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Factors affecting the local distribution of the Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis in Baltic offshore waters

Nilsson, Leif LU ; Ogonowski, Martin and Staveley, Thomas A.B. (2016) In Wildfowl 66. p.142-158
Abstract
The Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis is the main offshore wintering seaduck
species in the Baltic region, although numbers have declined steeply since the early 1990s. The reasons for the decline are not well understood and information about habitat choice is scarce. Blue Mussels Mytilus edulis are the main food source for Longtailed Ducks in the southern Baltic Sea and here we have used both modelled and measured raw data on Mytilus abundances, patchiness and various bathymetric parameters to study Long-tailed Duck habitat preferences. Long-tailed Ducks were most abundant at depths of 10–30 m and in areas of high Mytilus densities. Patchiness of the resource was also very influential, especially when overall Mytilus densities were... (More)
The Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis is the main offshore wintering seaduck
species in the Baltic region, although numbers have declined steeply since the early 1990s. The reasons for the decline are not well understood and information about habitat choice is scarce. Blue Mussels Mytilus edulis are the main food source for Longtailed Ducks in the southern Baltic Sea and here we have used both modelled and measured raw data on Mytilus abundances, patchiness and various bathymetric parameters to study Long-tailed Duck habitat preferences. Long-tailed Ducks were most abundant at depths of 10–30 m and in areas of high Mytilus densities. Patchiness of the resource was also very influential, especially when overall Mytilus densities were low. Bird abundance was intermediate to high in areas of low patchiness and low
where Mytilus patchiness was high. This suggests that the birds seek areas that
optimise their feeding efficiency. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Wildfowl
volume
66
pages
17 pages
publisher
Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust
external identifiers
  • scopus:85017018744
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
22393616-f0b3-43ed-ad9b-e063fa9ca367
alternative location
https://wildfowl.wwt.org.uk/index.php/wildfowl/article/view/2650
date added to LUP
2016-12-12 13:53:45
date last changed
2017-11-20 15:39:56
@article{22393616-f0b3-43ed-ad9b-e063fa9ca367,
  abstract     = {The Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis is the main offshore wintering seaduck<br/>species in the Baltic region, although numbers have declined steeply since the early 1990s. The reasons for the decline are not well understood and information about habitat choice is scarce. Blue Mussels Mytilus edulis are the main food source for Longtailed Ducks in the southern Baltic Sea and here we have used both modelled and measured raw data on Mytilus abundances, patchiness and various bathymetric parameters to study Long-tailed Duck habitat preferences. Long-tailed Ducks were most abundant at depths of 10–30 m and in areas of high Mytilus densities. Patchiness of the resource was also very influential, especially when overall Mytilus densities were low. Bird abundance was intermediate to high in areas of low patchiness and low<br/>where Mytilus patchiness was high. This suggests that the birds seek areas that<br/>optimise their feeding efficiency.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Leif and Ogonowski, Martin and Staveley, Thomas A.B.},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {142--158},
  publisher    = {Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust},
  series       = {Wildfowl},
  title        = {Factors affecting the local distribution of the Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis in Baltic offshore waters},
  volume       = {66},
  year         = {2016},
}