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La syntaxe de seul et seulement

Börjesson, Anne LU (2004) In Études Romanes de Lund 69.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Studiens övergripande mål är att beskriva olika användningar « seul » och « seulement », och att förklara dessa användningar inom en generativ ram. Efter första kapitlets introduktion presenteras ett antal tidigare studier i det andra och tredje kapitlet. Fjärde kapitlet redovisar ett empiriskt material med exempel på seul och seulement, tagna från dagspressen. Den empiriska studien visa att exemplen kan klassificeras i två grupper om tre undergrupper, baserade på distributionella, semantiska och syntaktiska kriterier. Femte kapitlet visar att en generativ modell för satsstrukturen kan förklara de olika användningarna av seul och seulement.



I den första gruppen, innehållande... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Studiens övergripande mål är att beskriva olika användningar « seul » och « seulement », och att förklara dessa användningar inom en generativ ram. Efter första kapitlets introduktion presenteras ett antal tidigare studier i det andra och tredje kapitlet. Fjärde kapitlet redovisar ett empiriskt material med exempel på seul och seulement, tagna från dagspressen. Den empiriska studien visa att exemplen kan klassificeras i två grupper om tre undergrupper, baserade på distributionella, semantiska och syntaktiska kriterier. Femte kapitlet visar att en generativ modell för satsstrukturen kan förklara de olika användningarna av seul och seulement.



I den första gruppen, innehållande exempel på seul, omfattar den första undergruppen exempel där seul, genom sin förmåga att förekomma i attributiva och predikativa konstruktioner, kan karakteriseras som ett deskriptivt adjektiv. Nästa grupp motsvarar en användning av seul som kan korreleras till positionen mellan artikel och substantiv (un/le seul N) inom det funktionella fältet inom DP, mera specifikt som en AP i Spec,NumP, en projektion som associeras till numerus. Den tredje gruppen skiljer sig från de två första genom att seul i detta fall analyseras som en kvantifierare, d.v.s. som ett huvud i en QP omedelbart ovanför DP.



Den andra huvudgruppen omfattar exempel på seulement, indelade i tre grupper, huvudsakligen utifrån deras distribution. I samtliga användningar analyseras seulement som en AP. I den första gruppen av exempel anses denna AP ha tillträde till Spec-positionen i DP/QP, AP och PP. Den andra gruppen tolkas relativt hela VP och seulement antas i dessa fall förekomma inom en funktionell projektion omedelbart ovanför VP. Den sista gruppen omfattar exempel på seulement inom CP, d.v.s. den kontextanknytande delen av satsstrukturen. De syntaktiska egenskaperna hos seulement är i dessa fall nära konjunktionernas.



I det sjätte kapitlet skissas en möjlig historisk utveckling för seul och seulement, vilken skulle kunna förklara de observerade skillnaderna. I det sjunde kapitlet redovisas avhandlingens slutsatser. (Less)
Abstract
The overall aim of this study is to describe a number of different uses of the French "seul" and "seulement", and to account for the observed differences within a generative framework. After an introductory chapter, chapters two and three present a survey of earlier studies. The fourth chapter concerns an empirical study of authentic occurrences of "seul" and seulement", drawn from the press. The empirical study permits us to classify the occurrences into two sets of three groups on the basis of distributional, semantic and syntactic criteria. The fifth chapter shows that it is possible to account for the differences between these groups by a generative phrase structure model.



In the first set of three groups, that of... (More)
The overall aim of this study is to describe a number of different uses of the French "seul" and "seulement", and to account for the observed differences within a generative framework. After an introductory chapter, chapters two and three present a survey of earlier studies. The fourth chapter concerns an empirical study of authentic occurrences of "seul" and seulement", drawn from the press. The empirical study permits us to classify the occurrences into two sets of three groups on the basis of distributional, semantic and syntactic criteria. The fifth chapter shows that it is possible to account for the differences between these groups by a generative phrase structure model.



