181 adoptees and their adoptive parents, semi-structured interviews and self-rating instruments have been used. Most of the adoptees were born in Asia and Latin America and were 13-27 years at the time of the interview. The material has been analysed with statistical and qualitative methods.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
To the adoptees, the significance of their origin varied from individual to individual and during different periods in life. Exploration of origin can reflect a normal identity development, but can also be an expression of an unsatisfactory life situation. A Swedish self identity seems to be unproblematic for adoptees born abroad. But they will probably encounter situations where they meet the same attitudes in society as do ethnic minority members, and will need strategies to handle these situations in order not to experience transgression. It is argued that the adoptee´s self-esteem, as well as openness about his/her origin from the adoptive family´s side is important for the process of identity formation.},
  author       = {Irhammar, Malin},
  isbn         = {91-630-5379-9},
  keyword      = {Development psychology,adolescence,Identity formation,adoptees born abroad,ethnical origin,biological origin,Utvecklingspsykologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {282},
  publisher    = {Department of Psychology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Att utforska sitt ursprung: identitetsformande under adolescensen hos utlandsfödda adopterade: betydelsen av biologiskt och etniskt ursprung},
  year         = {1997},
}