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Storgodsdrift. Godsekonomi och arbetsorganisation i Skåne från dansk tid till mitten av 1800-talet.

Olsson, Mats LU (2002) In Lund studies in economic history 20.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

De skånska godsen har genom århundradena inte bara utgjort ett spektakulärt inslag i landskapsbilden, de har också varit centrum för politisk maktutövning och jurisdiktion. I denna bok kartläggs och analyseras de skånska godsens ekonomiska och arbetsorganisatoriska utveckling från dansk tid till 1800-talets andra hälft. Utvecklingen vid nio gods uppmärksammas i fallstudier, medan utvecklingen vid ett flertal av landskapets cirka 160 gods bildar underlag för generaliserande analyser av godsdriftens utveckling.



Godsen var bostäder och statussymboler för adeln, men framförallt var de enheter inom ett produktionssystem. En stor del av Skånes befolkning var indraget i godssystemet.... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

De skånska godsen har genom århundradena inte bara utgjort ett spektakulärt inslag i landskapsbilden, de har också varit centrum för politisk maktutövning och jurisdiktion. I denna bok kartläggs och analyseras de skånska godsens ekonomiska och arbetsorganisatoriska utveckling från dansk tid till 1800-talets andra hälft. Utvecklingen vid nio gods uppmärksammas i fallstudier, medan utvecklingen vid ett flertal av landskapets cirka 160 gods bildar underlag för generaliserande analyser av godsdriftens utveckling.



Godsen var bostäder och statussymboler för adeln, men framförallt var de enheter inom ett produktionssystem. En stor del av Skånes befolkning var indraget i godssystemet. Godsdriftens organisering hade stor betydelse för landskapets ekonomiska utveckling, men också för böndernas sociala ställning. I boken visas att storgodsdriften blev allt mer dominerande vid de skånska godsen. Speciellt under 1800-talets första hälft ledde detta till en feodal rekyl i arbetsorganisationen, med en ökning av böndernas och husmännens dagsverksskyldighet. Samtidigt växte emellertid en ny typ av lantliga lönearbetare fram – statarna. (Less)
Abstract
The aim of this study is to systematically survey and analyse the Scanian manors’ economic and labour organisational development from the province’s Danish times to the middle of the nineteenth century. In this thesis the various surveys provides some clear results that make it possible to generalise the Scanian estate development. Manors were generally large at the end of the the seventeenth century and until the middle of the nineteenth century they grew, in many cases, into agrarian estab-lishments for large-scale production. The estates’ main income came, to an increasingly greater extent, from demesne production, which finally dominated the income profile. The peasants’ most important contribution to the estate owner was the corvée... (More)
The aim of this study is to systematically survey and analyse the Scanian manors’ economic and labour organisational development from the province’s Danish times to the middle of the nineteenth century. In this thesis the various surveys provides some clear results that make it possible to generalise the Scanian estate development. Manors were generally large at the end of the the seventeenth century and until the middle of the nineteenth century they grew, in many cases, into agrarian estab-lishments for large-scale production. The estates’ main income came, to an increasingly greater extent, from demesne production, which finally dominated the income profile. The peasants’ most important contribution to the estate owner was the corvée labour in most cases, and the extraction of labour could reach astounding levels in the 1800s. The peasants’ uncertain tenure rights were illustrated with great clarity in the continuing evictions, which were accelerated in the 1800s with the aim of expanding the demesne. The Scanian estate changes fit well into the classical criteria for the conver-sion from Grundherrschaft to Gutherrschaft. But Scania only got to halfway in this process during the agrarian upswing of middle of the sixteenth century. Instead, it was fully accomplished during the second upswing from the end of the 1700s and during the first half of the 1800s. The latter transformation was ambiguous. In answer to the growing market economy, feudal relationships at the estates were intensified, but at the same time society and the labour market were gradually changing. Concomitant with the increase of corvée labour, wage labour became an increasingly important supplement and in some instances had already begun to dissolve the old labour organisation by the middle of the nineteenth century. Fifty years later the corvée labour system had largely been abandoned and capitalistic production and labour forms were predominant at the Scanian estates. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Professor Söderberg, Johan, Stockholms Universitet
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Early Modern times, feudal, corvée labour, peasant, tenant farmer, Gutsherrschaft, demesne, grain production, Landed estate, manorial, 19th century, Scania, Social and economic history, Ekonomisk och social historia
in
Lund studies in economic history
volume
20
pages
395 pages
publisher
Almqvist & Wiksell International
defense location
Crafoordsalen, Holger Crafoords Ekonomicentrum, Lund
defense date
2002-12-07 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAEH—2000/1063--SE
ISSN
1400-4860
ISBN
91-22-01987-1
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
f95c3e9c-7460-4c5e-983e-40ff04dea4b7 (old id 20627)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 11:39:08
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:55
@phdthesis{f95c3e9c-7460-4c5e-983e-40ff04dea4b7,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study is to systematically survey and analyse the Scanian manors’ economic and labour organisational development from the province’s Danish times to the middle of the nineteenth century. In this thesis the various surveys provides some clear results that make it possible to generalise the Scanian estate development. Manors were generally large at the end of the the seventeenth century and until the middle of the nineteenth century they grew, in many cases, into agrarian estab-lishments for large-scale production. The estates’ main income came, to an increasingly greater extent, from demesne production, which finally dominated the income profile. The peasants’ most important contribution to the estate owner was the corvée labour in most cases, and the extraction of labour could reach astounding levels in the 1800s. The peasants’ uncertain tenure rights were illustrated with great clarity in the continuing evictions, which were accelerated in the 1800s with the aim of expanding the demesne. The Scanian estate changes fit well into the classical criteria for the conver-sion from Grundherrschaft to Gutherrschaft. But Scania only got to halfway in this process during the agrarian upswing of middle of the sixteenth century. Instead, it was fully accomplished during the second upswing from the end of the 1700s and during the first half of the 1800s. The latter transformation was ambiguous. In answer to the growing market economy, feudal relationships at the estates were intensified, but at the same time society and the labour market were gradually changing. Concomitant with the increase of corvée labour, wage labour became an increasingly important supplement and in some instances had already begun to dissolve the old labour organisation by the middle of the nineteenth century. Fifty years later the corvée labour system had largely been abandoned and capitalistic production and labour forms were predominant at the Scanian estates.},
  author       = {Olsson, Mats},
  isbn         = {91-22-01987-1},
  issn         = {1400-4860},
  keyword      = {Early Modern times,feudal,corvée labour,peasant,tenant farmer,Gutsherrschaft,demesne,grain production,Landed estate,manorial,19th century,Scania,Social and economic history,Ekonomisk och social historia},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {395},
  publisher    = {Almqvist & Wiksell International},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund studies in economic history},
  title        = {Storgodsdrift. Godsekonomi och arbetsorganisation i Skåne från dansk tid till mitten av 1800-talet.},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2002},
}