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Interest contagion in violation-of-expectation-based false-belief tasks

Falck, Andreas LU ; Brinck, Ingar LU and Lindgren, Magnus LU (2014) In Frontiers in Psychology 5(23).
Abstract
In the debate about how to interpret Violation-of-Expectation (VoE) based false-belief experiments, it has been suggested that infants are predicting the actions of the agent based on more or less sophisticated cognitive means. We present an alternative, more parsimonious interpretation, exploring the possibility that the infants’ reactions are not governed by rational expectation but rather of memory strength due to differences in the allocation of cognitive resources earlier in the experiment. Specifically, it is argued that 1) infants’ have a tendency to find more interest in events that observed agents are attending to as opposed to unattended events (‘interest contagion’), 2) the object-location configurations that result from such... (More)
In the debate about how to interpret Violation-of-Expectation (VoE) based false-belief experiments, it has been suggested that infants are predicting the actions of the agent based on more or less sophisticated cognitive means. We present an alternative, more parsimonious interpretation, exploring the possibility that the infants’ reactions are not governed by rational expectation but rather of memory strength due to differences in the allocation of cognitive resources earlier in the experiment. Specifically, it is argued that 1) infants’ have a tendency to find more interest in events that observed agents are attending to as opposed to unattended events (‘interest contagion’), 2) the object-location configurations that result from such interesting events are remembered more strongly by the infants, and 3) the VoE contrast arises as a consequence of the difference in memory strength between more and less interesting object-location configurations. We discuss two published experiments, one which we argue that our model can explain (Kovács, Téglás & Endress 2010), and one which we argue cannot be readily explained by our model (Onishi & Baillargeon 2005). (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
interest contagion, false belief, theory of mind, memory, attention, development
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
5
issue
23
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • PMID:24523706
  • WOS:000331264900001
  • Scopus:84893630409
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00023
project
Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1faf4f73-7025-4569-9a00-05475ed31bee (old id 4221758)
date added to LUP
2013-12-20 13:56:53
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:43:26
@article{1faf4f73-7025-4569-9a00-05475ed31bee,
  abstract     = {In the debate about how to interpret Violation-of-Expectation (VoE) based false-belief experiments, it has been suggested that infants are predicting the actions of the agent based on more or less sophisticated cognitive means. We present an alternative, more parsimonious interpretation, exploring the possibility that the infants’ reactions are not governed by rational expectation but rather of memory strength due to differences in the allocation of cognitive resources earlier in the experiment. Specifically, it is argued that 1) infants’ have a tendency to find more interest in events that observed agents are attending to as opposed to unattended events (‘interest contagion’), 2) the object-location configurations that result from such interesting events are remembered more strongly by the infants, and 3) the VoE contrast arises as a consequence of the difference in memory strength between more and less interesting object-location configurations. We discuss two published experiments, one which we argue that our model can explain (Kovács, Téglás & Endress 2010), and one which we argue cannot be readily explained by our model (Onishi & Baillargeon 2005).},
  author       = {Falck, Andreas and Brinck, Ingar and Lindgren, Magnus},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  keyword      = {interest contagion,false belief,theory of mind,memory,attention,development},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {23},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {Interest contagion in violation-of-expectation-based false-belief tasks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00023},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2014},
}