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A global knowledge economy? Biopolitical strategies in India and the European Union

Lofgren, Hans and Benner, Mats LU (2011) In Journal of Sociology 47(2). p.163-180
Abstract
This article critiques the notion of a cross-national convergence of institutional and policy responses to science-based technologies. The continued significance of institutional legacies is demonstrated through a comparative analysis of strategies for the biopharma industry in two radically different settings: India and the European Union (EU). Tensions are evident in both the EU 'high' route and the mixed strategy pursued in India. State promotion of biopharma is seen in India as a pathway to economic development, framed by a vision of India as a global power. Here, the 'low' route of cost advantages is combined with a 'global' rhetoric of innovation, modeled on US experience, and uneven forays into advanced R&D. The pursuit of... (More)
This article critiques the notion of a cross-national convergence of institutional and policy responses to science-based technologies. The continued significance of institutional legacies is demonstrated through a comparative analysis of strategies for the biopharma industry in two radically different settings: India and the European Union (EU). Tensions are evident in both the EU 'high' route and the mixed strategy pursued in India. State promotion of biopharma is seen in India as a pathway to economic development, framed by a vision of India as a global power. Here, the 'low' route of cost advantages is combined with a 'global' rhetoric of innovation, modeled on US experience, and uneven forays into advanced R&D. The pursuit of product innovation was reinforced by India's adoption of TRIPS-mandated intellectual property rights. In the EU, the aim is an integrated policy and regulatory approach to sustain and legitimize European integration, with the ultimate intent of overtaking the USA. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
biotechnology, European Union, globalization, India, knowledge economy
in
Journal of Sociology
volume
47
issue
2
pages
163 - 180
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000291149700003
  • scopus:79958156090
ISSN
1440-7833
DOI
10.1177/1440783310386832
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c852df22-b504-4d06-ac13-ad1c97d47bdd (old id 1985315)
date added to LUP
2011-07-06 14:09:09
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:04:05
@article{c852df22-b504-4d06-ac13-ad1c97d47bdd,
  abstract     = {This article critiques the notion of a cross-national convergence of institutional and policy responses to science-based technologies. The continued significance of institutional legacies is demonstrated through a comparative analysis of strategies for the biopharma industry in two radically different settings: India and the European Union (EU). Tensions are evident in both the EU 'high' route and the mixed strategy pursued in India. State promotion of biopharma is seen in India as a pathway to economic development, framed by a vision of India as a global power. Here, the 'low' route of cost advantages is combined with a 'global' rhetoric of innovation, modeled on US experience, and uneven forays into advanced R&D. The pursuit of product innovation was reinforced by India's adoption of TRIPS-mandated intellectual property rights. In the EU, the aim is an integrated policy and regulatory approach to sustain and legitimize European integration, with the ultimate intent of overtaking the USA.},
  author       = {Lofgren, Hans and Benner, Mats},
  issn         = {1440-7833},
  keyword      = {biotechnology,European Union,globalization,India,knowledge economy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {163--180},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Journal of Sociology},
  title        = {A global knowledge economy? Biopolitical strategies in India and the European Union},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1440783310386832},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2011},
}