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Optimizing agri-environment schemes for biodiversity, ecosystem services or both?

Ekroos, Johan LU ; Olsson, Ola LU ; Rundlöf, Maj LU ; Watzold, Frank and Smith, Henrik LU (2014) In Biological Conservation 172. p.65-71
Abstract
Agri-environment schemes (AES) have been introduced to mitigate negative environmental effects caused by increased agricultural intensification in Europe. However, there is still debate on whether currently available incentives are efficiently enhancing farmland biodiversity. Moreover, agri-environment schemes often lead to a yield reduction, which has been argued to potentially increase pressure on non-cropped habitats, with unintended negative environmental consequences. Here, we argue that AES should build on more explicit goals regarding (1) biodiversity protection as such and (2) provisioning of ecosystem services benefiting agricultural production. We discuss how this can be achieved by an efficient spatial allocation of AES measures... (More)
Agri-environment schemes (AES) have been introduced to mitigate negative environmental effects caused by increased agricultural intensification in Europe. However, there is still debate on whether currently available incentives are efficiently enhancing farmland biodiversity. Moreover, agri-environment schemes often lead to a yield reduction, which has been argued to potentially increase pressure on non-cropped habitats, with unintended negative environmental consequences. Here, we argue that AES should build on more explicit goals regarding (1) biodiversity protection as such and (2) provisioning of ecosystem services benefiting agricultural production. We discuss how this can be achieved by an efficient spatial allocation of AES measures to the benefit of biodiversity, ecosystem service providers and agricultural production. We differentiate between biodiversity conservation schemes, which target species of conservation concern, and ecosystem service schemes which explicitly target ecosystem service providers important for environmentally sustainable agriculture, most of which are common species. We construct a simplistic, conceptual model, based on well-founded ecological principles, to illustrate how to allocate biodiversity conservation schemes and ecosystem service schemes spatially, depending on where they are needed in order to meet the goals of protecting biodiversity per se and promoting environmentally sustainable agriculture. By understanding the functional importance of different types of AES we can achieve much more effective schemes in the future. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biological pest control, Land-use intensity, Management intensity, Pollination, Productivity, Yield
in
Biological Conservation
volume
172
pages
65 - 71
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000336337800008
  • scopus:84895779920
ISSN
1873-2917
DOI
10.1016/j.biocon.2014.02.013
project
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1ecd2926-8d04-4183-b36d-e9565b1e0a1c (old id 4559338)
date added to LUP
2014-07-17 15:19:22
date last changed
2017-12-10 03:06:44
@article{1ecd2926-8d04-4183-b36d-e9565b1e0a1c,
  abstract     = {Agri-environment schemes (AES) have been introduced to mitigate negative environmental effects caused by increased agricultural intensification in Europe. However, there is still debate on whether currently available incentives are efficiently enhancing farmland biodiversity. Moreover, agri-environment schemes often lead to a yield reduction, which has been argued to potentially increase pressure on non-cropped habitats, with unintended negative environmental consequences. Here, we argue that AES should build on more explicit goals regarding (1) biodiversity protection as such and (2) provisioning of ecosystem services benefiting agricultural production. We discuss how this can be achieved by an efficient spatial allocation of AES measures to the benefit of biodiversity, ecosystem service providers and agricultural production. We differentiate between biodiversity conservation schemes, which target species of conservation concern, and ecosystem service schemes which explicitly target ecosystem service providers important for environmentally sustainable agriculture, most of which are common species. We construct a simplistic, conceptual model, based on well-founded ecological principles, to illustrate how to allocate biodiversity conservation schemes and ecosystem service schemes spatially, depending on where they are needed in order to meet the goals of protecting biodiversity per se and promoting environmentally sustainable agriculture. By understanding the functional importance of different types of AES we can achieve much more effective schemes in the future. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Ekroos, Johan and Olsson, Ola and Rundlöf, Maj and Watzold, Frank and Smith, Henrik},
  issn         = {1873-2917},
  keyword      = {Biological pest control,Land-use intensity,Management intensity,Pollination,Productivity,Yield},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {65--71},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biological Conservation},
  title        = {Optimizing agri-environment schemes for biodiversity, ecosystem services or both?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.02.013},
  volume       = {172},
  year         = {2014},
}