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P-selectin mediates neutrophil rolling and recruitment in acute pancreatitis.

Hartman Magnusson, Hannes LU ; Abdulla, Aree LU ; Awla, Darbaz LU ; Lindkvist, Björn LU ; Jeppsson, Bengt LU ; Thorlacius, Henrik LU and Regnér, Sara LU (2012) In British Journal of Surgery 99. p.246-255
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The adhesive mechanisms regulating leucocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreas remain elusive, but selectins may play a role. This study examined the molecular mechanisms mediating leucocyte rolling along the endothelium in the pancreas and the therapeutic potential of targeting the rolling adhesive interaction in acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of 5 per cent sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct, repeated intraperitoneal administration of caerulein (50 µg/kg) or intraperitoneal administration of L-arginine (4 g/kg) in C57BL/6 mice. A control and a monoclonal antibody against P-selectin were administered before and after induction of AP. Serum and tissue were... (More)
BACKGROUND: The adhesive mechanisms regulating leucocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreas remain elusive, but selectins may play a role. This study examined the molecular mechanisms mediating leucocyte rolling along the endothelium in the pancreas and the therapeutic potential of targeting the rolling adhesive interaction in acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of 5 per cent sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct, repeated intraperitoneal administration of caerulein (50 µg/kg) or intraperitoneal administration of L-arginine (4 g/kg) in C57BL/6 mice. A control and a monoclonal antibody against P-selectin were administered before and after induction of AP. Serum and tissue were sampled to assess the severity of pancreatitis, and intravital microscopy was used to study leucocyte rolling. RESULTS: Taurocholate infusion into the pancreatic duct increased the serum level of trypsinogen, trypsinogen activation, pancreatic neutrophil infiltration, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) 2 formation and tissue damage. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin decreased the taurocholate-induced increase in serum trypsinogen (median (range) 17·35 (12·20-30·00) versus 1·55 (0·60-15·70) µg/l; P = 0·017), neutrophil accumulation (4·00 (0·75-4·00) versus 0·63 (0-3·25); P = 0·002) and tissue damage, but had no effect on MIP-2 production (14·08 (1·68-33·38) versus 3·70 (0·55-51·80) pg/mg; P = 0·195) or serum trypsinogen activating peptide level (1·10 (0·60-1·60) versus 0·45 (0-1·80) µg/l; P = 0·069). Intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed that anti-P-selectin antibody inhibited leucocyte rolling completely in postcapillary venules of the inflamed pancreas. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of P-selectin protected against pancreatic tissue injury in experimental pancreatitis. Targeting P-selectin may be an effective strategy to ameliorate inflammation in AP. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
British Journal of Surgery
volume
99
pages
246 - 255
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000303148200016
  • pmid:22109627
  • scopus:84855697952
ISSN
1365-2168
DOI
10.1002/bjs.7775
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9fcdbe5f-7c90-4be3-ab06-7b55af5a61d0 (old id 2220498)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22109627?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-12-03 09:33:26
date last changed
2017-02-26 04:23:02
@article{9fcdbe5f-7c90-4be3-ab06-7b55af5a61d0,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: The adhesive mechanisms regulating leucocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreas remain elusive, but selectins may play a role. This study examined the molecular mechanisms mediating leucocyte rolling along the endothelium in the pancreas and the therapeutic potential of targeting the rolling adhesive interaction in acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of 5 per cent sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct, repeated intraperitoneal administration of caerulein (50 µg/kg) or intraperitoneal administration of L-arginine (4 g/kg) in C57BL/6 mice. A control and a monoclonal antibody against P-selectin were administered before and after induction of AP. Serum and tissue were sampled to assess the severity of pancreatitis, and intravital microscopy was used to study leucocyte rolling. RESULTS: Taurocholate infusion into the pancreatic duct increased the serum level of trypsinogen, trypsinogen activation, pancreatic neutrophil infiltration, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) 2 formation and tissue damage. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin decreased the taurocholate-induced increase in serum trypsinogen (median (range) 17·35 (12·20-30·00) versus 1·55 (0·60-15·70) µg/l; P = 0·017), neutrophil accumulation (4·00 (0·75-4·00) versus 0·63 (0-3·25); P = 0·002) and tissue damage, but had no effect on MIP-2 production (14·08 (1·68-33·38) versus 3·70 (0·55-51·80) pg/mg; P = 0·195) or serum trypsinogen activating peptide level (1·10 (0·60-1·60) versus 0·45 (0-1·80) µg/l; P = 0·069). Intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed that anti-P-selectin antibody inhibited leucocyte rolling completely in postcapillary venules of the inflamed pancreas. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of P-selectin protected against pancreatic tissue injury in experimental pancreatitis. Targeting P-selectin may be an effective strategy to ameliorate inflammation in AP. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.},
  author       = {Hartman Magnusson, Hannes and Abdulla, Aree and Awla, Darbaz and Lindkvist, Björn and Jeppsson, Bengt and Thorlacius, Henrik and Regnér, Sara},
  issn         = {1365-2168},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {246--255},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {British Journal of Surgery},
  title        = {P-selectin mediates neutrophil rolling and recruitment in acute pancreatitis.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.7775},
  volume       = {99},
  year         = {2012},
}