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Impact of a six-month empowerment-based exercise intervention programme in non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls

Lindgren, Eva-Carin; Baigi, Amir; Apitzsch, Erwin LU and Bergh, Hakan (2011) In Health Education Journal 70(1). p.9-20
Abstract
Objective: This study evaluated changes in self-efficacy in non-physically active adolescent girls (13-19 years old) who participated in a six-month, empowerment-based exercise intervention programme (EIP). Design: The study used a pre- and post-test randomized group design and included one pre-and one posttest (at six months) and non-physically active adolescent girls (N = 110) were assigned to an intervention group (n = 54) or a comparison group (n = 56). Setting: Two upper secondary schools and five secondary schools, located in the low socio-economic areas of two communities in southern Sweden were involved in the study. Method: The Swedish version of a 10-item General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES) and the Social Barriers to Exercise... (More)
Objective: This study evaluated changes in self-efficacy in non-physically active adolescent girls (13-19 years old) who participated in a six-month, empowerment-based exercise intervention programme (EIP). Design: The study used a pre- and post-test randomized group design and included one pre-and one posttest (at six months) and non-physically active adolescent girls (N = 110) were assigned to an intervention group (n = 54) or a comparison group (n = 56). Setting: Two upper secondary schools and five secondary schools, located in the low socio-economic areas of two communities in southern Sweden were involved in the study. Method: The Swedish version of a 10-item General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES) and the Social Barriers to Exercise Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SPBESQ) were used. In addition, BMI and results from a physical fitness test were measured. For statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon's matched-pairs signed-rank test were used. Results: Analysis showed a statistically significant difference in GSES scores (p = 0.037) between the groups after the EIP was implemented. Girls in the intervention group had increased their levels of general perceived self-efficacy (p = 0.004). Both groups increased their level of physical fitness (intervention, p = 0.06 and control, p = 0.013). BMI increased in the control group (p = 0.031). Conclusions: The EIP had an impact on adolescent girls' general perceived self-efficacy and can be regarded as an outcome of empowerment that indicates the development of the adolescent girls' ability to effectively deal with a variety of stressful situations in general. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
empowerment, exercise, girls, intervention, self-efficacy
in
Health Education Journal
volume
70
issue
1
pages
9 - 20
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000288066600003
  • scopus:79956057446
ISSN
0017-8969
DOI
10.1177/0017896910379366
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f62a7fb1-7433-4a5b-8941-cacc146ab62e (old id 1925370)
date added to LUP
2011-05-11 13:30:41
date last changed
2017-04-23 03:16:19
@article{f62a7fb1-7433-4a5b-8941-cacc146ab62e,
  abstract     = {Objective: This study evaluated changes in self-efficacy in non-physically active adolescent girls (13-19 years old) who participated in a six-month, empowerment-based exercise intervention programme (EIP). Design: The study used a pre- and post-test randomized group design and included one pre-and one posttest (at six months) and non-physically active adolescent girls (N = 110) were assigned to an intervention group (n = 54) or a comparison group (n = 56). Setting: Two upper secondary schools and five secondary schools, located in the low socio-economic areas of two communities in southern Sweden were involved in the study. Method: The Swedish version of a 10-item General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES) and the Social Barriers to Exercise Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SPBESQ) were used. In addition, BMI and results from a physical fitness test were measured. For statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon's matched-pairs signed-rank test were used. Results: Analysis showed a statistically significant difference in GSES scores (p = 0.037) between the groups after the EIP was implemented. Girls in the intervention group had increased their levels of general perceived self-efficacy (p = 0.004). Both groups increased their level of physical fitness (intervention, p = 0.06 and control, p = 0.013). BMI increased in the control group (p = 0.031). Conclusions: The EIP had an impact on adolescent girls' general perceived self-efficacy and can be regarded as an outcome of empowerment that indicates the development of the adolescent girls' ability to effectively deal with a variety of stressful situations in general.},
  author       = {Lindgren, Eva-Carin and Baigi, Amir and Apitzsch, Erwin and Bergh, Hakan},
  issn         = {0017-8969},
  keyword      = {empowerment,exercise,girls,intervention,self-efficacy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {9--20},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Health Education Journal},
  title        = {Impact of a six-month empowerment-based exercise intervention programme in non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0017896910379366},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2011},
}