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Suppression of amyloid beta a11-immunoreactivity by vitamin C: possible role of heparan sulfate oligosaccharides derived from glypican-1 by ascorbate-induced, no-catalyzed degradation.

Cheng, Fang LU ; Cappai, Roberto; Ciccotosto, Giuseppe D; Svensson Birkedal, Gabriel LU ; Multhaup, Gerd; Fransson, Lars-Åke LU and Mani, Katrin LU (2011) In Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(31). p.27559-27572
Abstract
Amyloid beta is generated from the copper- and heparan sulfate (HS)-binding amyloid precursor protein (APP) by proteolytic processing. APP supports S-nitrosylation of the HS-proteoglycan glypican-1 (Gpc-1). In the presence of ascorbate there is NO-catalyzed release of anhydromannose (anMan)-containing oligosaccharides from Gpc-1-SNO. We have investigated whether these oligosaccharides interact with amyolid beta during APP processing and plaque formation. anMan-Immunoreactivity was detected in amyloid plaques of Alzheimer (AD) and APP transgenic (Tg2576) mouse brains by immunofluorescence microscopy. APP/APP degradation products detected by antibodies to the C-terminus of APP, but not amyolid beta oligomers detected by the anti-amyloid beta... (More)
Amyloid beta is generated from the copper- and heparan sulfate (HS)-binding amyloid precursor protein (APP) by proteolytic processing. APP supports S-nitrosylation of the HS-proteoglycan glypican-1 (Gpc-1). In the presence of ascorbate there is NO-catalyzed release of anhydromannose (anMan)-containing oligosaccharides from Gpc-1-SNO. We have investigated whether these oligosaccharides interact with amyolid beta during APP processing and plaque formation. anMan-Immunoreactivity was detected in amyloid plaques of Alzheimer (AD) and APP transgenic (Tg2576) mouse brains by immunofluorescence microscopy. APP/APP degradation products detected by antibodies to the C-terminus of APP, but not amyolid beta oligomers detected by the anti-amyloid beta A11 antibody, colocalized with anMan-immunoreactivity in Tg2576 fibroblasts. A 50-55-kDa anionic, SDS-stable, anMan- and amyloid beta-immunoreactive species was obtained from Tg2576 fibroblasts using immunoprecipitation with anti-APP (C-terminal). anMan-Containing HS oligo- and disaccharide preparations modulated or suppressed A11-immunoreactivity and oligomerization of amyloid beta 42 peptide in an in vitro assay. A11 immunoreactivity increased in Tg2576 fibroblasts when Gpc-1 autoprocessing was inhibited by U18666A, and decreased when Gpc-1 autoprocessing was stimulated by ascorbate. Neither overexpression of Gpc-1 in Tg2576 fibroblasts nor addition of copper ion and NO-donor to hippocampal slices from 3xTg-AD mice affected A11 immunoreactivity levels. However, A11 immunoreactivity was greatly suppressed by the subsequent addition of ascorbate. We speculate that temporary interaction between the amyolid beta domain and small, anMan-containing oligosaccharides may preclude formation of toxic amyloid beta oligomers. A portion of the oligosaccharides co-secrete with the amyloid beta peptides and are deposited in plaques. These results support the notion that inadequate supply of vitamin C could contribute to late onset AD in humans. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Biological Chemistry
volume
286
issue
31
pages
27559 - 27572
publisher
ASBMB
external identifiers
  • wos:000293268700050
  • pmid:21642435
  • scopus:79960989143
ISSN
1083-351X
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M111.243345
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
36f112b8-452e-4426-b14e-26c8e7e3ea19 (old id 2008500)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21642435?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-07-04 11:10:37
date last changed
2017-07-09 03:14:43
@article{36f112b8-452e-4426-b14e-26c8e7e3ea19,
  abstract     = {Amyloid beta is generated from the copper- and heparan sulfate (HS)-binding amyloid precursor protein (APP) by proteolytic processing. APP supports S-nitrosylation of the HS-proteoglycan glypican-1 (Gpc-1). In the presence of ascorbate there is NO-catalyzed release of anhydromannose (anMan)-containing oligosaccharides from Gpc-1-SNO. We have investigated whether these oligosaccharides interact with amyolid beta during APP processing and plaque formation. anMan-Immunoreactivity was detected in amyloid plaques of Alzheimer (AD) and APP transgenic (Tg2576) mouse brains by immunofluorescence microscopy. APP/APP degradation products detected by antibodies to the C-terminus of APP, but not amyolid beta oligomers detected by the anti-amyloid beta A11 antibody, colocalized with anMan-immunoreactivity in Tg2576 fibroblasts. A 50-55-kDa anionic, SDS-stable, anMan- and amyloid beta-immunoreactive species was obtained from Tg2576 fibroblasts using immunoprecipitation with anti-APP (C-terminal). anMan-Containing HS oligo- and disaccharide preparations modulated or suppressed A11-immunoreactivity and oligomerization of amyloid beta 42 peptide in an in vitro assay. A11 immunoreactivity increased in Tg2576 fibroblasts when Gpc-1 autoprocessing was inhibited by U18666A, and decreased when Gpc-1 autoprocessing was stimulated by ascorbate. Neither overexpression of Gpc-1 in Tg2576 fibroblasts nor addition of copper ion and NO-donor to hippocampal slices from 3xTg-AD mice affected A11 immunoreactivity levels. However, A11 immunoreactivity was greatly suppressed by the subsequent addition of ascorbate. We speculate that temporary interaction between the amyolid beta domain and small, anMan-containing oligosaccharides may preclude formation of toxic amyloid beta oligomers. A portion of the oligosaccharides co-secrete with the amyloid beta peptides and are deposited in plaques. These results support the notion that inadequate supply of vitamin C could contribute to late onset AD in humans.},
  author       = {Cheng, Fang and Cappai, Roberto and Ciccotosto, Giuseppe D and Svensson Birkedal, Gabriel and Multhaup, Gerd and Fransson, Lars-Åke and Mani, Katrin},
  issn         = {1083-351X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {31},
  pages        = {27559--27572},
  publisher    = {ASBMB},
  series       = {Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  title        = {Suppression of amyloid beta a11-immunoreactivity by vitamin C: possible role of heparan sulfate oligosaccharides derived from glypican-1 by ascorbate-induced, no-catalyzed degradation.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.243345},
  volume       = {286},
  year         = {2011},
}