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Acute Stress Disorder Revisited

Cardeña, Etzel LU and Carlson, Eve (2011) In Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 7. p.245-267
Abstract
Acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) taxonomy in 1994 to address the lack of a specific diagnosis for acute pathological reactions to trauma and the role that dissociative phenomena play both in the short- and long-term reactions to trauma. In this review, we discuss the history and goals of the diagnosis and compare it with the diagnoses of acute stress reaction, combat stress reaction, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We also evaluate the research on the validity and limitations of ASD as a diagnosis, the relationship between peritraumatic dissociation and other symptomatology, the extent to which PTSD is predicted by previous ASD or peritraumatic dissociation, and other... (More)
Acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) taxonomy in 1994 to address the lack of a specific diagnosis for acute pathological reactions to trauma and the role that dissociative phenomena play both in the short- and long-term reactions to trauma. In this review, we discuss the history and goals of the diagnosis and compare it with the diagnoses of acute stress reaction, combat stress reaction, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We also evaluate the research on the validity and limitations of ASD as a diagnosis, the relationship between peritraumatic dissociation and other symptomatology, the extent to which PTSD is predicted by previous ASD or peritraumatic dissociation, and other important issues such as impairment and risk factors related to ASD. We conclude with our recommendations for changes in DSM-5 criteria and the development of more sophisticated research that considers ASD as but one of two or possibly three common acute posttraumatic syndromes. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Clinical Psychology Volume 7 is March 27, 2011. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
volume
7
pages
245 - 267
publisher
Annual Reviews
external identifiers
  • wos:000290238600010
  • scopus:79953655867
ISSN
1548-5951
DOI
10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104502
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
77b4cb6e-dfac-4728-bc93-ae5ad33a85bd (old id 1832636)
date added to LUP
2011-03-23 13:27:54
date last changed
2017-09-24 03:05:15
@article{77b4cb6e-dfac-4728-bc93-ae5ad33a85bd,
  abstract     = {Acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) taxonomy in 1994 to address the lack of a specific diagnosis for acute pathological reactions to trauma and the role that dissociative phenomena play both in the short- and long-term reactions to trauma. In this review, we discuss the history and goals of the diagnosis and compare it with the diagnoses of acute stress reaction, combat stress reaction, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We also evaluate the research on the validity and limitations of ASD as a diagnosis, the relationship between peritraumatic dissociation and other symptomatology, the extent to which PTSD is predicted by previous ASD or peritraumatic dissociation, and other important issues such as impairment and risk factors related to ASD. We conclude with our recommendations for changes in DSM-5 criteria and the development of more sophisticated research that considers ASD as but one of two or possibly three common acute posttraumatic syndromes. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Clinical Psychology Volume 7 is March 27, 2011. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates.},
  author       = {Cardeña, Etzel and Carlson, Eve},
  issn         = {1548-5951},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {245--267},
  publisher    = {Annual Reviews},
  series       = {Annual Review of Clinical Psychology},
  title        = {Acute Stress Disorder Revisited},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104502},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2011},
}