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Return Migration from Sweden 1968-1996. A Longitudinal Analysis.

Klinthäll, Martin LU (2003) In Lund Studies in Economic History 21.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingsarbetets främsta syfte har varit att analysera vilka drivkrafter som ligger bakom beslutet att återvandra, samt att kartlägga återvandringen från Sverige 1968-1996 avseende sammansättning och utvecklingsmönster. Analysen har bedrivits ur ett arbetsmarknadsekonomiskt perspektiv, med fokus på den långsiktiga utvecklingen av tillgång och efterfrågan på arbetskraft. Datamaterialet, som omfattar nästan 110.000 individer, tillåter en exakt datering av olika händelser i individernas liv och en viktig fördel är tillgången till uppgifter rörande invandrares bakgrund i hemlandet när det gäller utbildning, yrke, språkkunskaper m.m. Resultaten visar att de invandrare som haft relativt höga... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Avhandlingsarbetets främsta syfte har varit att analysera vilka drivkrafter som ligger bakom beslutet att återvandra, samt att kartlägga återvandringen från Sverige 1968-1996 avseende sammansättning och utvecklingsmönster. Analysen har bedrivits ur ett arbetsmarknadsekonomiskt perspektiv, med fokus på den långsiktiga utvecklingen av tillgång och efterfrågan på arbetskraft. Datamaterialet, som omfattar nästan 110.000 individer, tillåter en exakt datering av olika händelser i individernas liv och en viktig fördel är tillgången till uppgifter rörande invandrares bakgrund i hemlandet när det gäller utbildning, yrke, språkkunskaper m.m. Resultaten visar att de invandrare som haft relativt höga inkomster över tid i Sverige har en högre benägenhet att återvandra, samt att den restriktiva invandringspolitiken, i kombination med den försämrade arbetsmarknadssituationen för invandrare, har lett till att återvandringen minskat under perioden. Denna minskning gäller dock inte för högutbildade invandrare. Avhandlingen visar att återvandring är ett betydelsefullt fenomen, som måste vägas in vid studier av migrationssystem och etniska nätverk, men också vid diskussioner om invandrarnas arbetsmarknadssituation och invandringens långsiktiga effekter på samhällsekonomin. (Less)
Abstract
This book deals with return migration from Sweden in the period 1968-1996 to Chile, Germany, Greece, Iran, Poland, Turkey, United States and Yugoslavia, against the background of economic and political developments in Sweden and in the different source countries. An important question in the study regards whether return migrants deviate from other immigrants in terms of human capital characteristics and economic integration. The study also provides an overview of how return migration from Sweden has developed over the period of investigation, in the light of changing patterns of immigration and deteriorating opportunities for immigrants on the Swedish labor market. Using longitudinal micro level data, the study provides a detailed analysis... (More)
This book deals with return migration from Sweden in the period 1968-1996 to Chile, Germany, Greece, Iran, Poland, Turkey, United States and Yugoslavia, against the background of economic and political developments in Sweden and in the different source countries. An important question in the study regards whether return migrants deviate from other immigrants in terms of human capital characteristics and economic integration. The study also provides an overview of how return migration from Sweden has developed over the period of investigation, in the light of changing patterns of immigration and deteriorating opportunities for immigrants on the Swedish labor market. Using longitudinal micro level data, the study provides a detailed analysis of the immigrants’ migratory behavior. The results show that return migration to a large extent is determined by economic factors, such as individual income performance and the economic circumstances in the home country relative to Sweden. Return migrants among the cohorts of labor migrants from southern Europe were on average less positively selected than return migrants from high-income countries like Germany and the United States. Refugee immigrants returning to Chile, Iran and Poland were also positively selected in terms of income, although these immigrant groups had a very weak representation among high-income categories in Sweden. Return migration rates were higher among Americans, Germans and Greeks, than among the other nationalities. The employment situation in Sweden was also shown to be an important determinant. An increase in the Swedish unemployment rate generally increased return migration significantly. The deteriorated labor market situation for immigrants after the 1960s has led to an increase in return migration by highly skilled migrants, but not increased return migration in general. An important conclusion is that economic marginalization does not explain return migration. Regarding refugee immigrants, the decision to return does not only depend on the political situation in the home country; it is also highly dependent on economic circumstances. Different economic opportunities in Poland and Chile after democratization in 1990 explain why Chileans display a much higher probability of return migration than Poles do in the 1990s. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Chiswick, Barry R., University of Illinois at Chicago
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
transient migration, longitudinal analysis, Sweden, income performance, integration, refugee, immigrant, Migration, labor market, self-selection, Social and economic history, Ekonomisk och social historia
in
Lund Studies in Economic History
volume
21
pages
231 pages
publisher
Almqvist & Wiksell International
defense location
Crafoordsalen, Holger Crafoords Ekonomicentrum, Lund
defense date
2003-03-08 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAEH—2003/1064--SE
ISSN
1400-4860
ISBN
91-22-01999-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0b89d1e4-d20f-409c-b990-3fd150c13f15 (old id 21036)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 11:41:29
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:55
@phdthesis{0b89d1e4-d20f-409c-b990-3fd150c13f15,
  abstract     = {This book deals with return migration from Sweden in the period 1968-1996 to Chile, Germany, Greece, Iran, Poland, Turkey, United States and Yugoslavia, against the background of economic and political developments in Sweden and in the different source countries. An important question in the study regards whether return migrants deviate from other immigrants in terms of human capital characteristics and economic integration. The study also provides an overview of how return migration from Sweden has developed over the period of investigation, in the light of changing patterns of immigration and deteriorating opportunities for immigrants on the Swedish labor market. Using longitudinal micro level data, the study provides a detailed analysis of the immigrants’ migratory behavior. The results show that return migration to a large extent is determined by economic factors, such as individual income performance and the economic circumstances in the home country relative to Sweden. Return migrants among the cohorts of labor migrants from southern Europe were on average less positively selected than return migrants from high-income countries like Germany and the United States. Refugee immigrants returning to Chile, Iran and Poland were also positively selected in terms of income, although these immigrant groups had a very weak representation among high-income categories in Sweden. Return migration rates were higher among Americans, Germans and Greeks, than among the other nationalities. The employment situation in Sweden was also shown to be an important determinant. An increase in the Swedish unemployment rate generally increased return migration significantly. The deteriorated labor market situation for immigrants after the 1960s has led to an increase in return migration by highly skilled migrants, but not increased return migration in general. An important conclusion is that economic marginalization does not explain return migration. Regarding refugee immigrants, the decision to return does not only depend on the political situation in the home country; it is also highly dependent on economic circumstances. Different economic opportunities in Poland and Chile after democratization in 1990 explain why Chileans display a much higher probability of return migration than Poles do in the 1990s.},
  author       = {Klinthäll, Martin},
  isbn         = {91-22-01999-5},
  issn         = {1400-4860},
  keyword      = {transient migration,longitudinal analysis,Sweden,income performance,integration,refugee,immigrant,Migration,labor market,self-selection,Social and economic history,Ekonomisk och social historia},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {231},
  publisher    = {Almqvist & Wiksell International},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Economic History},
  title        = {Return Migration from Sweden 1968-1996. A Longitudinal Analysis.},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2003},
}