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Reduced diffusion of charge-modified, conformationally intact anionic Ficoll relative to neutral Ficoll across the rat glomerular filtration barrier in vivo

Axelsson, Josefin LU ; Sverrisson, Kristinn LU ; Rippe, Anna LU ; Fissell, William and Rippe, Bengt LU (2011) In American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology 301(4). p.708-712
Abstract
Axelsson J, Sverrisson K, Rippe A, Fissell W, Rippe B. Reduced diffusion of charge-modified, conformationally intact anionic Ficoll relative to neutral Ficoll across the rat glomerular filtration barrier in vivo. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 301: F708-F712, 2011. First published July 20, 2011; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00183.2011.-The glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) is commonly conceived as a negatively charged sieve to proteins. Recent studies, however, indicate that glomerular charge effects are small for anionic, carboxymethylated (CM) dextran vs. neutral dextran. Furthermore, two studies assessing the glomerular sieving coefficients (theta) for negative CM-Ficoll vs. native Ficoll have demonstrated an increased glomerular permeability for... (More)
Axelsson J, Sverrisson K, Rippe A, Fissell W, Rippe B. Reduced diffusion of charge-modified, conformationally intact anionic Ficoll relative to neutral Ficoll across the rat glomerular filtration barrier in vivo. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 301: F708-F712, 2011. First published July 20, 2011; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00183.2011.-The glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) is commonly conceived as a negatively charged sieve to proteins. Recent studies, however, indicate that glomerular charge effects are small for anionic, carboxymethylated (CM) dextran vs. neutral dextran. Furthermore, two studies assessing the glomerular sieving coefficients (theta) for negative CM-Ficoll vs. native Ficoll have demonstrated an increased glomerular permeability for CM-Ficoll (Asgeirsson D, Venturoli D, Rippe B, Rippe C. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 291: F1083-F1089, 2006; Guimaraes M, Nikolovski J, Pratt L, Greive K, Comper W. Am Physiol Renal Physiol 285: F1118-F1124, 2003.). The CM-Ficoll used, however, showed a larger Stokes-Einstein radius (a(e)) than neutral Ficoll, and it was proposed that the introduction of negative charges in the Ficoll molecule had made it more flexible and permeable. Recently, a negative FITC-labeled CM-Ficoll (CMI-Ficoll) was produced with a conformation identical to that of neutral FITC-Ficoll. Using these probes, we determined their theta:s in anesthetized Wistar rats (259 +/- 2.5 g). After blood access had been achieved, the left ureter was cannulated for urine sampling. Either polysaccharide was infused (iv) together with a filtration marker, and urine and plasma were collected. Assessment of theta FITC-Ficoll was achieved by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). CMI-Ficoll and native Ficoll had identical elugrams on the HPSEC. Diffusion of anionic Ficoll was significantly reduced compared with that of neutral Ficoll across the GFB for molecules of a(e) similar to 20-35 angstrom, while there were no charge effects for Ficoll of a(e) similar to 35-80 angstrom. The data are consistent with a charge effect present in "small pores," but not in "large pores," of the GFB and mimicked those obtained for anionic membranes in vitro for the same probes. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
capillary permeability, sieving coefficient, glomerular basement, membrane, FITC
in
American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology
volume
301
issue
4
pages
708 - 712
publisher
American Physiological Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000295370500004
  • pmid:21775478
  • scopus:80053376935
ISSN
1522-1466
DOI
10.1152/ajprenal.00183.2011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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f2dfbdb6-d312-4d69-9be1-867ed28f34dd (old id 2179747)
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21775478?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-11-01 07:47:02
date last changed
2017-08-27 03:05:24
@article{f2dfbdb6-d312-4d69-9be1-867ed28f34dd,
  abstract     = {Axelsson J, Sverrisson K, Rippe A, Fissell W, Rippe B. Reduced diffusion of charge-modified, conformationally intact anionic Ficoll relative to neutral Ficoll across the rat glomerular filtration barrier in vivo. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 301: F708-F712, 2011. First published July 20, 2011; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00183.2011.-The glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) is commonly conceived as a negatively charged sieve to proteins. Recent studies, however, indicate that glomerular charge effects are small for anionic, carboxymethylated (CM) dextran vs. neutral dextran. Furthermore, two studies assessing the glomerular sieving coefficients (theta) for negative CM-Ficoll vs. native Ficoll have demonstrated an increased glomerular permeability for CM-Ficoll (Asgeirsson D, Venturoli D, Rippe B, Rippe C. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 291: F1083-F1089, 2006; Guimaraes M, Nikolovski J, Pratt L, Greive K, Comper W. Am Physiol Renal Physiol 285: F1118-F1124, 2003.). The CM-Ficoll used, however, showed a larger Stokes-Einstein radius (a(e)) than neutral Ficoll, and it was proposed that the introduction of negative charges in the Ficoll molecule had made it more flexible and permeable. Recently, a negative FITC-labeled CM-Ficoll (CMI-Ficoll) was produced with a conformation identical to that of neutral FITC-Ficoll. Using these probes, we determined their theta:s in anesthetized Wistar rats (259 +/- 2.5 g). After blood access had been achieved, the left ureter was cannulated for urine sampling. Either polysaccharide was infused (iv) together with a filtration marker, and urine and plasma were collected. Assessment of theta FITC-Ficoll was achieved by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). CMI-Ficoll and native Ficoll had identical elugrams on the HPSEC. Diffusion of anionic Ficoll was significantly reduced compared with that of neutral Ficoll across the GFB for molecules of a(e) similar to 20-35 angstrom, while there were no charge effects for Ficoll of a(e) similar to 35-80 angstrom. The data are consistent with a charge effect present in "small pores," but not in "large pores," of the GFB and mimicked those obtained for anionic membranes in vitro for the same probes.},
  author       = {Axelsson, Josefin and Sverrisson, Kristinn and Rippe, Anna and Fissell, William and Rippe, Bengt},
  issn         = {1522-1466},
  keyword      = {capillary permeability,sieving coefficient,glomerular basement,membrane,FITC},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {708--712},
  publisher    = {American Physiological Society},
  series       = {American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology},
  title        = {Reduced diffusion of charge-modified, conformationally intact anionic Ficoll relative to neutral Ficoll across the rat glomerular filtration barrier in vivo},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00183.2011},
  volume       = {301},
  year         = {2011},
}