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Drogval, kön och personlighet. En perceptgenetisk undersökning av narkomaner

Montgomery, Edward LU (2002)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Är narkomaners personlighet relaterad till den drog som de valt att använda och föredrar? Detta undersöktes i en grupp om 128 tunga narkotikamissbrukare varav 37 var kvinnor och 91 män. De tre droger det gällde var heroin, som användes av 30 kvinnor och 52 män, amfetamin (7 kvinnor och 32 män) och hasch (7 män). Narkomanernas personlighet bestämdes med hjälp av två perceptgenetiska tekniker, Spiral Aftereffect Technique (SAT) och Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm). Det fanns bl a en likhet i personlighet mellan kvinnor som missbrukade heroin och män som missbrukade amfetamin och en särskilt tydlig skillnad i personlighet mellan dessa båda grupper och män som missbrukade heroin. Detta... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Är narkomaners personlighet relaterad till den drog som de valt att använda och föredrar? Detta undersöktes i en grupp om 128 tunga narkotikamissbrukare varav 37 var kvinnor och 91 män. De tre droger det gällde var heroin, som användes av 30 kvinnor och 52 män, amfetamin (7 kvinnor och 32 män) och hasch (7 män). Narkomanernas personlighet bestämdes med hjälp av två perceptgenetiska tekniker, Spiral Aftereffect Technique (SAT) och Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm). Det fanns bl a en likhet i personlighet mellan kvinnor som missbrukade heroin och män som missbrukade amfetamin och en särskilt tydlig skillnad i personlighet mellan dessa båda grupper och män som missbrukade heroin. Detta bekräftar att det finns samband mellan drogval och personlighet. Resultaten tolkades huvudsakligen med hjälp av Anderssons personlighetsmodell, men de relaterades också till psykoanalytikern Leon Wurmsers syn på vad som händer vid drogberoende. (Less)
Abstract
The topic dealt with in this thesis is whether, as Wieder and Kaplan (1969) suggest, the personality of drug addicts is related to their particular drug of choice. The subjects were 128 heavy drug addicts, 37 women and 91 men, each of them selected for the fact of there being one basic drug he/she abused. The drug of choice was either heroin (30 women, 52 men), amphetamine (7 women, 32 men) or cannabis (7 men). The personality of the subjects was determined by means of two percept-genetic techniques, the Spiral Aftereffect Technique (SAT) and the Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm). Analysis of the data was performed in several steps. The men and the women were first studied separately. This was followed by comparison of subjects... (More)
The topic dealt with in this thesis is whether, as Wieder and Kaplan (1969) suggest, the personality of drug addicts is related to their particular drug of choice. The subjects were 128 heavy drug addicts, 37 women and 91 men, each of them selected for the fact of there being one basic drug he/she abused. The drug of choice was either heroin (30 women, 52 men), amphetamine (7 women, 32 men) or cannabis (7 men). The personality of the subjects was determined by means of two percept-genetic techniques, the Spiral Aftereffect Technique (SAT) and the Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm). Analysis of the data was performed in several steps. The men and the women were first studied separately. This was followed by comparison of subjects of differing gender who used the same drug, and then by comparison of the subjects differing in both gender and the drug they abused. Since no differences in SAT/DMTm were found between the male amphetamine and the female heroin abusers, the data of these groups were examined further, together with the data of the male heroin abusers, through use of Multidimentional Scaling. The most typical signs of the male heroin abusers were LLs in the SAT and in the DMTm denial 1 and repression 3 without repression 6. Both the female heroin and the male amphetamine abusers were characterized by L- in the SAT and in the DMTm by denial through reversal III and repression 6. Repression 3 and/or 6 were uncommon among the male cannabis abusers, who more often then the other male abusers were classified as M in the SAT. The woman abusing amphetamine were characterized by denial through reversal IV in the DMTm. The Andersson (1991) model of the mind served as a basis for interpreting these results. It is suggested that a pentad, consisting of steps 3-7 of Wurmser´s (1978) "heptad of specificity in compulsive drug use", and corresponding to the first five positions in the Andersson model, provides a useful description of the vicious circle involved in drug abuse. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Associate Professor Johnsson, Per, Department of Psychology, Lund University
organization
alternative title
Drug of choice, gender and personality. A percept-genetic investigation of drug addicts
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
SAT, personality, percept-genesis, drug of choice, DMTm, drug addiction, Psychology, Psykologi
pages
84 pages
publisher
Department of Psychology, Lund University
defense location
Carolinasalen, Kungshuset
defense date
2002-09-04 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAPS-02-1111-SE
ISBN
91-628-5286-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
eb615c2a-4b0e-4793-beb2-a9bcc5af60c6 (old id 20775)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 11:59:34
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:12
@phdthesis{eb615c2a-4b0e-4793-beb2-a9bcc5af60c6,
  abstract     = {The topic dealt with in this thesis is whether, as Wieder and Kaplan (1969) suggest, the personality of drug addicts is related to their particular drug of choice. The subjects were 128 heavy drug addicts, 37 women and 91 men, each of them selected for the fact of there being one basic drug he/she abused. The drug of choice was either heroin (30 women, 52 men), amphetamine (7 women, 32 men) or cannabis (7 men). The personality of the subjects was determined by means of two percept-genetic techniques, the Spiral Aftereffect Technique (SAT) and the Defense Mechanism Technique modified (DMTm). Analysis of the data was performed in several steps. The men and the women were first studied separately. This was followed by comparison of subjects of differing gender who used the same drug, and then by comparison of the subjects differing in both gender and the drug they abused. Since no differences in SAT/DMTm were found between the male amphetamine and the female heroin abusers, the data of these groups were examined further, together with the data of the male heroin abusers, through use of Multidimentional Scaling. The most typical signs of the male heroin abusers were LLs in the SAT and in the DMTm denial 1 and repression 3 without repression 6. Both the female heroin and the male amphetamine abusers were characterized by L- in the SAT and in the DMTm by denial through reversal III and repression 6. Repression 3 and/or 6 were uncommon among the male cannabis abusers, who more often then the other male abusers were classified as M in the SAT. The woman abusing amphetamine were characterized by denial through reversal IV in the DMTm. The Andersson (1991) model of the mind served as a basis for interpreting these results. It is suggested that a pentad, consisting of steps 3-7 of Wurmser´s (1978) "heptad of specificity in compulsive drug use", and corresponding to the first five positions in the Andersson model, provides a useful description of the vicious circle involved in drug abuse.},
  author       = {Montgomery, Edward},
  isbn         = {91-628-5286-8},
  keyword      = {SAT,personality,percept-genesis,drug of choice,DMTm,drug addiction,Psychology,Psykologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {84},
  publisher    = {Department of Psychology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Drogval, kön och personlighet. En perceptgenetisk undersökning av narkomaner},
  year         = {2002},
}