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Monitoring of cerebral oximetry during head-up tilt test in adults with history of syncope and orthostatic intolerance

Bachus, E LU ; Holm, H. LU ; Hamrefors, V LU ; Melander, O LU ; Sutton, R; Magnusson, M. LU and Fedorowski, A LU (2017) In Europace
Abstract

Aims: We applied near-infrared-spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure absolute frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients investigated for unexplained syncope.

Methods and results: Synchronized non-invasive beat-to-beat haemodynamic monitoring, ECG, SctO2 (NIRS; normal range: 60-80%), and peripheral oxygen saturation (left hand, SpO2) were applied during HUT in a random sample of patients with unexplained syncope. Tracings of 54 patients (mean-age: 55 ± 19 years, 39% male) with negative HUT, vasovagal syncope (VVS), or orthostatic hypotension (OH) were analysed. In 44 patients HUT was diagnostic, in 10 HUT was negative. Thirty-one experienced VVS. Of these, 6 had spontaneous and 25... (More)

Aims: We applied near-infrared-spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure absolute frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients investigated for unexplained syncope.

Methods and results: Synchronized non-invasive beat-to-beat haemodynamic monitoring, ECG, SctO2 (NIRS; normal range: 60-80%), and peripheral oxygen saturation (left hand, SpO2) were applied during HUT in a random sample of patients with unexplained syncope. Tracings of 54 patients (mean-age: 55 ± 19 years, 39% male) with negative HUT, vasovagal syncope (VVS), or orthostatic hypotension (OH) were analysed. In 44 patients HUT was diagnostic, in 10 HUT was negative. Thirty-one experienced VVS. Of these, 6 had spontaneous and 25 nitroglycerin-induced syncope. Thirteen patients had orthostatic hypotension (OH). Although there was no significant change in mean-arterial pressure from baseline to 1 min before syncope or end of passive HUT phase (-1.4 ± 13.9 mmHg; P = 0.45), there was a significant fall in SctO2 during the same period (-3.2 ± 3.2%; P ≤ 0.001). Among patients who experienced syncope, a decrease in SctO2 from 71 ± 5% at baseline to 53 ± 9% (P < 0.001) at syncope was observed. During HUT, there was a significant difference in delta SctO2 between spontaneous VVS (-4.5 ± 3.0%) and negative HUT (-1.3 ± 1.9%; P  = 0.021), but not between spontaneous VVS and OH (-5.4 ± 4.2%; P = 0.65). In spontaneous VVS, progressive decrease of SctO2 was independent of mean arterial pressure decrease (P  = 0.22).

Conclusions: Progressive decrease in cerebral tissue oxygenation independent of mean-arterial pressure may precede spontaneous vasovagal reflex during tilt. Patients experience syncope when SctO2 falls below 60%. These data confirm clinical utility of absolute cerebral oximetry monitoring for syncope investigation. We applied NIRS to measure frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients with unexplained syncope. In 44 of 54 patients, HUT was diagnostic. In patients with syncope, a significant SctO2-decrease was observed. Different patterns of SctO2 can be detected.

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Journal Article
in
Europace
publisher
Oxford University Press
ISSN
1532-2092
DOI
10.1093/europace/eux298
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
196b554c-c6e4-49b0-a098-677a7f9d04e8
date added to LUP
2017-11-06 11:05:08
date last changed
2017-11-06 13:26:38
@article{196b554c-c6e4-49b0-a098-677a7f9d04e8,
  abstract     = {<p>Aims: We applied near-infrared-spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure absolute frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients investigated for unexplained syncope.</p><p>Methods and results: Synchronized non-invasive beat-to-beat haemodynamic monitoring, ECG, SctO2 (NIRS; normal range: 60-80%), and peripheral oxygen saturation (left hand, SpO2) were applied during HUT in a random sample of patients with unexplained syncope. Tracings of 54 patients (mean-age: 55 ± 19 years, 39% male) with negative HUT, vasovagal syncope (VVS), or orthostatic hypotension (OH) were analysed. In 44 patients HUT was diagnostic, in 10 HUT was negative. Thirty-one experienced VVS. Of these, 6 had spontaneous and 25 nitroglycerin-induced syncope. Thirteen patients had orthostatic hypotension (OH). Although there was no significant change in mean-arterial pressure from baseline to 1 min before syncope or end of passive HUT phase (-1.4 ± 13.9 mmHg; P = 0.45), there was a significant fall in SctO2 during the same period (-3.2 ± 3.2%; P ≤ 0.001). Among patients who experienced syncope, a decrease in SctO2 from 71 ± 5% at baseline to 53 ± 9% (P &lt; 0.001) at syncope was observed. During HUT, there was a significant difference in delta SctO2 between spontaneous VVS (-4.5 ± 3.0%) and negative HUT (-1.3 ± 1.9%; P  = 0.021), but not between spontaneous VVS and OH (-5.4 ± 4.2%; P = 0.65). In spontaneous VVS, progressive decrease of SctO2 was independent of mean arterial pressure decrease (P  = 0.22).</p><p>Conclusions: Progressive decrease in cerebral tissue oxygenation independent of mean-arterial pressure may precede spontaneous vasovagal reflex during tilt. Patients experience syncope when SctO2 falls below 60%. These data confirm clinical utility of absolute cerebral oximetry monitoring for syncope investigation. We applied NIRS to measure frontal cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) during head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients with unexplained syncope. In 44 of 54 patients, HUT was diagnostic. In patients with syncope, a significant SctO2-decrease was observed. Different patterns of SctO2 can be detected.</p>},
  author       = {Bachus, E and Holm, H. and Hamrefors, V and Melander, O and Sutton, R and Magnusson, M. and Fedorowski, A},
  issn         = {1532-2092},
  keyword      = {Journal Article},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Europace},
  title        = {Monitoring of cerebral oximetry during head-up tilt test in adults with history of syncope and orthostatic intolerance},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/eux298},
  year         = {2017},
}