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Alteration in contractile G-protein coupled receptor expression by moist snus and nicotine in rat cerebral arteries

Sandhu, Hardip; Xu, Cang-Bao LU and Edvinsson, Lars LU (2011) In Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 252(2). p.138-149
Abstract
The cardiovascular risk for users of use of Swedish snus/American snuff (moist tobacco) has been debated for a long time. The present study was designed to examine the effects of water- or lipid-soluble (DMSO-soluble) snus and nicotine, the most important substance in tobacco, on the expression of vasocontractile G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR), such as endothelin ETB, serotonin 5-HT1B, and thromboxane A(2) TP receptors, in rat cerebral arteries. Studies show that these vasocontractile GPCR show alterations by lipid-soluble cigarette smoke particles via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). However, the effects of moist tobacco on the expression of GPCR are less studied. Rat middle cerebral arteries were isolated and... (More)
The cardiovascular risk for users of use of Swedish snus/American snuff (moist tobacco) has been debated for a long time. The present study was designed to examine the effects of water- or lipid-soluble (DMSO-soluble) snus and nicotine, the most important substance in tobacco, on the expression of vasocontractile G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR), such as endothelin ETB, serotonin 5-HT1B, and thromboxane A(2) TP receptors, in rat cerebral arteries. Studies show that these vasocontractile GPCR show alterations by lipid-soluble cigarette smoke particles via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). However, the effects of moist tobacco on the expression of GPCR are less studied. Rat middle cerebral arteries were isolated and organ cultured in serum-free medium for 24 h in the presence of water-soluble snus (WSS), DMSO-soluble snus (DSS), or nicotine. The dose of snus and nicotine was kept at plasma level of snus users (25 ng nicotine/ml). A high dose (250 ng nicotine/ml) was also included due to the previous results showing alteration in the GPCR expression by nicotine at this concentration. Contractile responses to the ETB receptor agonist sarafotoxin 6c, 5-HT1B receptor agonist 5-carboxamidotryptamine, and TP receptor agonist U46619 were investigated by a sensitive myograph. The expression of ETB, 5-HT1B, and TP receptors was studied at mRNA and protein levels using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Organ culture with WSS or DSS (25 ng nicotine/ml) lowered the 5-HT1B receptor-mediated contraction. Furthermore, DSS shifted the TP receptor-mediated contraction curve left-wards with a stronger contraction. High dose of nicotine (250 ng nicotine/ml) increased the ETB receptor-mediated contraction. The combined 5-HT1B and 5-HT2A receptor-mediated contraction was increased, and both the 5-CT and TxA2 induced contractions were left-ward shifted by WSS, DSS, or nicotine (250 ng nicotine/ml). Only the DSS group showed that the increase of 5-HT1B receptor-mediated contraction occurred at the transcriptional level, demonstrated by an increased mRNA expression for the receptor. Thus, snus and nicotine alter the GPCR expression in the cerebral arteries, which may be involved in cerebral vascular disease. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
* Nicotine * Moist tobacco snus (snuff) * Endothelin ETB receptor * Serotonin 5-HT1B receptor * Thromboxane A(2) TP receptors * Cerebral * arteries
in
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
volume
252
issue
2
pages
138 - 149
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000289747500007
  • scopus:79953700255
ISSN
1096-0333
DOI
10.1016/j.taap.2011.01.016
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1935e68a-570b-4ddf-9d62-65ff1bb630c2 (old id 1964760)
date added to LUP
2011-05-23 14:22:42
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:06:46
@article{1935e68a-570b-4ddf-9d62-65ff1bb630c2,
  abstract     = {The cardiovascular risk for users of use of Swedish snus/American snuff (moist tobacco) has been debated for a long time. The present study was designed to examine the effects of water- or lipid-soluble (DMSO-soluble) snus and nicotine, the most important substance in tobacco, on the expression of vasocontractile G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR), such as endothelin ETB, serotonin 5-HT1B, and thromboxane A(2) TP receptors, in rat cerebral arteries. Studies show that these vasocontractile GPCR show alterations by lipid-soluble cigarette smoke particles via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). However, the effects of moist tobacco on the expression of GPCR are less studied. Rat middle cerebral arteries were isolated and organ cultured in serum-free medium for 24 h in the presence of water-soluble snus (WSS), DMSO-soluble snus (DSS), or nicotine. The dose of snus and nicotine was kept at plasma level of snus users (25 ng nicotine/ml). A high dose (250 ng nicotine/ml) was also included due to the previous results showing alteration in the GPCR expression by nicotine at this concentration. Contractile responses to the ETB receptor agonist sarafotoxin 6c, 5-HT1B receptor agonist 5-carboxamidotryptamine, and TP receptor agonist U46619 were investigated by a sensitive myograph. The expression of ETB, 5-HT1B, and TP receptors was studied at mRNA and protein levels using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Organ culture with WSS or DSS (25 ng nicotine/ml) lowered the 5-HT1B receptor-mediated contraction. Furthermore, DSS shifted the TP receptor-mediated contraction curve left-wards with a stronger contraction. High dose of nicotine (250 ng nicotine/ml) increased the ETB receptor-mediated contraction. The combined 5-HT1B and 5-HT2A receptor-mediated contraction was increased, and both the 5-CT and TxA2 induced contractions were left-ward shifted by WSS, DSS, or nicotine (250 ng nicotine/ml). Only the DSS group showed that the increase of 5-HT1B receptor-mediated contraction occurred at the transcriptional level, demonstrated by an increased mRNA expression for the receptor. Thus, snus and nicotine alter the GPCR expression in the cerebral arteries, which may be involved in cerebral vascular disease. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Sandhu, Hardip and Xu, Cang-Bao and Edvinsson, Lars},
  issn         = {1096-0333},
  keyword      = {* Nicotine
* Moist tobacco snus (snuff)
* Endothelin ETB receptor
* Serotonin 5-HT1B receptor
* Thromboxane A(2) TP receptors 
* Cerebral
* arteries},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {138--149},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology},
  title        = {Alteration in contractile G-protein coupled receptor expression by moist snus and nicotine in rat cerebral arteries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2011.01.016},
  volume       = {252},
  year         = {2011},
}