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Solar radiation and human health

Juzeniene, Asta; Brekke, Pal; Dahlback, Arne; Andersson-Engels, Stefan LU ; Reichrath, Joerg; Moan, Kristin; Holick, Michael F.; Grant, William B. and Moan, Johan (2011) In Reports on Progress in Physics 74(6).
Abstract
The Sun has played a major role in the development of life on Earth. In Western culture, people are warned against Sun exposure because of its adverse effects: erythema, photoimmunosuppression, photoageing, photocarcinogenesis, cataracts and photokeratitis. However, Sun exposure is also beneficial, since moderate doses give beneficial physiological effects: vitamin D synthesis, reduction of blood pressure and mental health. Shortage of Sun exposure may be even more dangerous to human health than excessive exposure. Avoiding Sun exposure leads to vitamin D deficiency which is associated not only with rickets and osteomalacia, but also with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes,... (More)
The Sun has played a major role in the development of life on Earth. In Western culture, people are warned against Sun exposure because of its adverse effects: erythema, photoimmunosuppression, photoageing, photocarcinogenesis, cataracts and photokeratitis. However, Sun exposure is also beneficial, since moderate doses give beneficial physiological effects: vitamin D synthesis, reduction of blood pressure and mental health. Shortage of Sun exposure may be even more dangerous to human health than excessive exposure. Avoiding Sun exposure leads to vitamin D deficiency which is associated not only with rickets and osteomalacia, but also with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, influenza, many types of cancer and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Solar radiation induces nitric oxide release in tissue and immediate pigment darkening which certainly play important roles, although these are still unknown. Action spectra relevant for health are described. We will also review what is known about spectral and intensity variations of terrestrial solar radiation as well as its penetration through the atmosphere and into human skin and tissue. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Reports on Progress in Physics
volume
74
issue
6
publisher
IOP Publishing
external identifiers
  • wos:000290854300002
  • scopus:79957671336
ISSN
0034-4885
DOI
10.1088/0034-4885/74/6/066701
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a866540f-b978-4a91-a87a-fe319325e88c (old id 1986230)
date added to LUP
2011-06-29 12:41:01
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:43:04
@article{a866540f-b978-4a91-a87a-fe319325e88c,
  abstract     = {The Sun has played a major role in the development of life on Earth. In Western culture, people are warned against Sun exposure because of its adverse effects: erythema, photoimmunosuppression, photoageing, photocarcinogenesis, cataracts and photokeratitis. However, Sun exposure is also beneficial, since moderate doses give beneficial physiological effects: vitamin D synthesis, reduction of blood pressure and mental health. Shortage of Sun exposure may be even more dangerous to human health than excessive exposure. Avoiding Sun exposure leads to vitamin D deficiency which is associated not only with rickets and osteomalacia, but also with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, influenza, many types of cancer and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Solar radiation induces nitric oxide release in tissue and immediate pigment darkening which certainly play important roles, although these are still unknown. Action spectra relevant for health are described. We will also review what is known about spectral and intensity variations of terrestrial solar radiation as well as its penetration through the atmosphere and into human skin and tissue.},
  articleno    = {066701},
  author       = {Juzeniene, Asta and Brekke, Pal and Dahlback, Arne and Andersson-Engels, Stefan and Reichrath, Joerg and Moan, Kristin and Holick, Michael F. and Grant, William B. and Moan, Johan},
  issn         = {0034-4885},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  publisher    = {IOP Publishing},
  series       = {Reports on Progress in Physics},
  title        = {Solar radiation and human health},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/74/6/066701},
  volume       = {74},
  year         = {2011},
}