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Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital : Is it a One-Way Street?

Lundborg, Petter LU and Majlesi, Kaveh LU (2018) In Journal of Health Economics 57. p.206-220
Abstract
Studies on the intergenerational transmission of human capital usually assume a one-way spillover from parents to children. However, children may also affect their parents’ human capital. Using exogenous variation in education, arising from a Swedish compulsory schooling reform in the 1950s and 1960s, we address this question by studying the causal effect of children's schooling on their parents’ longevity. We first replicate previous findings of a positive and significant cross-sectional relationship between children's education and their parents’ longevity. Our instrumental variables estimates are not statistically different from zero. However, they hide substantial heterogeneity by the gender of the child and the parent; female... (More)
Studies on the intergenerational transmission of human capital usually assume a one-way spillover from parents to children. However, children may also affect their parents’ human capital. Using exogenous variation in education, arising from a Swedish compulsory schooling reform in the 1950s and 1960s, we address this question by studying the causal effect of children's schooling on their parents’ longevity. We first replicate previous findings of a positive and significant cross-sectional relationship between children's education and their parents’ longevity. Our instrumental variables estimates are not statistically different from zero. However, they hide substantial heterogeneity by the gender of the child and the parent; female schooling is found to affect longevity of fathers and especially those from low socio-economic background. Taken together, our results point to the importance of daughters’ schooling for parental health and to the importance of considering heterogeneous impacts. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Health Economics
volume
57
pages
206 - 220
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85042376705
ISSN
1879-1646
DOI
10.1016/j.jhealeco.2017.12.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1f9e5b4d-91dc-4218-9c0c-540a00c7174e
date added to LUP
2017-12-15 09:55:44
date last changed
2018-04-01 04:37:26
@article{1f9e5b4d-91dc-4218-9c0c-540a00c7174e,
  abstract     = {Studies on the intergenerational transmission of human capital usually assume a one-way spillover from parents to children. However, children may also affect their parents’ human capital. Using exogenous variation in education, arising from a Swedish compulsory schooling reform in the 1950s and 1960s, we address this question by studying the causal effect of children's schooling on their parents’ longevity. We first replicate previous findings of a positive and significant cross-sectional relationship between children's education and their parents’ longevity. Our instrumental variables estimates are not statistically different from zero. However, they hide substantial heterogeneity by the gender of the child and the parent; female schooling is found to affect longevity of fathers and especially those from low socio-economic background. Taken together, our results point to the importance of daughters’ schooling for parental health and to the importance of considering heterogeneous impacts.},
  author       = {Lundborg, Petter and Majlesi, Kaveh},
  issn         = {1879-1646},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {206--220},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Health Economics},
  title        = {Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital : Is it a One-Way Street?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2017.12.001},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2018},
}