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Understanding Occupation, Sick Leave, and Disability Pension Due to Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis From a Sex Perspective

Hubertsson, Jenny LU ; Turkiewicz, Aleksandra LU ; Petersson, Ingemar F. LU and Englund, Martin LU (2017) In Arthritis Care and Research1988-01-01+01:002000-01-01+01:00 69(2). p.226-233
Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association between occupation and risk for sick leave or disability pension due to knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA) from a sex perspective. Methods: We conducted a population-based study including residents ages 40–70 years in the Skåne region, Sweden (2007) and working in the included job sectors (n = 165,179). We retrieved data on cause-specific sick leave and disability pension (2007–2012) and linked to individual information on occupation and education (2007). Occupations were classified into job sectors. We calculated sex-specific, age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of sick leave and disability pension due to OA in traditionally female-dominated job sectors (health care, child care, and cleaning) and... (More)

Objective: To investigate the association between occupation and risk for sick leave or disability pension due to knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA) from a sex perspective. Methods: We conducted a population-based study including residents ages 40–70 years in the Skåne region, Sweden (2007) and working in the included job sectors (n = 165,179). We retrieved data on cause-specific sick leave and disability pension (2007–2012) and linked to individual information on occupation and education (2007). Occupations were classified into job sectors. We calculated sex-specific, age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of sick leave and disability pension due to OA in traditionally female-dominated job sectors (health care, child care, and cleaning) and traditionally male-dominated job sectors (construction, farming, metal work, or transportation) compared to business and administration. Results: Of all eligible subjects, 2,445 had sick leave or disability pension due to knee or hip OA. Adjusted for age, the risk of sick leave due to knee OA was increased for women working in health care, with an OR of 3.3 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 2.6–4.2), child care OR 2.9 (95% CI 2.2–3.8), and cleaning OR 3.0 (95% CI 2.2–4.1), as was the risk for disability pension. The risk was increased also for persons working in occupations with higher educational requirements. The risk was similarly increased in male-dominated sectors. In female-dominated job sectors the risk of sick leave and disability pension due to knee OA, but not hip OA, was higher than that for other musculoskeletal diseases. Conclusion: Traditionally female-dominated occupational sectors are associated with an increased risk of sick leave and disability pension due to knee OA.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Arthritis Care and Research1988-01-01+01:002000-01-01+01:00
volume
69
issue
2
pages
8 pages
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:85010888095
  • wos:000393875500009
ISSN
2151-464X
DOI
10.1002/acr.22909
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1909d93a-7104-40cf-92b3-beb9fd7046c7
date added to LUP
2017-02-14 11:18:34
date last changed
2018-04-15 04:40:52
@article{1909d93a-7104-40cf-92b3-beb9fd7046c7,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: To investigate the association between occupation and risk for sick leave or disability pension due to knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA) from a sex perspective. Methods: We conducted a population-based study including residents ages 40–70 years in the Skåne region, Sweden (2007) and working in the included job sectors (n = 165,179). We retrieved data on cause-specific sick leave and disability pension (2007–2012) and linked to individual information on occupation and education (2007). Occupations were classified into job sectors. We calculated sex-specific, age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of sick leave and disability pension due to OA in traditionally female-dominated job sectors (health care, child care, and cleaning) and traditionally male-dominated job sectors (construction, farming, metal work, or transportation) compared to business and administration. Results: Of all eligible subjects, 2,445 had sick leave or disability pension due to knee or hip OA. Adjusted for age, the risk of sick leave due to knee OA was increased for women working in health care, with an OR of 3.3 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 2.6–4.2), child care OR 2.9 (95% CI 2.2–3.8), and cleaning OR 3.0 (95% CI 2.2–4.1), as was the risk for disability pension. The risk was increased also for persons working in occupations with higher educational requirements. The risk was similarly increased in male-dominated sectors. In female-dominated job sectors the risk of sick leave and disability pension due to knee OA, but not hip OA, was higher than that for other musculoskeletal diseases. Conclusion: Traditionally female-dominated occupational sectors are associated with an increased risk of sick leave and disability pension due to knee OA.</p>},
  author       = {Hubertsson, Jenny and Turkiewicz, Aleksandra and Petersson, Ingemar F. and Englund, Martin},
  issn         = {2151-464X},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {226--233},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Arthritis Care and Research1988-01-01+01:002000-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Understanding Occupation, Sick Leave, and Disability Pension Due to Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis From a Sex Perspective},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.22909},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2017},
}