In the first set of three groups, that of "seul", one of the groups includes the occurrences of "seul" that, by their ability to appear in attributive and predicative contexts, are characterized as descriptive adjectives. The next group of occurrences is supposed to correlate with the appearance of "seul" in a position between the article and the noun ("un/le seul N") within the functional layer of DP, specifically as an AP in Spec,NumP, a projection associated with grammatical number. The third group of occurrences differs from the two first, in so far as "seul" in this case is analysed as a quantifier, i.e. as the head of a QP situated immediately above DP.



The second set of three groups encompass the occurrences of "seulement". These occurrences divide into groups mainly on the basis of their distribution. The occurrences of the first group are analysed as APs having access to the Spec position of DP/QP, AP and PP. The second group is interpreted in relation to the VP, either to the object or to the entire VP. In these cases, "seulement" is supposed to occur in a functional projection directly above VP. Finally, "seulement" may also appear within the CP layer. Its syntactical properties then closely resemble those of the conjunctions.



The sixth chapter hints at the possibility that the different uses of "seul" and "seulement" may result from a grammaticalization process. The last chapter presents the conclusion of the study. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Maître d'enseignement et de recherche Puskàs, Genoveva, Université de Genève, Schweiz
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
quantifier, seul, syntax, Franska språket, French, French language, seulement, adverb, Jämförande lingvistik, Comparative linguistics, adjective
in
Études Romanes de Lund
volume
69
pages
210 pages
publisher
Department of Romance Languages
defense location
Kulturanatomen, sal 201, Biskopsgatan 7, Lund
defense date
2004-03-20 10:15
ISSN
0347-0822
ISBN
91-973886-7-X
language
French
LU publication?
yes
id
49d35e84-e0fa-4ad2-9019-ff1bc2c44cbb (old id 21582)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 11:20:28
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:52
@phdthesis{49d35e84-e0fa-4ad2-9019-ff1bc2c44cbb,
  abstract     = {The overall aim of this study is to describe a number of different uses of the French "seul" and "seulement", and to account for the observed differences within a generative framework. After an introductory chapter, chapters two and three present a survey of earlier studies. The fourth chapter concerns an empirical study of authentic occurrences of "seul" and seulement", drawn from the press. The empirical study permits us to classify the occurrences into two sets of three groups on the basis of distributional, semantic and syntactic criteria. The fifth chapter shows that it is possible to account for the differences between these groups by a generative phrase structure model.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In the first set of three groups, that of "seul", one of the groups includes the occurrences of "seul" that, by their ability to appear in attributive and predicative contexts, are characterized as descriptive adjectives. The next group of occurrences is supposed to correlate with the appearance of "seul" in a position between the article and the noun ("un/le seul N") within the functional layer of DP, specifically as an AP in Spec,NumP, a projection associated with grammatical number. The third group of occurrences differs from the two first, in so far as "seul" in this case is analysed as a quantifier, i.e. as the head of a QP situated immediately above DP.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The second set of three groups encompass the occurrences of "seulement". These occurrences divide into groups mainly on the basis of their distribution. The occurrences of the first group are analysed as APs having access to the Spec position of DP/QP, AP and PP. The second group is interpreted in relation to the VP, either to the object or to the entire VP. In these cases, "seulement" is supposed to occur in a functional projection directly above VP. Finally, "seulement" may also appear within the CP layer. Its syntactical properties then closely resemble those of the conjunctions.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The sixth chapter hints at the possibility that the different uses of "seul" and "seulement" may result from a grammaticalization process. The last chapter presents the conclusion of the study.},
  author       = {Börjesson, Anne},
  isbn         = {91-973886-7-X},
  issn         = {0347-0822},
  keyword      = {quantifier,seul,syntax,Franska språket,French,French language,seulement,adverb,Jämförande lingvistik,Comparative linguistics,adjective},
  language     = {fre},
  pages        = {210},
  publisher    = {Department of Romance Languages},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Études Romanes de Lund},
  title        = {La syntaxe de seul et seulement},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2004},
}