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Agency of Change: Fertility and Seasonal Migration in a Nineteenth Century Alpine Community

Quaranta, Luciana LU (2011) In European Journal of Population 27(4). p.457-485
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

Using longitudinal data this work analyses historical fertility between 1834 and 1914 in an Alpine village situated in north-east Italy, characterised by scarce resources and by an economy which passed from being traditional and based on closed subsistence to becoming open and integrated. During the initial period studied, this territory can be described as a natural fertility context, where Malthusian preventive checks were long-run mechanisms adopted to overcome the limitations set by the environment. In later years, seasonal migration started to play a predominant role in the community. These flows involved the best skilled, wealthiest and healthiest males and the countries of destination were... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

Using longitudinal data this work analyses historical fertility between 1834 and 1914 in an Alpine village situated in north-east Italy, characterised by scarce resources and by an economy which passed from being traditional and based on closed subsistence to becoming open and integrated. During the initial period studied, this territory can be described as a natural fertility context, where Malthusian preventive checks were long-run mechanisms adopted to overcome the limitations set by the environment. In later years, seasonal migration started to play a predominant role in the community. These flows involved the best skilled, wealthiest and healthiest males and the countries of destination were more modern and affluent, offered better labour opportunities and salaries and possibilities of qualification. Impacts on fertility were strong, evidencing a smaller number of births for migrants, which partly resulted from a reduced childbearing period, with a later start and an earlier stop. The findings of this work therefore show that due to the positive selectivity of these men and to the exposure to influences during their periods of absence, in this village seasonal migrants were the agents of change and also the vanguard of modern reproductive behaviours. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Seasonal migration, Historical fertility, Fertility control, Italian Alps
in
European Journal of Population
volume
27
issue
4
pages
457 - 485
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000296645600004
  • scopus:80355144560
ISSN
0168-6577
DOI
10.1007/s10680-011-9241-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0d22d9fa-2331-4018-a33f-d4103ab33fce (old id 2061308)
date added to LUP
2011-08-03 11:06:51
date last changed
2017-08-06 03:11:28
@article{0d22d9fa-2331-4018-a33f-d4103ab33fce,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
Using longitudinal data this work analyses historical fertility between 1834 and 1914 in an Alpine village situated in north-east Italy, characterised by scarce resources and by an economy which passed from being traditional and based on closed subsistence to becoming open and integrated. During the initial period studied, this territory can be described as a natural fertility context, where Malthusian preventive checks were long-run mechanisms adopted to overcome the limitations set by the environment. In later years, seasonal migration started to play a predominant role in the community. These flows involved the best skilled, wealthiest and healthiest males and the countries of destination were more modern and affluent, offered better labour opportunities and salaries and possibilities of qualification. Impacts on fertility were strong, evidencing a smaller number of births for migrants, which partly resulted from a reduced childbearing period, with a later start and an earlier stop. The findings of this work therefore show that due to the positive selectivity of these men and to the exposure to influences during their periods of absence, in this village seasonal migrants were the agents of change and also the vanguard of modern reproductive behaviours.},
  author       = {Quaranta, Luciana},
  issn         = {0168-6577},
  keyword      = {Seasonal migration,Historical fertility,Fertility control,Italian Alps},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {457--485},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Population},
  title        = {Agency of Change: Fertility and Seasonal Migration in a Nineteenth Century Alpine Community},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-011-9241-2},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2011},
}