Advanced

Differential diagnosis between non-pathological psychotic and spiritual experiences and mental disorders: a contribution from Latin American studies to the ICD-11

Moreira-Almeida, Alexander and Cardeña, Etzel LU (2011) In Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 33. p.21-36
Abstract
Objective: To review research articles in psychiatry and psychology involving Latin American populations and/or produced by Latin American scholars to investigate the differential diagnosis between spiritual/anomalous experiences and mental disorders in order to contribute to the validity of the International Classification of Diseases towards its 11(th) edition in this area. Method: We searched electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, and SciELO) using relevant keywords (possession, trance, religious experience, spiritual experience, latin*, Brazil) for articles with original psychiatric and psychological data on spiritual experiences. We also analyzed the references of the articles found and contacted authors for additional... (More)
Objective: To review research articles in psychiatry and psychology involving Latin American populations and/or produced by Latin American scholars to investigate the differential diagnosis between spiritual/anomalous experiences and mental disorders in order to contribute to the validity of the International Classification of Diseases towards its 11(th) edition in this area. Method: We searched electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, and SciELO) using relevant keywords (possession, trance, religious experience, spiritual experience, latin*, Brazil) for articles with original psychiatric and psychological data on spiritual experiences. We also analyzed the references of the articles found and contacted authors for additional references and data. Results: There is strong evidence that psychotic and anomalous experiences are frequent in the general population and that most of them are not related to psychotic disorders. Often, spiritual experiences involve non-pathological dissociative and psychotic experiences. Although spiritual experiences are not usually related to mental disorders, they may cause transient distress and are commonly reported by psychotic patients. Conclusion: We propose some features that suggest the non-pathological nature of a spiritual experience: lack of suffering, lack of social or functional impairment, compatibility with the patient's cultural background and recognition by others, absence of psychiatric comorbidities, control over the experience, and personal growth over time. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
diffirential, Diagnosis, Psychotic disorders, Spirituality, Classification
in
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
volume
33
pages
21 - 36
publisher
Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria
external identifiers
  • wos:000293879000005
  • scopus:80051863298
ISSN
1516-4446
DOI
10.1590/S1516-44462011000500004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c4eaa53f-3e3a-4047-bd31-2e0fc15f9346 (old id 2160989)
date added to LUP
2011-09-21 15:00:36
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:23:47
@article{c4eaa53f-3e3a-4047-bd31-2e0fc15f9346,
  abstract     = {Objective: To review research articles in psychiatry and psychology involving Latin American populations and/or produced by Latin American scholars to investigate the differential diagnosis between spiritual/anomalous experiences and mental disorders in order to contribute to the validity of the International Classification of Diseases towards its 11(th) edition in this area. Method: We searched electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, and SciELO) using relevant keywords (possession, trance, religious experience, spiritual experience, latin*, Brazil) for articles with original psychiatric and psychological data on spiritual experiences. We also analyzed the references of the articles found and contacted authors for additional references and data. Results: There is strong evidence that psychotic and anomalous experiences are frequent in the general population and that most of them are not related to psychotic disorders. Often, spiritual experiences involve non-pathological dissociative and psychotic experiences. Although spiritual experiences are not usually related to mental disorders, they may cause transient distress and are commonly reported by psychotic patients. Conclusion: We propose some features that suggest the non-pathological nature of a spiritual experience: lack of suffering, lack of social or functional impairment, compatibility with the patient's cultural background and recognition by others, absence of psychiatric comorbidities, control over the experience, and personal growth over time.},
  author       = {Moreira-Almeida, Alexander and Cardeña, Etzel},
  issn         = {1516-4446},
  keyword      = {diffirential,Diagnosis,Psychotic disorders,Spirituality,Classification},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {21--36},
  publisher    = {Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria},
  series       = {Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria},
  title        = {Differential diagnosis between non-pathological psychotic and spiritual experiences and mental disorders: a contribution from Latin American studies to the ICD-11},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462011000500004},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2011},
}