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National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures

Terracciano, A; Abdel-Khalek, AM; Adam, N; Adamovova, L; Ahn, C; Ahn, HN; Alansari, BM; Alcalay, L; Allik, J and Angleitner, A, et al. (2005) In Science 310(5745). p.96-100
Abstract
Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Science
volume
310
issue
5745
pages
96 - 100
publisher
The American Association for the Advancement of Science
external identifiers
  • pmid:16210536
  • wos:000232477000045
  • scopus:26444438139
ISSN
1095-9203
DOI
10.1126/science.1117199
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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dc873357-c35f-4549-8a9d-69b6997f6141 (old id 220535)
date added to LUP
2007-08-20 14:32:49
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2017-11-05 04:29:50
@article{dc873357-c35f-4549-8a9d-69b6997f6141,
  abstract     = {Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.},
  author       = {Terracciano, A and Abdel-Khalek, AM and Adam, N and Adamovova, L and Ahn, C and Ahn, HN and Alansari, BM and Alcalay, L and Allik, J and Angleitner, A and Avia, MD and Ayearst, LE and Barbaranelli, C and Beer, A and Borg-Cunen, MA and Bratko, D and Brunner-Sciarra, M and Budzinski, L and Camart, N and Dahourou, D and De Fruyt, F and de Lima, MP and del Pilar, GEH and Diener, E and Falzon, R and Fernando, K and Fickova, E and Fischer, R and Flores-Mendoza, C and Ghayur, MA and Gulgoz, S and Hagberg, Bo and Halberstadt, J and Halim, MS and Hrebickova, M and Humrichouse, J and Jensen, HH and Jocic, DD and Jonsson, FH and Khoury, B and Klinkosz, W and Knezevic, G and Lauri, MA and Leibovich, N and Martin, TA and Marusic, I and Mastor, KA and Matsumoto, D and McRorie, M and Meshcheriakov, B and Mortensen, EL and Munyae, M and Nagy, J and Nakazato, K and Nansubuga, F and Oishi, S and Ojedokun, AO and Ostendorf, F and Paulhus, DL and Pelevin, S and Petot, JM and Podobnik, N and Porrata, JL and Pramila, VS and Prentice, G and Realo, A and Reategui, N and Rolland, JP and Rossier, J and Ruch, W and Rus, VS and Sanchez-Bernardos, ML and Schmidt, V and Sciculna-Calleja, S and Sekowski, A and Shakespeare-Finch, J and Shimonaka, Y and Simonetti, F and Sineshaw, T and Siuta, J and Smith, PB and Trapnell, PD and Trobst, KK and Wang, L and Yik, M and Zupancic, A and McCrae, RR},
  issn         = {1095-9203},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5745},
  pages        = {96--100},
  publisher    = {The American Association for the Advancement of Science},
  series       = {Science},
  title        = {National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1117199},
  volume       = {310},
  year         = {2005},
}